French Widows, 18th/19th Centuries Bibliography

Query From Kolleen M. Guy 21 Jan 1998

I am in the very early stages of a project on the experience of widows in eighteenth and nineteenth century France. While I am particularly interested in widows who take over family-based businesses, I am also interested in the experiences of widows more generally. Can anyone offer some secondary works that might help me place my French widows in a larger historical perspective? Thank you.

Response from Josette Brun, Ph.D. candidate, Universite de Montreal 22 Jan 1998

I am presently doing some research on widowhood in eighteenth-century New France (French colonial cities of Quebec and Louisbourg) and I am also interested in widows who take over family-based businesses.I have already studied the commercial activities of widows in my master's thesis on business women in the French colony of Ile Royale in the 18th century. If you wish, I could send you a copy of my article that will soon be published(in French) in Acadiensis, a journal of the history of the Atlantic region in Canada.

Another student at my university is doing her doctoral research on widowhood in urban and rural New France (Molly Richter). We are both studying men and women's experience of widowhood using gender as a category of analysis.If you are interested, we could exchange more on our respective projects.

A conference on widowhood in Old Regime France will take place in Poitiers in June 98. You could contact Colette H. Winn (she's one of the two organizers) at the following e-mail address if you want more information on those participating in the conference: CHWINN@ARTSCI.WUSTL.EDU Good luck with your project!

Here is a list of studies on widowhood :

AUBRY, Yves, Pour une etude du veuvage feminin a l'epoque moderne, Histoire, Economie et Societe, vol. 8, no 2 (1989), p. 223-236.

BARRON, Caroline M. et Anne F. SUTTON, sous la direction de, Medieval London Widows 1300-1500, London/Rio Grande, Ohio, U.S.A., Hambledon Press,1994, 271p.

BIDEAU, Alain, A Demographic and Social Analysis of Widowhood and Remarriage: The Example of the Castellany of Thoissey-en-Dombes, 1670-1840,Journal of Family History, vol. 5, no 1 (printemps 1980), p. 28-43.

BLOM, Ida, Widowhood: From the Poor Law Society to the Welfare Society: The Case of Norway, 1875-1964, Journal of Women's History, vol. 4, no 2 (1992),p. 52-81.

BLOM, Ida, The History of Widowhood: A Bibliographic Overview, Journal of Family History, vol. 16, no 2 (1991), p. 191-210.

BOULTON, Jeremy, London widowhood revisited: the decline of female remarriage in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, Continuity and Change, vol. 5, no 3 (1990), p. 323-355.

BOYLAN, Anne M., Timid Girls, Venerable Widows and Dignified Matrons: Life Cycle Patterns among Organized Women in New York and Boston, 1797-1840, American Quarterly, vol. 38 (hiver 1986), p. 779-797.

BRADBURY, Bettina, Surviving as a Widow in 19th-Century Montreal, Urban History Review, XVII, 3 (feb 1989), p. 148-160.

BRADBURY, Bettina, The Fragmented Family : Family Strategies in the Face of Death, Illness, and Poverty, Montreal, 1860-1885, dans Childhood and Family in Canadian History, Toronto, 1982, p. 109-128.

BRADBURY, Bettina, Widowhood and Canadian Family History , dans Intimate Relations: Family and Community in Planter Nova Scotia, 1759-1800, sous la direction de Margaret Conrad, Planter Studies Centre, Acadia University,1995.

BRODSKY, Vivian, Widows in Late Elizabethan London: Remarriage, Economic Opportunity and Family Orientations, dans The World We Have Gained: Histories of Population and Social Structure, sous la direction de Lloyd Bonfield et al, Londres, 1986.

CARLTON, Charles, The Widow's Tale: Male Myths and Female Reality in Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century England, Albion, vol. 10, no 2 (e te 1978), p. 118-129.

COLLINS, James, The Economic Role of Women in Seventeenth-Century France, French Historical Studies, vol. 16, no 2 (automne 1989).

