Women as Civil War Spies Bibliography

Query From Carol Loats loats@uscolo.edu 23 Feb 1998

Many thanks to those who keep this list going, by running it and by sending messages.

I am one of those European and world historians who knows very little about US history. A student of mine is interested in learning more about women who functioned as spies during the US Civil War. She has heard something about a Union side woman whose husband was killed, and the woman worked as a spy. My student is interested in women on either side, and how to find out more about them. Any help would be appreciated.


Bakeless, John. Spies of the Confederacy. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company, 1970.

Clinton, Catherine _Tara Revisited_; also _Divided Houses_see article by Lyde Sizer of Sarah Lawrence College

Conrad, Earl book on Harriet Tubman

Edmonds, Sarah Emma. Unsexed: or, The Female Soldier. Philadelphia: Philadelphia Publishing Company, 1865. (Subsequent editions were titled: Nurse and Spy in the Union Army: Comprising the Adventures and Experiences of a Woman in Hospitals, Camps and Battle-fields).

Faust, Drew Gilpin _Mothers of Invention_

Galbraith, William and Loretta, Eds. _A Lost Heroine of the Confederacy_(Jackson: U Press of Mississippi, 1990).Letters and diaries of Belle Edmondson (1861-1864).

Jones, Katherine M. Ladies in Richmond. Indianapolis: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Inc., 1962.

Markle, Donald E. _Spies and Spymasters of the Civil War_ (Hippocrene Books, 1994).

Massey, Mary Elizabeth. "Risked Everything," Bonnet Brigades. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1966: pp. 87-107.

Moore, Frank. Women of the War; their Heroism and Self-sacrifice. Chicago: S.S. Scranton & Co., 1866.

        'Miss Major Pauline Cushman':  170-175
        'Women as Soldiers':  529-535

Pinkerton, Allen. The Spy of the Rebellion; Being a True History of the Spy System of the US Army during the Late Rebellion. Chicago: A.G. Nettleton & Company, Publishers, 1883.

Rowan, Richard Wilmer. The Story of the Secret Service. New York: The Literary Guild of America, Inc., 1938.

Sarmiento, Ferdinand L. Life of Pauline Cushman: Celebrated Union Spy and Scout. Philadelphia: J.E. Potter, 1865.

Sheridan, P.H. _Personal Memoirs of P.H. Sheridan_(NY: Chas. L. Webster & Co., 1888). Detailed account of help from Rebecca Wright

Sigaud, Louis A. "Mrs. Greenhow and the Rebel Spy Ring," _Maryland Historical Magazine_, Sept. 1946.

Tubman, Harriet Works of

Butler, Benjamin F. To E.M. Stanton. War of the Rebellion: Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Series I, vol xxxiii, p. 519-521.

Other Suggestions:

Biographies of Belle Boyd, Rose O'Neal Greenhow, and Pauline Cushman

Contact Selene Harding Curd Weise at drselene@aol.com for oral history on her great aunt and uncle's role in the Civil War.

Other books of interest: _Patriots in Disguise_, _The Woman In Battle: The Civil Ware Narrative of Loreta Janeta Velazquez, _Swindler, Spy, and Rebel_ and _Bonnet Brigades_.

The Diary of Belle Edmondson, Southern Historical Collection, U of North Carolina contact Dr.Richard Shrader,reference archivist.
e-mail: rashrade@mailserv0.isis.unc.edu

See also H-Women website for bibliographies and discussion threads on Women in the Civil War, Women in the War as Men, et al. URL is http://h-net.msu.edu/