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Charles Chatfield <email@example.com>
Wittenberg University, emeritus
Historic peace, antiwar, and internationalist movements, primarily of US.
Presently engaged in historiographical interpretation of the historical literature on the antiwar movement during the Vietnam War; in a history of SODEPAX, the Society for Development and Peace of the World Council of Churches and the Roman Catholic Church in the 1970s; and in an interpretation of the historic peace movement as central player in the historical development of transnational social change societies and a global citizenry.
|Address:||2707 Rebecca Drive
Springfield, Ohio 45503
|Fax Number:||937 327 6043|
|List Affiliations:||Advisory Board Member for H-Peace
|Interests:||American History / Studies
Diplomacy and International Relations
H. Orth Hirt Professor of History Emeritus
Wittenberg University, Springfield, OHIO
B.A. Monmouth College, IL 1956
M.A. Vanderbilt University 1958
Ph.D. Vanderbilt University 1965
Post-doctoral Study, University of Chicago 1965-66
Wittenberg University, 1961-99 (Professor of History; Dir. of International Edn, 1975-83); Gustavus Adolphus College (Visiting Professor of Peace Studies, 1974);
University of Toledo (Visiting Professor of History, 1987-1988)
Fellowships and Grants
United States Institute of Peace, 1990 (for U.S.- USSR project in peace history); Cushwa Fndn. Grant (University of Notre Dame), 1986 (deferred to 1987); Institute for World Order Grant, 1982-83; American Council of Learned Societies Grant, 1972; Fellow, Mershon Center for Education in National Security, Ohio State Univ., 1968-69; Danforth Fellow, 1956-65
Transnational Social Movements and Global Politics: Solidarity Beyond the State.
Co-editor with Jackie Smith and Ron Pagnucco. Syracuse Univ., 1997.
Peace/Mir: An Anthology of Historic Alternatives to War. Co-editor with Ruzanna Ilukhina. Syracuse Univ., 1994; Russian edtion, Nauka Press, Moscow.
The American Peace Movement: Ideals and Activism. Twayne, 1992. [In Choice list of excellent academic works, 1992]
An American Ordeal: The Antiwar Movement of the Vietnam Era. Assisting author with Charles DeBenedetti. Syracuse Univ., 1990. [Warren Kuehl Prize of the Society of Historians of American Foreign Relations, 1991]
Peace Movements and Political Cultures. Co-ed. with Peter van den Dungen. Univ. of Tennessee, 1988.
Devere Allen: Life and Writings. Ed. & intro. Garland, 1977.
Kirby Page and the Social Gospel. Ed. & intro. with Charles DeBenedetti. Garland, 1977.
The Americanization of Gandhi: Images of the Mahatma. Ed. & intro. Garland, 1976.
International War Resistance Through 1945. Ed. & intro. Garland, 1975.
The Radical "No": Correspondence and Writings on Evan Thomas on War . Garland,1973.
Peace Movements in America . Ed. & author. Schocken, 1973.
For Peace and Justice: Pacifism in America, 1914-1941. Univ. of Tennessee, 1971; Beacon, 1973. [1972 Publication Award, Ohio Academy of History]
Principal Articles and Chapters
"Peace Movements." In Neil Smelser and Paul Baltes, eds., International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Amsterdam: Pergamon, 2001.
"Pacifism." In Alexander DeConde, Richard Burns, Frredrik Logevall, eds., Dictionary of American Foreign Policy (revision of 1978 edition). Scribner's, 2001.
"Orienting The Twentieth Century Towards Peace: International Conference of the Peace History Society and Peace History Commission, Oslo, Norway, 11-12 August 2000" in PHS News: The Newsletter of the Peace History Society, 36:2 (Fall 2000), 1-4.
"Pacifism." In John Whiteclay Chambers II, ed., The Oxford Companion to American Military History. New York: Oxford, 1999.
"Nonviolent Social Movements in the United States: A Historical Overview." In Stephen Zunes, Lester R. Kurtz, and Sarah Beth Asher, eds. Nonviolent Social Movements: A Geographical Perspective, 283-301. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 1999.
"Intergovernmental and Nongovernmental Associations to 1945." In Jackie Smith, Charles Chatfield, and Ron Pagnucco, eds., Transnational Social Movements and Global Politics: Solidarity Beyond the State, 19-41. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse Univ., 1997.