DAKES, Elizabeth Thompson, Heiress, Beggar, Saint, or Strumpet : The Widow in the Society and on the Stage in Early Modern England, Vanderbilt University, 1990.

DAVIS, Nanciellen, Patriarchy from the Grave: Family Relations in the 19th Century New Brunswick Wills, Acadiensis, 13, 2 (printemps 1984), p. 91-100.

DIEFENDORF, Barbara B. Widowhood and Remarriage in Sixteenth-century Paris, Journal of Family History, vol. 7, no 4 (hiver 1982), p. 379-395.

DUCHESNE, Louis, Nuptialite et fecondabilite des veuves remariees : les canadiennes au XVIIIe siecle, These de maitrise (demographie), Universite de Montreal, 1972.

GAUTHIER, Brigitte, Des veuves lyonnaises au XVe siecle , Cahiers d'Histoire, vol. 26, no 4 (1981), p. 353-363.

GILMAN, Amy, From Widowhood to Wickedness: The Politics of Class and Gender in New York City Private Charity, 1799-1860 , History of Education Quarterly, vol. 24, no 1 (1984), p. 59-74.

GOGAN, Tanya, Surviving as a Widow in Late Nineteenth-Century Halifax, These de maitrise, Dalhousie University, 1994, 200p.

GUNNLAUGSSON, Gisli Agust et Olof GARDARSDOTTIR, Transition into Widowhood: Life Course Perspective on the Household Position of Icelandic Widows at the Turn of the Twentieth Century , Communication presentee lors du XVIIIe Congres international des sciences historiques, Montreal, 27 août-3 septembre 1995.

HARDWICK, Julie, Widowhood and Patriarchy in Seventeenth-Century France, Journal of Social History, vol. 26, no 1 (1992), p. 133-148.

HAREVEN, Tamara K. et Peter UHLENBERG, Transitions to Widowhood and Family Support Systems in the Twentieth-Century, Northeastern United States , dans Aging in the Past: Demography, Society and Old Age, sous la direction de David I. KERTZER et Peter LASLETT, Berkeley, University of California Press, 1995, p. 273-302.

HEATON, Tim B., et Caroline HOPPE, Widowed and Married: Comparative Change in Living Arrangements , Social Science History, vol. 11 (automne 1987), p. 261-80.

HUFTON, Olwen, Women Without Men. Widows and Spinsters in Britain and France in the Eighteenth Century , Journal of Family History, (hiver 1984),p. 355-375.

HUNTER, Virginia, The Athenian Widow and Her Kin , Journal of Family History, vol. 14, no 4 (1989), p. 291-312.

JURATIC, Sabine, Solitude feminine et travail des femmes a Paris a la fin du XVIIIe siecle , Melanges de l'Ecole Française de Rome. Moyen Age - Temps Modernes (Italie), vol. 99, no 2 (1987), p. 879-900.

KEYSSAR, Alexander, Widowhood in Eighteenth-Century Massachusetts: A Problem in the History of the Family , Perspectives in American History, vol. 8 (1974), p. 83-119.

KERTZER, David I. et Nancy KARWEIT, The Impact of Widowhood in Nineteenth-Century Italy, dans Aging in the Past: Demography, Society and Old Age, sous la direction de David I. KERTZER et Peter LASLETT, Berkeley, University of California Press, 1995, p. 229-248.

KLAPISCH-ZUBER, Christine, The 'Cruel Mother': Maternity, Widowhood and Dowry in Florence in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries , dans Women, Family and Ritual in Renaissance Florence, Chicago, 1985, sous la direction de C. KLAPISCH-ZUBER, p. 117-131.

KLEIN, Joan Larsen, sous la direction de, Daughters, Wives and Widows: Writings by Men about Women and Marriage in England 1500-1640, Urbana, University of Illinois Press, 1992, 328p.

La femme seule , Annales de demographie historique 1981, p. 207-320.

