Civil War Women As Men Bibliography (Feb 1996)

Original Query From Belle Sprague

I represent a group of junior high teachers who are seeking information about a woman( whom we THINK we've heard of, but whose name we don't remember!) who served on the Union side in the Civil War disguised as a male doctor. She apparently did lots of brave things, and was eventually awarded the Medal of Honor. The award was rescinded, however, when she was wounded and her gender was discovered. Pres. Carter(or perhaps Clinton?) reinstated the honor posthumously.

Is this story apocryphal, or can someone shed any further light on it? We would certainly appreciate anything you could tell us. Sincerely...


Burgess, Lauren Cook, ed. An Uncommon Soldier: The Civil War Letters of Sarah Rosetta Wakeman, alias Private Lyons Wakeman, 153rd Regiment, New York State Volunteers; ( Pasadena, MD, 1994; Oxford U. Press, 1996)

Clinton, Catherine & Silber, Nina, eds Divided Houses: Gender and the Civil War

Dannett, Sylvia She Rode with the Generals: The True and Incredible Story of Sarah Emma Seelye, Alias Franklin Thompson (T. Nelson, 1960)

Duberman, Martin; Vicinus, Martha; & Chauncey, Geo. Jr, eds: Hidden From History: Reclaiming the Gay & Lesbian Past; (Meridan [Penguin Books], 1989)

Edmonds, Sarah Emma Evelyn Nurse and Spy in the Union Army: Comprising the Adventures and Experiences of a Woman in Hospitals, Camps, and Battle-Fields; (W.S. Williams & Co., Hartford, CT, 1865; Philadelphia: Jones Bros., 1865, 384p) ALSO ISSUED under title Unsexed: or, The Female Soldier; and The Female Spy of the Union Army.

Fowler, William Woman on the Frontier (1876)

Leonard, Elizabeth Yankee Women: Gender Battles in the Civil War; (Norton, 1994)

Livermore Mary My Story of the War; (1888)

Moore, Frank Women of the War (1867)

Snyder, Charles McCool Dr. Mary Walker: The Little Lady in Pants ( reprint NY, Vantage Press 1962; reprint Arno Press, 1974)

Stanton, Elizabeth Cady; Anthony, Susan B.;& Gage, Matilda Joslyn.,eds; History of Woman's Suffrage (reprint ed. Salem, N.H.: Ayer, 1985, 6 v.)

Wheelwright, Julie Amazons and Military Maids: Women Who Dressed As Men in Pursuit of Life, Liberty and Happiness (Pandora, 1989)

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