Female Telephone Operators Bibliography

Original Query From Lib Pruden lpruden@TSO.Cin.IX.net 02 June 1996

I hope someone can help me with a citation. I have a student doing an oral interview with an elderly great-aunt who once was a telephone operator, I believe in the 1920s-30s. I'm sure I've seen reference to a recent work on the telephone industry in general and female operator in particular. I've run out of places to look and wonder of anyone here is familiar with the work. Thanks in advance.


Cooper, Jill "Addressing Women's Health in the Workplace: The Medical Department at AT&T, 1911-1970"; Cooper is doctoral candidate at Rutgers History Dept.

Fischer, Claude America Calling: A Social History of the Telephone to 1940; Univ of Calif. Press, 1992

Goldmark, Josephine Fatigue in Industry: A Study in Industry; NY, Russell Sage Foundation, 1912

Green, Venus "The Impact of Technology upon Women's Work in the Telephone Industry, 18810-1989" Ph.D. dissertation, Columbia Univ, 1990

Greenwald, Maureen Women, War and Work

Helper, Allison "Women in Labor: Mothers, Medicine and Occupational Health, 1890-1980"; Ph.D dissertation, Temple Univ.

Lipartito, Ken "When Women Were Switches: Technology, Work and Gender in the Telephone Industry, 1890-1920"; American Historical Review, v.99 #4, October 1994, pp. 1075-1111

Martin, Michelle Hello, Central? :Gender, Technology, and Culture in the Formation of Telephone Systems (1991), McGill

Norwood, Stephen Labor's Flaming Youth: Telephone Operators and Workers Militancy, 1878-1923 Focus on operators in Butte,Montana; Urbana: U of Illinois Press, 1990 or 1991

Rakow, Lana Gender on the Line: Women, the Telephone and Community Life U of Illinois Press

Sangster, Joan "The 1907 Bell Telephone Strike: Organizing Women Workers"; Labour, 1978

Yung, Judy Unbound Feet

Possible contact: Ursala Nienhaus of FFBIZ, Danckelmannstr. 47/15, D-14059, Berlin, Germany. Did research work many years ago on history of female telephone operators.

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