LANZA, Janine, Widowhood in Eighteenth-Century France , These de doctorat, Cornell University, 1996.

LOPATA, Helena Z., Widows. Volume 2. North America, Durham, Duke University Press, 1987, 313p.

LOPATA, Helena Z., Support Systems of American Urban Widowhood , Journal of Social Issues, vol. 44, no 3 (1988), p. 113-128.

LORCIN, Marie-Therese, Veuve noble et veuve paysanne en Lyonnais d'apres les testaments des XIVe et XVe siecles , Annales de demographie historique,1981, p. 273-288.

MAIN, Gloria L., Widows in Rural Massachusetts on the Eve of the Revolution , dans Women in the Age of the American Revolution, sous la direction de Ronald Hoffman et Peter J. Albert, Charlottesville, Virginia,1989, p. 67-90.

MATTHEWS, Anne M., Women and Widowhood , dans Aging in Canada: Social Perspectives, sous la direction de Victor W. MARSHALL, Toronto, Fitzhenry and Whiteside, 1980, p. 145-153.

MCLEAN, Lorna, Single Again: Widow's World in the Urban Family Economy, Ottawa, 1871 , Ontario History, vol. 83, no 2 (juin 1991), p. 127-150.

METCALF, Alice C., Women and Means: Women and Family Production in Colonial Brazil , Journal of Social History, vol. 24, no 4 (hiver 1990).

MIRRER, Louise, sous la direction de, Upon my Husband's Death: Widows in the Literature and Histories of Medieval Europe, Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press, 1992, 351p.

NORTHCOTT, Herbert C., Widowhood and Remarriage Trends in Canada, 1956 to 1981 , Canadian Journal of Aging, vol. 3, no 2 (e te 1984), p. 63-78.

O'NEILL, MaryLee RITTER, The Widow's Peak: Popular Images of Widowhood in America, 1920-1960 , The se de doctorat, Boston University, 1984, 202p.

PALAZZI, Maura, Female solitude and Patrilineage: Unmarried Women and Widows , Journal of Family History, vol. 15, no 4 (1990), p. 443-459.

PARISSE, M., Veuves et veuvage dans le haut Moyen age, Paris, Picard, 1993,274p.

PRIOR, Mary, Wives and Wills, 1558-1700 , dans English Rural Society, 1500-1800: Essays in Honour of Joan Thirsk, sous la direction de John CHARTRES and David HEY.

RICKETSON, William F., To be Young, Poor and Alone: The Experience of Widowhood in the Massachusetts Bay Colony 1675-1676 , New England Quarterly, vol. 64, no. 1 (mars 1991), p. 113-126.

RILEY, J.C., That Your Widows May be Rich: Providing For Widowhood in Old Regime Europe , Economisch- en Sociaal - Historisch Jaarboek, no 45 (1982),p. 58-76.

RILEY, Glenda, The Female Frontier : A Comparative View of Women on the Prairie and the Plains, Lawrence, Kansas, 1988 (situation des veuves en situation de colonisation).

ROGERS, Kim L., Relicts of the New World: Conditions of Widowhood in Seventeenth-Century New England , dans Woman's Being, Woman's Place: Female Identity and Vocation in American History, sous la direction de Mary Kelley, Boston, Massachusetts, G.K. Hall & Co., 1979, p. 26-52.

SALMON, Marylynn, Women and the Law of Property in Early America, Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 1986 (chapitre 7 : Provisions for Widows ), p. 141-184.

SCADRON, Arlene, e d., On their Own: Widows and Widowhood in the American Southwest, 1848-1939, Urbana, University of Illinois Press, 1988, 324 p.

SMITH, Daniel Scott, The Demography of Widowhood in Preindustrial New Hampshire , dans Aging in the Past: Demography, Society and Old Age, sous la direction de David I. KERTZER et Peter LASLETT, Berdeley, University of California Press, 1995, p. 249-272.

SNYDER, Terri Lynne, Rich Widows are the Best Commodity this Country can Afford: Gender Relations and the Rehabilitations of Patriarchy, Virginia, 1660-1700 , University of Iowa, 1992, 327p.

