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Pamela H. Smith <email@example.com>
1180 Amsterdam Ave., Fayerweather Hall
New York, New York 10027
|List Affiliations:||Advisory Board Member for H-HRE
|Interests:||History of Science, Medicine, and Technology
THE JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY, Baltimore, Maryland (1983-1990)
Ph.D., May 1991. Department of the History of Science.
Dissertation: "Alchemy, Credit, and the Commerce of Words and Things: Johann Joachim Becher at the Courts of the Holy Roman Empire, 1635-82." Adviser: Owen Hannaway. Second reader: Mack Walker.
UNIVERSITY OF WOLLONGONG, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia (1976-79)
B.A. First Class Honors, November 1979. Major: History and Philosophy of Science.
2000-present: Margaret and Edwin F. Hahn Professor in the Social Sciences, Associate Professor of History, Pomona College, Claremont, California. Courses in early modern European history, German history, and history of science.
1996-2003: Director of European Studies, Claremont Graduate University
1992-2003 (except when on leave): Chair, Science, Technology and Society Program of the Claremont Colleges
1997-present: Associate Professor, Department of History, Pomona College
1990-1997: Assistant Professor, Department of History, Pomona College
1984-86: Teaching Assistant, Department of History of Science, Johns Hopkins University
FELLOWSHIPS AND GRANTS
2005: NSF Grant #SES-0444302 for Conference on "Ways of Making and Knowing: The Material Culture of Empirical Knowledge,” London 11-15 July 2005.
2004: NSF Grant #SES-0347223 for Conference on “Inventive intersections: Sites, Artifacts and the Rise of Modern Science and Technology,” Amsterdam 22-24 September 2004.
2004: Co-organizer, Mellon Faculty Seminar on “Science and the Islamic World,” Pomona College, fall semester
2003-04: Andrew Mellon Foundation New Directions Fellowship for research at the Victoria and Albert Museum, London
2003: Andrew Mellon Foundation Summer Research Grant, Mellon 8 Grant, Pomona College
2002: NEH Research Assistance Grant, Pomona College
Summer 2001: Co-Director, NEH Summer Institute for College and University Teachers, “Experience and Experiment in Early Modern Europe,” Folger Shakespeare Library, Washington, D.C.
2000-2001: Getty Research Institute Scholar
Summer 2000: Visiting Fellow, Downing College, Cambridge
1999: NEH Research Assistance Grant, Pomona College
1997-98: John S. Guggenheim Fellow
National Endowment for the Humanities Research Fellowship
Sidney M. Edelstein International Fellowship for research in the history of chemistry
1997: NEH Research Assistance Grant, Pomona College
1996: Irvine Grant for Curriculum Development, Pomona College
NEH Research Assistance Grant, Pomona College
1994-95: Fellow, Wissenschaftskolleg - Institute of Advanced Study, Berlin
1993-94: Steele Fellowship Research Leave, Pomona College
1992: Pew Liberal Arts Enrichment Program Grant, Pomona College
NEH Research Assistance Grant, Pomona College
1989: Long & Widmont Memorial Foundation Award for Graduate Research
1986-88: German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) Graduate Research Fellowship, Munich, Germany
1988: Deutsches Museum Forschungsinstitut Research Fellowship for research at the Deutsches Museum, Munich
1985: Frederick C. Lane Fellow, Advanced Program in Comparative European History, Villa Spelman, Johns Hopkins University, Florence, Italy
DAAD Summer Language Scholarship, Bremen, Germany
1983-85, 88-90: Graduate Fellowships, Department of History of Science, Johns Hopkins University
HONORS AND AWARDS
2003-04: Andrew Mellon Foundation New Directions Fellowship
2000-2001: Getty Research Institute Scholar
1997-98: John S. Guggenheim Fellow
1995: Pfizer Prize for The Business of Alchemy awarded for best book of the year by the History of Science Society.
1994-95: Fellow, Wissenschaftskolleg - Institute of Advanced Study, Berlin.
Knowledge and Its Making in Early Modern Europe: Objects, Texts, Practices, and Ideas, co-edited with Benjamin Schmidt, under review.
