Maternal Feminism Bibliography July 1996

Query From Heather L. Garrett 15 July 1996

I am revising a paper for publication and have been asked to include a more critical discussion of maternal feminism that reflects the kinds of questions feminist historians have posed regarding this issue. In this paper I am looking at the Needlepoint Guild of Canada. This is a voluntary organization that originated in England and then emerged in Canada in 1892. The women in this group collected clothing and goods to meet the needs of state-operated orphanages, hospitals, homes and charities. Does anyone know of any work ,preferably Canadian, with a contemporary discussion of maternal feminism which goes beyond the class critique and/or identifies the debates surrounding the use of this concept? I would appreciate any sources you could suggest as I am unfamiliar with this literature.


Berger, Carl The Writing of Canadian History: Aspects of English-Canadian Historical Writing Since 1900 2nd ed. (Toronto: Univ of Toronto Press), 213.

Black, Naomi Social Feminism

Bock, Gisela and Britain, Pat, eds Maternity and Gender Policies: Women and the Rise of the European Welfare States, 1880s -1950s

Brush, Lisa review essay in Signs (last Winter)

Conrad, Margaret "The Re-Birth of Canada's Past: A Decade of Women's History", Acadiensis 12, no. 2 (Spring 1983): 141-62..

Kornbluh, Felicia review essay in Feminist Studies (last issue)

Koven, Seth and Michel, Sonya "Womanly Duties: Maternalistic Policies and the Origins of Welfare States in France, Germany, Great Britain, and the United States, 1880-1920" AHR 95 (1990):1076-1108

Prentice, Alison, et al Canadian Women: A History (Toronto: HBJ, 1988), chaps. 7 & 8

Stewart, Lee " 'It's Up To You': Women at the UBC in the Early Years" (Vancouver: Univ. of British Columbia Press, 1990), 47.

Strong-Boag, Veronica "Introduction" in Times Like These, ed. Nellie L. McClung, 1915 (Reprint) (Toronto: Univ of Toronto Press, 1972)

" 'Ever A Crusader': Nellie McClung, First-wave Feminist," in Rethinking Canada: The Promise of Women's History (Toronto: Copp Clark Pitman, 1986), 178-90

Weiss, Gillian " 'As Women and as Citizens': Clubwomen in Vancouver 1910-1928," Ph.D. diss, Univ of British Columbia, 1983

Other Sources:

Journal of Women's History, Fall 1993 issue debate regarding the usefulness of maternalism as a paradigm

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