Studies on Widows

Query from Irene M.H.Herold 16 August 1999

For my thesis I'm examining a widow, Josephine Garis Cochran, who invented a product and successfully ran her own manufacturing business from 1886 to 1913. Having now read as exhaustively as I could (after my signature file I've attached an abbreviated bibliography of British sources on working women), I haven't come across a study that looks at working widows from the middle to upper classes in the United States (or anywhere else) during this time period. Martha Vicinus, in her book, Independent Women, excluded widows and single working class women from her study and suggested that this would be an area ripe for future research. Since her work was published in 1985, I was wondering if I had missed a more current work that deals with widows.

The bibliography I've attached just scratches at the surface I've what I've examined. In the interest of not overburdening mail boxes, I would be happy to respond off list to suggestions as to whether or not I've looked at "X."

Perhaps I'm going about this too narrowly. If anyone has a suggestion on a work that details women who owned their own manufacturing business during this time period, that would also be appreciated. I have looked at works about Amanda Theodosia Jones.



Abend, Marjorie. Victorian working women : a study in contradictions. Senior honors thesis--Brandeis University, 1987. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 102- 106). Waltham, Mass., 1987.

August, Andrew. How separate a sphere? poor women and paid work in late-Victorian London. Journal of Family History v. 19 no3 ('94) p. 285-309 bibl.

Blackburn, Sheila C. 'No necessary connection with homework': gender and sweated labour, 1840-1909. Social History v. 22 (Oct. '97) p. 269-85.

Blom, Ida "Journey of Family History " 16 (1991) 2, 191-1210 ALSO: "Journey of Women's History" 4 ('92/'93 2, 52-81

Boyd, Nancy. Three Victorian women who changed their world.

Bradbury, Bettina _Working Families: Age, Gender, and Daily Survival in Industrializing Montreal_ (Toronto:McClelland and Stewart , 1993).

Cohen, Monica F. Professional domesticity in the Victorian novel: women, work, and home.

Creese, Mary R. S., 1935- and Creese, Thomas M. British women who contributed to research in the geological sciences in the nineteenth centurywith appendices. The British Journal for the History of Science v. 27 (Mar. '94) p. 23-54.

Crofts, S. William. The Attlee government's pursuit of women. History Today v. 36 (Aug. '86) p. 29-35 il.

Daunton, M.J. House and home in the Victorian City: working class housing, 1850-1914.

Farrer, Roger. Women in the Victorian labour market . Victoria : Employment Division, Dept. of Labour, 1991.

Feminism and political economy in Victorian England. Aldershot, Hants, England ; Brookfield, Vt., USA : E. Elgar, 1994.

Gamber, Wendy _The Female Economy: The Millinery and Dressmaking Trades, 1860-1930_(Urbana, IL; U of Illinois Press, 1997

Hard lessons: the lives and education of working-class women in nineteenth century England. 1989.

Hewitt, Margaret, 1928- . Wives & mothers in Victorian industry. London: Rockliff, 1958

Holcombe, Lee. Victorian ladies at work;middle-class working women in England and Wales, 1850-1914. Newton Abbot, David and Charles, 1973

Jordan, Ellen. The exclusion of women from industry in nineteenth-century Britain. Comparative Studies in Society and History v. 31 (Apr. '89) p. 273-96.

Kwolek-Folland, Angel _Incorporating Women: A History of Women and Business in the United States_(Twayne Publishers, 1998).

Kohlstedt, Sally Gregory and Helen Longino. Women, gender and science: new directions.

McFeely, Mary Drake. The lady inspectors: women at work 1893-1921. History Today v. 36 (Nov. '86) p. 47-53 il.

Murray, Janet Horowitz. Strong-minded women: and other lost voices from nineteenth-century England. 1982.

Neff, Wanda Fraiken, 1889- . Victorian working women; an historical and literary study of women in British industries and professions, 1832-1850. New York: Humanities Press, 1967.

Oakely, Ann. The Sociology of housework. 1975.

Pennington, Shelley. A Hidden workforce: homeworkers in England, 1850-1985. 1989.

Poovey, Mary. Uneven developments: the ideological workof gender in mid-Victorian England.

Purvis, June. Women^“s History: Britain, 1850-1945.

Randall, Rona, 1911- . The model wife, nineteenth-century style. London :Herbert Press, 1989.

Robbert, Rosamond. Sampling the invisible : occupational status in Victorian England , Thesis (M.A.)--Western Michigan University, 1982. Bibliography: leaves 140-145.

Scadron, Arlene Ed., _On Their Own: Widows and Widowhood in the American Southwest. 1848-1939_ (Chicago: U of Illinois Press, 1988).

Stansell, Christine. Revisiting the angel in the house: revisions of Victorian womanhood. The New England Quarterly v. 60 (Sept. '87) p. 466-83 .

Thomis, Malcolm I. Women in protest, 1808-1850. 1982.

Those having torches. 1968 (Chapter ^”Women in the professions^‘ 1870-1950).

Tuchman, Gaye. Edging women out: Victorian novelists, publishers, and social change. 1989.

Valenze, Deborah. The First industrial woman. 1995.

Vicinus, Martha. Independent women: work and community for single women 1850-1920. 1985.

Vicinus, Martha. Widening sphere: changing roles of Victorian women. 1979.

Victorian ladies at work; middle-class working women in England and Wales, 1850-1914.

Victorian science in context. 1997.

Victorian values.

Wellesley index to Victorian periodicals 1825-1900, 4v.s.

The White-blouse revolution : female office workers since 1870 Manchester, UK ; New York : [New York] Manchester University Press ; Distributed exclusively in the USA and Canada by St. Martin's Press, 1988.

Wilson, Lisa _Life After Death: Widows in Pennsyvania, 1750-1850_ (Phila.:Temple U Press, 1992).

Other Suggestions:

Concerning...information ---you may want to contact Janet Malcom at the New Yorker. She's written quite a bit on Prague.

There are some accessible papers at the Hagley Museum, especially for for Rebecca Lukens.