The Body of the Artisan: Art and Experience in the Scientific Revolution, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004.
Merchants and Marvels: Commerce, Science and Art in Early Modern Europe, co-edited with Paula Findlen, New York: Routledge, 2002. This volume of eighteen essays examines representations of nature produced by artists and scientists in Europe from the fifteenth to the eighteenth centuries and their connections to the new commercial economy.
The Business of Alchemy: Science and Culture in the Holy Roman Empire, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994. Winner of the 1995 Pfizer Prize for best book in the history of science.
“Introduction,” Knowledge and Its Making in Early Modern Europe, with Benjamin Schmidt, under review.
“Artisanal Knowledge and the Representation of Nature in Sixteenth-Century Germany,” The Art and History of Botanical and Natural History Treatises, ed. Therese O’Malley and Amy Meyers (Washington D.C., The National Gallery Center for the Advanced Study of the Visual Arts, forthcoming).
“Laboratories,” The Cambridge History of Science, Vol. 3: Early Modern Europe, ed. Lorraine Daston and Katharine Park (Cambridge University Press, forthcoming).
“Introduction: Commerce and the Representation of Nature in Science and Art,” in Merchants and Marvels, ed. Pamela H. Smith and Paula Findlen, pp. 1-25.
“Splendor in the Grass: The Powers of Nature and Art in the Age of Dürer,” with Larry Silver, in Merchants and Marvels, pp. 29-62.
“Giving Voice to the Hands: The Articulation of Material Literacy in the Sixteenth Century,” Popular Literacy: Studies in Cultural Practices and Poetics, ed. John Trimbur, University of Pittsburgh Press, 2001, pp. 74-93.
“Vital Spirits: Alchemy, Redemption, and Artisanship in Early Modern Europe,” in Rethinking the Scientific Revolution, ed. Margaret J. Osler, Cambridge University Press, 2000, pp. 119-135.
“Artists as Scientists: Nature and Realism in Early Modern Europe,” Endeavour, 24 (2000): 13-21.
“Science and Taste: Painting, the Passions, and the New Philosophy in Seventeenth-century Leiden,” Isis, 90 (1999): 420-461.
"Alchemy as a Language of Mediation at the Habsburg Court," Isis, 85 (1994): 1-25.
"Chemistry and Commerce: Johann Joachim Becher at the Elector's Court in Munich," in Johann Joachim Becher (1635-1682), ed. Gotthardt Frühsorge and Gerhard F. Strasser, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1993, pp. 143-158.
"Curing the Body Politic: Chemistry and Commerce at Court, 1664-1670," in Patronage and Institutions: Science, Technology, and Medicine at the European Court, 1500-1750, ed. Bruce Moran, Suffolk: Boydell, 1991, pp. 195-209.
"Paracelsus as Emblem," Essay Review, Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 68 (1994): 314-322.
"Consumption and Credit: The Place of Alchemy in Johann Joachim Becher's Political Economy," Alchemy Revisited, ed. Z.R.W.M. von Martels, Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1990, pp. 143-158.
Entry on “Georgius Agricola,” The World from Here: Treasures of the Great Libraries of Los Angeles, Exhibit Catalogue, The Hammer Museum, Los Angeles, 2001.
Entries on “J.J. Becher” (pp. 77-78); “Laboratories” (pp. 351-353), The Scientific Revolution: An Encyclopedia, ed. Wilbur Applebaum, Garland Publishing, 2000.
Entries on "J.J. Becher" (pp. 75-77); "Fürstenalchemie" (140-143); "Hermetik" (176-177); "J. Kunckel" (202-205), Encyclopedie der Alchemie, ed. Claus Priesner and Karin Figala, Munich: C.H. Beck, 1998.
Entry "J.J. Becher," Literatur Lexikon. Autoren und Werke deutscher Sprache, vol. 1., ed. Walther Killy, Munich: Bertelsmann Lexikon Verlag, 1988, pp. 363-365.
Volker Fritz Brüning, Bibliographie der alchemistischen Literatur. Band 1: Die alchemistischen Druckwerke von der Erfindung der Buchdruckerkunst bis zum Jahr 1690 (Munich, 2004), British Journal for the History of Science (BJHS), forthcoming.
