THE ETHNOGRAPHY OF EUROPE (ANTH 237)
Department of Anthropology, University of Regina
Instructor: Dr. Gedis Lankauskas
Office location and hours: CL 306.4, Mondays 1:30-3pm, or by appointment
Class location and time: Mondays, Wednesdays, Fridays; CL 417, 10:30am-11:20am
Teaching Assistant: TBA
This introductory course will explore the ethnographic study of
contemporary Europe. While the principal focus will be on the
Mediterranean region, other parts of Europe will also be examined
through close reading of recent ethnographic texts produced by
We will learn how gender is defined in Spanish
bullfights and in Greek rural economies, how social class is asserted
in Cypriot urban weddings, and how national identities are redefined in
the expanding European Union. We will also delve into issues concerning
ethnicity and will attempt to understand what it means to be Muslim in
today’s France, or to belong to the Roma (“Gypsy”)
minority in postsocialist Eastern Europe. Lectures and in-class
discussions will be illustrated with slides and ethnographic films.
As a text, we will use Europe in the Anthropological Imagination
(EAI) by S. Parman, ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1998.
This volume is available on reserve at the Archer library (LR) and can
be purchased at the University bookstore (BS).
In addition to EAI, we will use several e-journal articles (eJAs), all
of which are available on line. They can be easily accessed via the
library website on campus or at home. If you are unsure how to access
eJAs, ask for assistance at the library.
As well, several books and photocopied chapters will be on reserve at the library.
I strongly urge you to begin reading well in advance of each class. I
will announce in class and on the course website (on WebCT) if there
are any changes in the reading assignments. It is your responsibility
to keep track of any such changes. Your knowledge and comprehension of
the readings will be tested in writing and during our weekly
discussions throughout the course.
The readings and lectures will be illustrated with several films. Each
screening will be followed by a question period and discussion. The
students’ knowledge of the films will be tested in writing. PLEASE NOTE: The films will be shown only once and will not be available on reserve at the library for independent viewing.
Each student will choose an ethnography exploring some aspect of Europe
and will critically review it, using at least six (6) readings assigned
in this course. You may pick one of the ethnographies listed on pp.
6-7, or review a monograph of your choice (must be approved by the
Your essay should be approximately 10-12 double-spaced pages exclusive
of bibliography. Non-scholarly web-based resources (institutional and
personal websites, webpages, blogs, etc.) must not constitute more than
20% of the essay bibliography. You must use the AAA/Chicago citation
style in your essay (guidelines on WebCT). POSITIVELY NO WIKIPEDIA!
Your essay should demonstrate that you:
- have read the ethnography you have selected for review and that you are familiar with its content and key argument(s);
- are able to link your review to the themes, theories, concepts, etc., covered in the course;
- capable of formulating and presenting your critical insights and
argument(s) in a coherent, logical, and grammatical narrative. YOUR ESSAY MUST HAVE AN ARGUMENT!
- cite in a consistent manner.
A tutorial has been scheduled in this course to help you with this assignment.
I’d be happy to give you feedback on early drafts of your paper.
Submit your draft at least one week before the paper is due in class on
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 3 (see box below for strict deadline policies).
Each student will prepare a brief report (no longer than 5 minutes) on
the ethnography he or she is planning to review for the final essay.
The student will present the report at the
“mini-conference” during Weeks 13 and 14. The schedule with
the presenters’ names will be finalized during Week 10.
Your participation is very important in this course! You are expected
to attend all classes, to ask questions, to engage in debate with the
instructor and your fellow students, to offer critical and constructive
commentary on the assigned readings, and to be otherwise actively
involved. Your absence or passive presence will be noticed!
Test One 20 %
Test Two 20 %
Review Essay 40%
VERY IMPORTANT! READ THIS CAREFULLY!
Written assignments WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED after the established due date,
unless the instructor receives valid documentation as proof of illness or other
serious reason for late submission.
There are no makeup assignments in this course! The final grade is comprised of the four components listed above.
No email submissions please! Hard copies only!
CHEATING AND PLAGIARISM WILL NOT BE TOLERATED and will be handled in strict
accordance with the Protocol of the University of Regina; please see Section 5.14 of the
Calendar and http://www.uregina.ca/arts/plag/studwhatisplag.htm; on how to avoid
plagiarism refer to http://www.uregina.ca/arts/plag/stuavoid.htm
LECTURE TOPICS, READINGS, AND FILMS
WEEK 1 SEPTEMBER
Wednesday 3 Introduction to the course
Friday 5 What is the ethnography of Europe?
Introduction, pp. 1-16.
EAI, Chapter 13, The Meaning of “Europe” in the American Anthropologist, pp. 169-196 (LR, BS).
The Ethnography of “the Mediterranean”
Goddard, V., Llobera, J., and Shore, C.,
1996 Introduction: The Anthropology of Europe. In The Anthropology of Europe: Identities and Boundaries in Conflict. Goddard, V., et al., eds., pp. 1-40. Oxford: Berg. (LR)
1986 Fieldwork in Southwestern Europe. In Critique of Anthropology 6(2):25-33. (eJA)
M15 What is gender?
