Query From Linda Wilke-Long email@example.com 30 Jan 1998
My research examines white, middle-class clubwomen who became active in Indian reform work through their clubs, including the General Federation of Women's Clubs and the League of Women Voters. Both of these groups addressed Indian affairs in the 1920s and nurtured women who would take a direct (but as yet unexamined) part in the "radical" reform of John Collier, Indian Commissioner in the 1930s. Although my thesis was accepted and successfully defended, my thesis advisor rejects my claim that these women were the product of a "woman's club culture" which emphasized respect for cultural diversity, environmental awareness, and responsibility for others in the community. I believe the women's' club work made them uniquely suited to the policies of New Deal Indian reform. Can it be said that a "women's club culture" developed in the late 19th early 20th century? Any comments, resources, etc. would be greatly appreciated!
From Nancy Marie Robertson firstname.lastname@example.org 02 Feb 1998
I think that a bibliography that I prepared on African-American women and the club movement is still on the H-Women website [http://h-net.msu.edu/~women/bibs]. It includes citations for the work on white women's clubs (esp. Karen Blair). You should also look at Susan Yohn's work on Presbyterian missionaries to the Southwest, _A Contest of Faiths_--especially Chapter One: "A Woman's Club of National Interest."
From Terry Larch email@example.com 02 Feb 1998
You may want to read Karen J. Blair's _The Clubwoman as Feminist: True Womanhood Redefined, 1868-1914_(NY: Holmes & Meier, 1980). Blair doesn't discuss contact with Native Americans, but does give an insight on the "club culture." The author suggests that clubs provided women a "significant alternative route...(to) self-development." The women in clubs were able to integrate morality and domesticity in their club activities which enabled them to expand their sphere for personal and professional growth. Blair includes 40 pages of bibliography and 26 pages of useful endnotes.
From Laura Moore firstname.lastname@example.org 03 Feb 1998
Have you seen Margaret Jacobs dissertation (1996, UC Davis), "Uplifting Cultures: Encounters Between White Women and Pueblo Indians, 1890-1935"? I haven't actually read it, but it sounds from the abstract very relevant.
From Genevieve G McBride email@example.com 03 Feb 1998
...into the work of the First Lady of Wisconsin from 1920-1926, Anna Carrier McSpaden Blaine. She and her husband John J. Blaine had one child,an adopted daughter who was Native American--... . ...Anna Blaine was a politician, too;...she and her husband worked closely with the La Follettes, and she and Belle Case La Follette were major forces in the NWP and clubwomen's successful campaign in 1921 in Wisconsin for the first ERA in the country.
...Their daughter, Helen Blaine Farris, whose mother was a Stockbridge-Munsee, had three daughters and eventually lived with one in Arizona, where she died in ???. ...Anna Blaine was a prominent clubwoman in a state with a significant Native American population, and more may be found in the archives of the Wisconsin Federation of Women's Clubs.... .
From Elaine Koerner firstname.lastname@example.org 05 Feb 1998
In response to your statement, "...woman's club culture" which emphasized respect for cultural diversity, environmental awareness, and responsibility for others in the community...", I offer the following thoughts: