edited by Shlomo Mark shows the influence of Israel's opposition to apartheid on relations with South Africa in 1961–1967. It includes 67 scanned documents, four of them in English, a translation of the introduction and of the list of documents with summaries, and photographs. The rest of the documents are on the Hebrew website. This is the first in a new series on Israel's relations with Africa in the 1960s.
For many years Israel's ties with a country which had officially adopted a policy of racial discrimination harmed its image and served Arab propaganda. However these documents show that in the 1960s relations with South Africa were tense and problematic. Israel's strong stand against apartheid reflected both its desire for closer relations with the newly independent states in Africa, and opposition in principle to racial separation.
But Israel's stand had to be moderated due to another factor – concern for the large and prominent Jewish community in South Africa. Israel thus walked a tightrope, on the one hand acting against South Africa in international forums and the UN, but on the other, maintaining diplomatic relations with it. Many opponents of apartheid in South Africa were Jewish, and an important episode in this story, also shown here, was the "Rivonia Trial". In 1964 the leaders of the African National Congress, among them Nelson Mandela, were tried for their underground activities. Six of the 18 accused were Jewish. See also the ISA publication on Israel and Nelson Mandela in the 1960s – A Cry for Freedomhttp://www.archives.gov.il/ArchiveGov_Eng/Publications/ElectronicPirsum/NelsonMandela1/
Send comments and questions to H-Net
Webstaff. H-Net reproduces announcements that have been submitted to us as a
free service to the academic community. If you are interested in an announcement
listed here, please contact the organizers or patrons directly. Though we strive
to provide accurate information, H-Net cannot accept responsibility for the text of
announcements appearing in this service. (Administration)