1984 “Toro Muerte, Vaca Es”: An Interpretation of the Spanish Bullfight. In American Ethnologist 11(2):242-258. (eJA)
Chapter 2. Europe through the Back Door, pp. 34-45;
Chapter 3. Bringing the “Other” to the “Self”, pp. 46-59.
1986 The Poetics of Manhood : Contest and Identity in a Cretan Mountain Village. Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press; Ch. 1, The Poetics of Manhood, pp. 3-50 (LR).
Chapter 4. Europe on Film, pp. 60-69 (AEI).
Film Dhiava: Autumn Journey (Greece), Hope, D., 50 mins., 1999.
Religion and ritual
F3 Defining religion and ritual
1982 The Death Rituals of Rural Greece. Princeton: Princeton University Press; Ch. 3, Death as Passage, pp. 35-70. (LR)
Film Semana Santa in Seville (Spain). Flannery, M., Yellow Cat Production, 52 mins., 1995.
Kinship and Marriage
1997 From Duty to Desire: Remaking Families in a Spanish
Village. Princeton: Princeton University Press; Ch.1, Social
Inequality: From Inherited Property to Occupational Achievement, pp.
M13 THANKSGIVING. NO CLASS!
W15 Catch-up, discussion and review.
F17 <<< TEST ONE
Social distinction and class
M20 Defining class
1996 Tradition and Modernity in the Mediterranean: The Wedding as Symbolic Struggle. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Ch. 5, Distinction and Symbolic Class Struggle, pp. 111-152. (LR)
Chapter 1. Strangers in a Crowded Field, pp. 17-33. (EAI)
1996 Champagne and Chocolate: “Taste” and Inversion in a French Wedding Ritual. In American Anthropologist 98(4):750-761. (eJA)
W29 What is ethnicity?
1997 The Time of the Gypsies. Boulder, CO: Westview Press; Ch. 12, pp. 204-231. (LR)
Film Suspino: A Cry for Roma, by Gillian Darling-Kovanic, 50 mins., 2003.
2006 Why the French Don't Like Headscarves: Islam, the State, and Public Space. Princeton: Princeton University Press; Ch. 4, pp. 65-97. (LR)
F7 Essay tutorial
Nationalism and the European Union
M10 What is nationalism?
1990 The Sardana: Catalan Dance and Catalan National Identity. In Journal of American Folklore 103(407):24-41. (eJA)
2000 Creating the People’s Europe: Symbols, History, and Invented Traditions. In Building Europe: The Cultural Politics of European Integration, Chapter 2, pp., 40-65. New York: Routledge. (LR)
Film Whose is this Song? By Adela Peeva, DER, 50 mins., 2003.
W19 Catch-up and review
F21 <<< TEST TWO >>>
M24, W26, F28 Presentations
WEEK 14 DECEMBER
M1 Presentations (continued)
W3 Concluding discussion
<<< Essay due in class >>>
Suggestions for review
1986 Santa María del Monte: The Presence of the Past in a Spanish Village. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
1974 The Mafia of a Sicilian Village, 1860-1960: A Study of Violent Peasant Entrepreneurs. Oxford: Blackwell.
1975 Migration, Kinship, and Community: Tradition and Transition in a Spanish Village. New York: Academic Press.
1992 Moving Crucifixes in Modern Spain. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
1991 Women of the Praia: Work and Lives in a Portuguese Coastal Community. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
1987 The People of the Plain: Class and Community in Lower Andalusia. New York: Columbia University Press.
--. 1987 Aggression and Community: Paradoxes of Andalusian Culture. New Haven: Yale University Press.
2005 Notes from the Balkans: Locating Marginality and Ambiguity on the Greek-Albanian Border. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
1997 Portrait of a Greek imagination: An Ethnographic Biography of Andreas Nenedakis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
--. 1991 A place in History: Social and Monumental Time in a Cretan Town. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Keaton, Trica Danielle
2006 Muslim Girls And the Other France: Race, Identity Politics, and Social Exclusion. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
2004 Greek Island Life: Fieldwork in Anafi. London: Routledge.
Kenny, M. and Kertzer, D., eds.
1983 Urban life in Mediterranean Europe: Anthropological Perspectives. Urbana-Champaign: University of Illinois Press.
2004 For the Love of Women: Gender Identity and Same-Sex Relations in a Greek Provincial Town. London: Routledge.
1990 Passional Culture: Emotion, Religion, and Society in Southern Spain. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
1977 Those of the Street: The Catholic Jews of Mallorca. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press.
1971 The People of the Sierra. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
1995 Education and Identity in Rural France: The Politics of Schooling. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
2004 Algeria in France: Transpolitics, Race, and Nation. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
2006 Rebordering the Mediterranean: Boundaries and Citizenship in Southern Europe. New York: Berghahn
1998 Memories Cast in Stone: The Relevance of the Past in Everyday Life. Oxford: Berg.
Wylie, Laurence William
2005 Village in the Vaucluse. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.