Origins and Background of the City and the Region
Edward K. Muller, "Metropolis and Region: A Framework for Enquiry Into Western Pennsylvania," in Hays (ed.), City at the Point, pp. 181-211.
The "Forks of the Ohio - Native American Crossroads: Before 1750" and "Fort Pitt - Frontier Military Outpost: 1750-1795" sections of Pittsburgh History Series, Teachers' Guide - Western PA History at http://www.wqed.org/erc/pghist/units/rivers/index.html,
and read the online version of
Jacob A. Riis, How the Other Half Lives (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1890) at
This session will focus on different images of the city of Pittsburgh. Your assignment for this date is to visit the Carnegie Museum of Art and view the exhibit of W. Eugene Smith's "Pittsburgh Photographs," entitled "Dream Street." Admission is free for students. You are to compare the images you see in the exhibit with your personal impressions, reinforced by various Pittsburgh web sites. You are to prepare a short essay (approximately 3-4 pages) discussing your ideas stimulated by the exhibit and the contemporary imagery. We will return to this question at the end of the semester.
Sam Bass Warner, Jr., "The Management of Multiple Urban Images," to be distributed.
The Commercial Walking City
Richard C. Wade, The Urban Frontier: The Rise of Western Cities, 1790-1830 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1959);
(various pages), to be distributed.
"Gateway to the West - Commercial Town: 1796-1851," Pittsburgh History Series, Teachers' Guide - Western PA History at http://www.wqed.org/erc/pghist/units/WPAhist/wpa3.html
Fire, Mayhem and Riot: Some Urban Events of the 1840s and 1850s
From Richard C. Wade, The Urban Frontier.
The City Transformed: The Railroads and the Railroad Riots of 1877
Joseph Frazier Wall, Andrew Carnegie (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1989).
Richard Oestreicher, "Working-class Formation, Development, and Consciousness in Pittsburgh, 1790-1960," in Hays (ed.), City at the Point, 111-50.
"Smoky City - Early Industrial City: 1852-1876," Pittsburgh History Series, Teachers' Guide - Western PA History at http://www.wqed.org/erc/pghist/units/WPAhist/wpa4.html
The Growth of Industry: The Entrepreneurial and Managerial Perspective
Wall, Andrew Carnegie, pp. 80-360.
"Andrew Carnegie" (Princeton, NJ : Films for the Humanities, c1988).
"Steel City - Manufacturing Metropolis: 1876-1945," Pittsburgh History Series, Teachers' Guide - Western PA History at http://www.wqed.org/erc/pghist/units/WPAhist/wpa5.html
The Growth of Industry: The Worker's Perspective
Oestreicher, "Working-Class Formation, Development, and Consciousness in Pittsburgh, 1790-1960," in Hays (ed.), City at the Point, 111-150.
"The River Ran Red," produced and directed by Steffi Domike and Nicole Fauteux (Pennsylvania?: S. Domike and N. Fauteux, c1993).
Immigration to Pittsburgh
Nora Faires, "Immigrants and Industry: Peopling the 'Iron City,'" in Hays (ed.), City at the Point, pp. 3-32;
and Bodnar, Simon and Weber, Lives of Their Own, pp. 1-151.
The Development of the Networked City: Transport Innovation, Lighting, Communication, and Annexation
Tarr, “Infrastructure and City-Building in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries,” in Hays (ed.), City at the Point, pp. 213-240.
The Development of the Networked City: Water and Sewerage Systems and the Public Health Burden
Tarr & Terry Yosie, "Critical Turning Points in Pittsburgh's Water and Wastewater Disposal History," to be distributed (via e-mail).
Water Pollution as a Continuing Problem
Tarr & Yosie, "Critical Turning Points in Pittsburgh's Water and Wastewater Disposal History"
"Investing in Clean Water" A Report by the Southwestern Pennsylvania Water and Sewer Infrastructure Project Steering Committee (April 2002), at http://www.campaignforcleanwater.net/report.html
Parks and Cemeteries
Howard Stewart, Historical Data: Pittsburgh Public Parks, on the Historic Pittsburgh: Full-Text Collection webstie at http://digital.library.pitt.edu/cgi-bin/pitttext-idx.pl?notisid=00awn7880m&type=header
H. Jay Gangewere, "Allegheny County Parks," on the Carneigie Library of Pittsburgh - Pennsylvania Department: Local History website at http://22.214.171.124/locations/pennsylvania/history/parks.html
The Growth of the Modern City: Development of the Pittsburgh Central Business District
Tarr, “Infrastructure and City Building,” in Hays (ed.) City at the Point, pp. 240-249.
Relevant sections of "Steel City -
Manufacturing Metropolis: 1876-1945," Pittsburgh History Series, Teachers' Guide - Western PA History and http://www.wqed.org/erc/pghist/units/WPAhist/wpa5.html
Attempts to Reform the Industrial City
Lubove, Twentieth-Century Pittsburgh, pp. 1-58.
The Failure of Planning in the Inter-War Period and the Depression Experience
Lubove, Twentieth-Century Pittsburgh, pp. 59-105.
Environmental Burdens: Smoke and Floods
Mershon & Tarr, “Strategies for Clean Air: The Pittsburgh and Allegheny County Smoke Control Movements, 1940-1960,” (to be distributed).
Lubove, Twentieth-Century Pittsburgh, pp. 106-176.
The "Renaissance" Growth Machine
Lubove, Twentieth-Century Pittsburgh, pp. 106-176.
African Americans in Pittsburgh: Migration and Settlement Patterns
Laurence Glasco, “Double Burden: The Black Experience in Pittsburgh,” in Hays (ed.), City at the Point, pp. 69-110;
Bodnar, Simon & Weber, Lives of Their Own, pp. 153-206.
Professor Laurence Glasco, University of Pittsburgh.
Online video clip "The Great Migration" (Western PA History: Great migration of WWI),
Pittsburgh History Series, Teachers' Guide - Western PA History at http://www.wqed.org/erc/pghist/logs/wylie.html#WA07
Some Pittsburgh Neighborhoods
Bodnar, Simon, & Weber, Lives of Their Own, pp. 207-266.
Suburbanization of the Pittsburgh Region
Reading to be assigned.
Opposing the Growth Machine and the Coming of Renaissance II
Shelby Stewman and Joel A. Tarr, “Four Decades of Public-Private Partnerships in Pittsburgh,” from R. Scott Fosler and Renee A. Berger (eds.), Public-Private Partnerships in American Cities: Seven Case Studies (Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books, 1982), to be distributed.
The Collapse of the Steel Industry and the Decline of the Mill Towns
William Serrin, Homestead: the Glory and Tragedy of an American Steel Town.
Brownfields and Their Redevelopment
Andrew McElwaine, “Slag in the Park,” to be distributed.
“Regulations” and “Case Studies,” on The Brownfields Center (Carnegie Mellon University and The University of Pittsburgh) website at http://www.ce.cmu.edu/Brownfields/
and Riverlife Task Force: Pittsburgh Pennsylvania at http://www.pittsburghriverlife.org/
The Future of Pittsburgh
Hays, “Pittsburgh: How Typical,” in Hays (ed.), City at the Point, 385-406.