The Franco-British summit at the French coastal resort of St Malo in December 1998 paved the way for creating an EU security and defence policy. The Joint Declaration has thus gained almost mythical status in studies of the development of a European “capacity for autonomous action, backed up by credible military forces, the means to decide to use them and a readiness to do so, in order to respond to international crises”. Initiatives for European security cooperation, such as the battle group concept, a 60,000 rapid reaction force, the deployment of 24 crisis management operations and the establishment of the European Defence Agency all owe their existence to this initiative.
More than a decade after St Malo and as the tenth anniversary of ESDP being declared operational approaches, this workshop aims to revisit the expectations raised at St Malo and critically to assess its aftermath. Emyr Jones Parry and Gerard Paul Errera, the two diplomats drafting the respective input for the document have been invited to share their insights and discuss these issues, along with leading analysts from France, the UK, and several other member states.
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