SPETH, Linda, More than her 'thirds': Wives and Widows in Colonial Virginia , dans Women, Family, and Community in Colonial America: Two Perspectives, sous la direction de Linda E. Speth et Alison Duncan Hirsch, New York, 1982, p. 5-42.

TODD, Barbara, Freebench and Free Enterprise : Widows and Their Property in Two Berkshire Villages , dans English Rural Society, 1500-1800: Essays in Honour of Joan Thirsk, sous la direction de John CHARTRES et David HEY.

TODD, Barbara, The Remarrying Widow: A Stereotype Reconsidered , dans Women in English Society 1500-1800, sous la direction de Mary PRIOR, Londres, Routledge (Methuen?), 1985.

TODD, Barbara, Demographic determinism and female agency: the remarrying widow reconsidered ... again , Continuity and Change, vol. 9, no 3 (1994),p. 421-450.

WALKER, Sue Sheridan, sous la direction de, Wife and Widow in Medieval England, University of Michigan Press, 1994.

WALL, Richard, Woman Alone in English Society , Annales de de mographie historique, 1981.

WILSON, Lisa, Life After Death: Widows in Pennsylvania, 1750-1850, Philadelphia, Temple University Press, 1992, 215 p.

WINTER, James, Widowed Mothers and Mutual Aid in Early Victorian Britain , Journal of Social History, vol. 17, no 1 (1983), p. 115-125.

WYNTJES, Sherrin Marshall, Survivors and Status : Widowhood and Family in the Early Modern Netherlands , Journal of Family History, vol. 7, no 4 (1982), p. 396-405.

Other Suggestions:

Butel, Paul "Comportements familiaux dans le negoce bordelais au XVIII, Annales du Midi, 88 (1976).

Chassagne, Serge _Une Femme D'Affaires Au XVIII Siecle_(Toulouse, 1981).

Clark, John _La Rochelle and the Atlantic Economy During the 18th Century_(Baltimore, 1981, 77-108)

Craig, Beatrice, "La structure de l'emploi feminin dans une ville en voie d'industrialisation, Tourcoing au XIXe siecle," _Canadian Journal of History/Annales Canadiennes D'Histoire, XXVII, (Aug. 1992), 299-330.

Curran, Cynthia "Private Women, public needs: Middle-Class widows in Victorian England," _Albion_25, (1993), 217-236.

Daumard, Adeline _La Bourgeoisie Parisienne De 1815 a 1848_, (Paris, 1963)Chapter V: Les femmes.

Dupaquier, al, eds. _Marriage and Remarriage in Populations of the Past_, NY, etc, (1981)

Engel, Barbara, Barbara Evans Clement and Christine D. Worobec, Eds., _Russia's Women_, essay by Rodney Bohac

Hirsch, Jean Pierre _Les Deux Reves Du Commerce, Entreprise, Et Institution Dans La Region Lilloise, 1780-1860 (Paris, 1991).

Klapisch-Zuber, Christiane _Women, Family and Ritual in Renaissance Italy_

Musgrave, Elizabeth "Women in the male world of work: The building industries of 18th century Brittany," _French History_7 (March 1993), 30-50.

Rabuzzi, Daniel A. "Women merchants in 18th century northern Germany: the case of Stralsund, 1750-1830," _Central European History_28 (1995), 435-56. See also his Johns Hopkins dissertation.

Stampfer, Shaul "Remarriage Among Jews and Christians in Nineteenth-Century Europe," _Jewish History_, 3:2 (Fall, 1988), 65-114.

Janine Lanza at Appalachian State University in North Carolina; her 1996 Cornell U. Ph.D. dissertation is about widows in eighteenth-century Europe. Her e-mail is:

Tallan, Cheryl "Medieval Jewish Widows: Their Control of Resources," _Jewish History_, 5:1 (Spring 1991), 63-74.