Lorraine Daston and Fernando Vidal (eds.), The Moral Authority of Nature (Chicago, 2004) Isis, forthcoming.
Stanton J. Linden (ed.), The Alchemy Reader: From Hermes Trismegistus to Isaac Newton (Cambridge UP, 2003), BJHS, forthcoming.
David Freedberg, The Eye of the Lynx: Galileo, His Friends, and the Beginnings of Modern Natural History (Chicago, 2002), Print Quarterly, 21 (2004): 461-63.
Rudolph Gamper and Thomas Hofmeier, Das Alchemiehandbuch des Appenzeller Wundarztes Ulrich Ruosch (Schwabe, 2002), BJHS, 37 (2004): 348-49.
William R. Newman and Lawrence M. Principe, Alchemy Tried in the Fire: Starkey, Boyle, and the Fate of Helmontian Chemistry (Chicago, 2002), American Historical Review, 109 (2004): 244-45.
Helen Watanabe-O’Kelly, Court Culture in Dresden (Palgrave, 2002), Central European History (CEH), forthcoming.
Lyndy Abraham, A Dictionary of Alchemical Imagery (Cambridge UP, 1998) and Hans-Werner Schütt, Auf der Suche nach dem Stein der Weisen: Die Geschichte der Alchemie (Munich, 2000), BJHS, 35 (2002): 354-56.
Veerle Fraeters, Gods gouden thesaurus. Het Middelnederlandse handschrift Wenen, ÖNB 2372 in de alchemistische traditie (Peeters, 1999), Speculum, 77 (2002): 1286-88.
Lorraine Daston, Katharine Park, Wonders and the Order of Nature (Zone, 1998), Configurations, 8 (2000): 419-23.
John T. Young, Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (Ashgate, 1998), Bulletin for the History of Medicine (BHM), 74 (2000): 359-60.
Ole Peter Grell, ed., Paracelsus (Brill, 1998), BHM, 74 (2000): 157-58.
Oswaldus Crollius, Alchemomedizinische Briefe 1585 bis 1597, ed. and trans. by W. Kühlmann and Joachim Telle (Stuttgart, 1998), BHM, 74 (2000): 155-56.
Anthony Grafton, The Footnote (Harvard UP, 1997), Journal of American History, (1999): 1312-13.
Wolfgang Behringer, Shaman of Oberstdorf (U. of Virginia Pr., 1998), CEH, 33 (2000).
Lawrence M. Principe, The Aspiring Adept (Princeton UP, 1998), Early Science and Medicine, 4 (1999): 264-65.
Edward Muir, Ritual in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge UP, 1997), CEH, 31 (1998): 430-32.
Andrew Weeks, Paracelsus (SUNY Pr., 1997), BHM, 72 (1998): 323-24.
Edward G. Ruestow, The Microscope in the Dutch Republic (Cambridge UP, 1996), Technology and Culture, 39 (1998): 762-64.
Antoine Faivre, The Golden Fleece and Alchemy (SUNY Pr., 1993), International Journal of the Classical Tradition, 4 (1997): 7-9.
Stanton J. Linden, Darke Hierogliphicks: Alchemy in English Literature from Chaucer to the Restoration (U. Pr. of Kentucky, 1996), Isis, 88 (1997): 705-706.
Gareth Roberts, The Mirror of Alchemy (British Library, 1995), BHM, 71 (1997): 339-340.
William R. Newmann, Gehennical Fire (Harvard UP, 1994), BHM, 70 (1996): 709-710.
Samuel J. Klingensmith, The Utility of Splendor (Chicago UP, 1993), CEH, 29 (1996): 239-40.
Benno Parthier, Die Leopoldina: Bestand und Wandel der ältesten deutschen Akademie (Halle, 1994), Annals of Science, 53 (1996): 304-305.
Anthony Pagden, European Encounters with the New World (Yale UP, 1993) and Louis De Vorsey, Jr., Keys to the Encounter (Library of Congress, 1992), Isis, 86 (1995): 638-640.
