New Publication: Couleurs, esclavages, libérations coloniales, 1804-1860 (2013)
The independence of Haiti did not give birth, prima facie, to the spread of similar models of liberation. On the contrary, the creation of the first Black Republic resulted in a sharp stiffening of slave systems in the French, English and Spanish colonies, particularly in the Caribbean. It also led to the reinforcement of the slave system in the Americas: the “Black Peril” that Haiti represented prompted the Great Powers, along with the newly independent States, to strengthen the repression and the control of the black masses in their colonies.
Yet, the continuation of the antislavery movement in Great Britain and the United States led these two countries to abolish the Slave Trade in 1807 and 1808 – Denmark had done so in 1803 – at the same time as they were taking part into a “New Colonization” movement in Africa. The second “Société des Amis des Noirs”, founded in France in 1796, participated in the refocusing of antislavery movements on new projects of colonial settlements, notably to Africa, in the aftermath of the attempts initiated in the 1780s by British abolitionists, who then founded Sierra Leone.
Thus, this collection of essays, emanating from the international conference “New Directions in European Colonization 1804-1860: Race, Slavery and Liberation in the Americas” which took place on June 16-18 2011 in Paris, France, focuses on the paradoxical transformations of the European colonial system(s) – inherited from the “discoveries” of the late 15th century – from 1804 to 1860, before new European conquests developed on a large scale, setting off a new “imperialist” era in the late 19th century. As this redefinition of colonial empires was a largely global phenomenon, this volume emphasizes the Atlantic data pertaining to this new colonization. The contributions to this volume, written by international scholars and published in French, have been divided according to the three main cultural areas affected by these changes: the Francophone, Anglophone and Hispanic areas.
Contributors: Claire Bourhis-Mariotti, Eric Burin, Virginie Chaillou, Gusti-Klara Gaillard-Pourchet, Bernard Gainot, Alejandro E. Gómez, Dominique Goncalvès, Kate Hodgson, Marta Irurozqui, Rahma Jerad, Jean-Pierre Le Glaunec, Andréa Slemian, Federica Morelli, Frédéric Régent, Vertus Saint-Louis, Jean-Pierre Sainton, Romy Sanchez, Éric Saugera, Suzanne Schwartz, Pierre Serna, Andréa Slemian, Clément Thibaud, Geneviève Verdo, Joseph Yannielli.
ISBN : 978-2-915596-96-0
September 2013, 23 x 15 cm, 416 pages, 28 €
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