Interesting drug policy innovations are taking place in a few countries in Europe, Latin America and even North America. There is a slight shift away from prohibition and criminalization of drug use to effectively target big traffickers. The international drug control systems became universal and uniform from 1909 when the opium conference at Shanghai (China) called for setting up of international surveillance and control systems for dealing with the abuse of certain drugs. The predominant focus on mainly enforcement has not checked abuse. Neither has the growing two decades old emphasis on demand reduction. Health, enforcement and human rights challenges remain. India has been reviewing its existing drug policies and is planning to move a New Amendment Bill in the Parliament soon. For the first time this new policy was discussed in 2012 with a few experts from India and abroad. Some necessary but modest changes have taken place with respect to domestic drug policy. The law, however represents only a first tentative step towards reforms. We intend to start a discussion on an all inclusive action plan for the future.
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