William Chester Jordan, Women and Credit in Pre-Industrial and Developing Societies (U. Penn Press, 1993), Women's Studies, 24 (1995): 281-85.
Thomas Kaufmann, The Mastery of Nature: Aspects of Art, Science, and Humanism in the Renaissance (Princeton UP, 1993), American Scientist, 82 (1994): 275-76.
Udo Benzenhöfer, ed., Paracelsus (Darmstadt, 1993), BHM, 68 (1994):516-517.
Jost Weyer, Graf Wolfgang II. von Hohenlohe und die Alchemie: Alchemistische Studien in Schloss Weikersheim, 1587-1610. (Sigmaringen, 1992), Isis 85 (1994): 509-510.
Albert Krayer, Mathematik im Studienplan der Jesuiten: Die Vorlesung von Otto Cattenius an der Universität Mainz (1610/11). (Stuttgart, 1991), Isis, 85 (1994): 327-28.
Bruce T. Moran, Chemical Pharmacy Enters the University (Madison, 1991) and The Alchemical World of the German Court (Sudhoffs Archiv, 1991), BHM, 66 (1992): 654-56.
Christoph Meinel, ed., Die Alchemie in der europäischen Kultur- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte (Wiesbaden, 1986), BHM, 64 (1990): 303-305.
Panelist, “Art and Science,” Odyssey (an hour-long live discussion of culture and society), Chicago Public Radio, 3 April 2002.
Interview on Dr. F. Sylvius (1614-1672) in the documentary, “The Science and Art of Dr. Sylvius,” Radio Netherlands, 2000.
Interview on A & E television special, “Alchemy,” 1997.
Advisory Editor and Contributor to Folger Institute website for Experience and Experiment in Early Modern Europe http://www.folger.edu/institute/experience/index.htm
2004: “Making as Knowing: Craft as Natural Philosophy,” at “The Making of Materials: Science and Technology in the 17th and 18th centuries,” Max Planck Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Berlin, 10-11 December.
“The ‘Philosophy of Laborers’: Scenes from the Early Modern Workshop,” Academy of Sciences of The Netherlands, Amsterdam 22-24 September.
“Butter and Mercury: Towards a history of artisanal knowledge in early modern Europe,” Institute for Historical Research, London, 25 May.
“Vision, Representation, and Artisanal Practice in Early Modern Europe,” Centre for Research in the Arts, Social Sciences, and Humanities, University of Cambridge, 14 May.
“Butter and Mercury: Towards a history of tacit knowledge,” Manchester University, 27 April.
“Matter and Mind: Early Modern Artisans, Material Culture and the Production of Knowledge,” University of Cambridge, 26 February.
2003: “Natural Knowledge and the Experience of Dreams in Early Modern Europe,” Program in the Study of the Imagination, Northwestern University, 7 December.
“Collecting Nature: Knowledge and Naturalism in the early modern Kunstkammer,” Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, Ohio State University, 3 December 2003.
“Early Modern Artisans, Material Culture, and the Production of Knowledge,” Victoria and Albert Museum, 4 November.
“Toward a History of Vernacular Science: Early Modern Artisans, Material Culture, and the Production of Knowledge,” UCLA History of Science Colloquium, 21 April.
“Towards a History of Vernacular Science: Early Modern Artisans, Material Culture, and the Production of Knowledge,” Early Modern Studies Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 25 January.
2002: “Artisanal Knowledge and the Representation of Nature in Sixteenth-Century Germany,” Center for the Advanced Study of the Visual Arts, The National Gallery, Washington, DC, 3 May.
“The Philosophy of Laborers: Artisanal Knowledge of Nature,” Historians of Netherlandish Art, Antwerp, 14 March.
2001: Keynote Speaker, Claremont Early Modern Studies Symposium, CGU, 17 March. “The Body of the Artisan: Vernacular Epistemology and the Scientific Revolution.”
“Material Experience: The Role of Artisans in the Rise of Experimental Science,” University of Maastricht, The Netherlands, January 26.
“The Artisanal Body: Narrating Bodily Knowledge in Early Modern Europe,” American Historical Association, Boston, January 7.