"Vietnam War Opposition." In Roger S. Powers & William B. Vogele, eds. Protest, Power, and Change: An Encyclopedia of Nonviolent Action frm ACT-UP to Women’s Suffrage, 547-55. New York: Garland, 1997.
"Pacifism and Patriotism: A Basic Theme in U.S. History, " and "Ethical Issues . . . ." In Proclaim Peace, eds. Theron Schlabach and Richard Hughes, 15-28, 262-66. Univ. Illinois Press, 1997.
"The Catholic Worker in the United States Peace Tradition." In American Catholic Pacifism, eds. Anne Klejment and Nancy L. Roberts, 1-13. Praeger, 1996.
"Thinking about Peace in History." In The Pacifist Impulse in Historical Perspective, ed. Harvey L. Dyck, 36-51. Univ. of Toronto, 1996.
"A. J. Muste and Pacifism," in American Reform and Reformers: A Biographical Dictionary, ed. Randall M. Miller and Paul A. Cimbala, 370-83. Greenwood, 1996.
"Adapt or Die: The Social Dynamics of Peace Movements," and "Ironies of Protest: Interpreting the American Anti-Vietnam War Movement," in Twentieth-Century Peace Movements: Successes and Failures, ed. Guido Grunwald and Peter van den Dungen, 33-54, 199-208. Edwin Mellen Press, 1995.
"The Antiwar Movement and America," authored last chapter of An American Ordeal in Major Problems of the Vietnam War. 494-510, ed. Robert J. McMahon. D. C. Heath, second ed., 1995.
Special spring issue of the Organization of American Historians, Magazine of History on "Peacemaking in American History," vol. 8, no. 3 (Spring, 1994); guest editor and author of "From the Editor," 3-4, "Peace as a Reform Movement," 10-14" and "Profile of a Peace Historian: Irwin Abrams," 40-42.
"Misplaced Crisis":(review essay on Guenter Lewy's Peace and Revolution) in Peace Betrayed? Essays on Pacifism and Politics, ed. Michael Cromartie, 41-65. Washington: Ethics and Public Policy Center, 1990.
"Concepts of Peace in History," Peace and Change 11 (1986):11-21; reprinted in Dialog Beitage zur Friedensforschung 8 (Jan 1987), 75-87.
"Norman Thomas: Harmony of Word and Deed," in Peace Heroes in Twentieth- Century America, ed. Charles DeBenedetti, 85-121. Indiana Univ., 1986.
"The Connected World of Devere Allen," Peace Research: The Canadian Journal of Peace Studies 17 (Sept. 1985): 51-59.
"Pacifism and the Peace Movement," in Franklin D. Roosevelt: His Life and Times, An Encyclopedic View , ed. Otis L. Graham, Jr. & Meghan Robinson Wander, 89-92. G.K. Hall, 1985.
"The Bible and American Peace Movements," in The Bible and Social Reform , ed. Ernest R. Sandeen, 105-31. Fortress Press, 1982.
"The Dissemination of Peace Research Through Periodicals," UNESCO Yearbook on Peace and Conflict Studies (1980), 25-57.
"More than Dovish: Movements and Ideals of Peace in the United States," in American Thinking About Peace and War , ed. Ken Booth and Moorhead Wright, 111-34. Barnes & Noble, 1978.
"Pacifism," in Dictionary of American Foreign Policy , ed. Alexander DeConde, ed. Scribner's, 1978.
"Peace Research is History: The Ecology of Choice," Peace and Change 2 (Summer, 1974), 1-7.
"Alternative Antiwar Strategies in the Thirties," American Studies 13 (Spring 1972): 81- 93 (Russian translation, 1991).
"World War and the Liberal Pacifist in the United States," American Historical Review 75 (Dec. 1970): 1920-37; reprinted inCauses and Consequences of World War I , ed. John M. Cooper, Jr., , 103-26. Quadrangle, 1972.
"Pacifists and Their Publics," Midwest Journal of Political Science 13 (May 1969): 298- 312.
Entries on pacifism, peace movements, internationalists, social reform, etc. in: Biographical Dictionary of Internationalists , Biographical Dictionary of Modern Peace Leaders , Dictionary of Southern History, Encyclopedia Americana, Encyclopedia of World Peace Studies, etc.