2000: “The Body of the Artisan: Vernacular Epistemology and the Scientific Revolution,” Harvard University History of Science, March 7.
“Vernacular Epistemology and the Scientific Revolution,” Southern California Colloquium in the History of Science, Medicine and Technology, UCLA, January 22.
1999: “Artisans, Alchemists, and the Scientific Revolution,” Symposium on Chemists and Texts, Chemical Heritage Foundation, Philadelphia, April 24.
“The Body of the Artisan: Science, Art, and the Senses in Early Modern Europe,” Johns Hopkins University History of Science, Medicine and Technology, April 22.
“Science and Taste: The New Philosophy and Painting in Leiden,” The Culture of Exchange, University of Pennsylvania, March.
“Science, Art, and the Senses,” Annual Historical Studies Lecturer, Richard Stockton College, New Jersey, March.
“Science and Art in Early Modern Europe,” California Institute of Technology, February.
“The Body of the Artisan: Material Experience in the Scientific Revolution,” UCSD, February.
1998: “The Body of the Artisan: Art, Science, and Nature in Early Modern Europe,” The Getty Research Institute, December.
“Science and Taste: The Passions and the Senses in Seventeenth-Century Europe,” Hebrew University, Jerusalem, June.
“Bodily Encounters: Science and Material Experience in Early Modern Europe,” Rutgers University, Newark, April.
“Nature and the Senses: Hermeticism and Empiricism in the Scientific Revolution,” Einstein Forum, Berlin, March 10.
“Science, Art, and the Senses,” Cohen Institute, Tel Aviv University, January 26.
1997: “Carnal Knowledge: Science, Art, and the Senses in Early Modern Europe,” University of Pennsylvania, March 22.
1996: “Depicting Nature: Realism in Art and Science,” New Directions in Early Modern Culture and Society, Clark Library, Los Angeles, December 7.
“Scholars, Scientists, Merchants, and Kings: Kunstkammer in the Making of Social Status in Early Modern Europe,” Internationales Forschungszentrum Kulturwissenschaften, Vienna, November 29.
1995: "Painting, Science, and Modernity in Seventeenth-Century Leiden," Art History Dept., Technische Universität, Berlin, June 20.
"Art, Artisanship, and Alchemy in Northern Europe," Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Berlin, June 14.
“Representing Nature: Artistic Realism and Artisanal Self-Consciousness in Seventeenth-Century Europe," Historisches Institut, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, June 12.
"Art, Alchemy, and Redemption in Northern Renaissance Europe," Natural Philosophy and the Disciplines in the Renaissance, Dibner Institute, MIT, May 4-7.
"The Authority of Natural Philosophy at the Early Modern Noble Court," Doing is Believing: Credibility and Practice in Science, Cornell University, April 21-24.
"The House that Sylvius Built: Painting, the New Philosophy, and Modernity in Seventeenth-Century Leiden, or, The Ivory Lathe in the Attic," Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin, March 21.
1991-94: "Giving Voice to the Hands: An Artisanal Worldview in the Scientific Revolution?" Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science, Göttingen, December 6.
"The Authority of Scholars and the Practice of Artisans: Natural Philosophy and Technology at the Early Modern Noble Court," Conference on Technological Change, Oxford, 1993.
"Between Words and Things: Natural Knowledge and Noble Society in Early Modern Europe,” Univ. of California, Davis.
"Theory, Practice, and Experimental Etiquette: The German Courts in the Seventeenth Century," Workshop on Civility, Court Society and Scientific Discourse: Reframing the Scientific Revolution, Clark Library, November 1991.
"Natural Philosophy in 1669: Alchemy and Sugar; Curiosities and Colonies," Univ. of California, San Diego, 1991.
OTHER SELECTED LECTURES
Comment, “Trading Knowledge: Art and Science in the Renaissance,” Renaissance Society of America meeting, Toronto, 2003.
“The Five Senses,” organizer and speaker, panel discussion, Frühe Neuzeit Interdisziplinär, Pittsburgh, 2001.
“Nature, Naturalism, Natural Philosophy: Artisans and Realism in Early Modern Europe,” History of Science Society (HSS), Kansas City, 1998.
Comment, “Capitalism and Science in Early Modern Europe,” HSS, San Diego, 1997.
Comment, “Gender and Science,” Clark Library, March 1994.
"The Erasure of the Artisan in Seventeenth-Century Natural Philosophy," HSS, Washington D.C., 1992.
"The Promise of Ars: The Seventeenth-Century Search for a Theory of Practice," Society for the History of Technology, Uppsala, Sweden, 1992.
"Science and Symbols: Alchemical Transmutation at the Habsburg Court in Vienna," Renaissance Society of America, Stanford University, 1992.
"Coining Reputations: The Financing of Social Credit at the Court of Emperor Leopold I," American Historical Association, Chicago, 1991.
"Curing the Body Politic: Johann Joachim Becher and Commerce at the Bavarian Electoral Court," International Congress for the History of Science, Hamburg and Munich, August 1989.
"Consumption and Credit: The Place of Alchemy in Johann Joachim Becher's Political Economy," Conference on the History of Alchemy, University of Groningen, The Netherlands, April 1989.
"Chemie und Politik bei Johann Joachim Becher," Deutsches Museum, Munich, February 1987.
“Ways of Making and Knowing: The Material Culture of Empirical Knowledge,” co-organizer with Amy Meyers (Yale Center for British Art) and Hal Cook (Wellcome Institute), to be held at the British Museum, Kew Gardens, The Natural History Museum, London, The Victoria and Albert Museum, and Painshill Park, London, 11-15 July 2005.
“Early Modern Metalworking and Alchemy,” V&A Research Department Study Day, Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 23 June 2004.
“Knowledge and its Making in Northern Europe 1500-1800,” Westergaard Workshop, Pomona College, April 11-12, 2003
“The Hermetic Imagination in the 17th and 18th Centuries,” Clark Library, Los Angeles, October 4-5, 2001.
“Biotechnology and Beyond,” co-organizor with the STS senior seminar, Claremont Colleges, February 18-19, 2000.
“Commerce and the Representation of Nature in Early Modern Europe,” Clark Library, Los Angeles, October 2-3, 1999.
“Chemists and Texts: A Symposium in the History of Chemistry in Honor of Owen Hannaway,” Chemical Heritage Foundation, Philadelphia, April 24, 1999.
Organizer, 1998 Ena H. Thompson Lectureship, Pomona College (Prof. Lynn Hunt, “The French Revolution and Human Rights”)
“Mastery of Nature, Mastery of the World: Science and Power,” West Coast History of Science Society Annual Meeting, The Claremont Colleges, April 12-13, 1997.
“Nature and Natural Philosophers,” New Directions in the Study of Early Modern Culture and Society, Clark Library, Los Angeles, December 6-7, 1996, co-organizer.
American Historical Association
American Association for Netherlandic Studies
History of Science Society
Historians of Netherlandish Art
West Coast History of Science Society
Frühe Neuzeit Interdisziplinär
British Association for the History of Science
Renaissance Society of America
Society for the History of Technology
Historical Metallurgy Society
Executive Council, American Historical Association, 2004-2006 (elected position)
Research Committee, American Historical Association, 2005-2006
Executive Council, Society for Austrian and Habsburg History, 2003-2009
Osiris Editorial Board 2000-2004
History of Science Society Executive Council 2000-2002 (elected position)
History of Science Society Nominating Committee 2000-2001 (elected position)
Committee on Education, History of Science Society 2000-2002, Chair 2001-2002
Nominator, MacArthur Foundation, 2001.
Isis Editorial Board 1997-2000
Gershoy Prize Committee, American Historical Association 1996-98
President, West Coast History of Science Society, 1997
Reviewer of mss. for Cambridge University Press, University of Pennsylvania Press, Johns Hopkins University Press, University of Chicago Press, Harvard University Press, Yale University Press.
Grant reviewer, NSF, 1994-present
NSF Panelist for SES/STS grants, 2003
Fellowship application reviewer, ACLS, 2000, 2002
Associated Faculty, Clark Library, Los Angeles