History And Theory Of Urban Planning And Urban Design
(Urban Planning 621)

Joe Nasr
American University at Beirut
Beirut, Lebanon, Middle East
Fall 1999
Professor Nasr comments:
A key aspect of this course is the fact that the students who attended the course at the time I taught it all spoke French AND English. As a result, I was able to mix in French-language readings in the syllabus.

SYLLABUS

Books with Multiple Readings

Morroe Berger, ed.
The New Metropolis in the Arab World [1974 (1963)]

G.H. Blake & R.I. Lawless, eds.
The Changing Middle Eastern City (1980)

Scott Campbell & Susan S. Fainstein, eds.
Readings in Planning Theory (1996)

Gordon E. Cherry, ed.
Shaping an Urban World (1980)

Françoise Choay, ed.
L'urbanisme, utopies et réalités, une anthologie (1965)

Susan S. Fainstein & Scott Campbell, eds.
Readings in Urban Theory (1996)

Peter Hall
Cities Of Tomorrow: An Intellectual History Of Urban Planning And Design In The Twentieth Century [1996 (1988)]

Seymour J. Mandelbaum, Luigi Mazza & Robert W. Burchell, eds.
Explorations in Planning Theory (1996)

Rula Muhammad Sadik
Nation-Building and Housing Policy: A Comparative Analysis of Urban Housing Development in Kuwait, Jordan, and Lebanon. University of California, Berkeley. Ph.D., 1996, Urban and Regional Planning.

M.C. Sies & C. Silver, eds.
Planning the 20th-Century American City

Anthony Sutcliffe
Towards the planned city: Germany, Britain, the United States, and France, 1780-1914 (1981)

Anthony Sutcliffe, ed.
The Rise of Modern Urban Planning (1980)

Acronyms (Journals and Conference Papers)

I/EU
Papers from the seminar "Imported or Exported Urbanism?"
JAPA
Journal of the American Planning Association
JPER
Journal of Planning Education and Research
PH
Planning History
PP
Planning Perspectives


CLASS SCHEDULE AND READING ASSIGNMENTS

HISTORY

November - Mon. 8th, 4-6 PM
Course overview.
Why history of urban planning? Why history of urban planning theories?

  • Ch. 1, in Peter Hall, Cities Of Tomorrow
  • Intro. to Sies & Silver, ed., Planning the 20th-Century American City
  • J. Muller, "Reflections on the Writing of Planning Histories", in Planning History
  • P. Burgess, "Should Planning History Hit the Road?", in Planning Perspectives
  • C. Abbott & S. Adler, "Historical Analysis as a Planning Tool", in Journal of the American Planning Association
Root causes of modern urban planning. The ideal plan as response.
  • Ch. 2, in Peter Hall, Cities Of Tomorrow
  • Ch. 1, in Anthony Sutcliffe, Towards the planned city
  • Part 3 of Françoise Choay, ed., L'urbanisme (skim)
  • Ch. 6 & 7, in A. Bailly et al., Représenter la ville


November - Fri. 12th, 3-5 PM
The ancient, classical and medieval antecedents.
The Renaissance and Baroque antecedents.

For next two sub-sessions:

  • A.E.J. Morris, History of Urban Form (skim)
  • p. 5-81 of J.-L. Harouel, Histoire de l'urbanisme
  • Ch. 1 (J.M. Wagstaff), in Blake & Lawless, ed., The Changing Middle Eastern City


November - Mon. 15th, 5-7 PM
The utopian founding fathers. Early modern visionary planned settlements and theories.

  • p. 1-84 of L. Benevolo, The Origins of Modern Town Planning [also in French at ALBA]
  • Part 1 of Françoise Choay, ed., L'urbanisme (skim)
Planning the 19th-Century industrial city: Suburbs, new towns, parks.
  • Ch. 3, in Peter Hall, Cities Of Tomorrow
  • Ch. 1 (J. Peterson), in Sies & Silver, ed., Planning the 20th-Century American City
  • Ch. 2 (R. Fishman), in Scott Campbell & Susan S. Fainstein, ed., Readings in Planning Theory
  • For this and next sub-section: Ch. 5 (J.N. Tarn), in Anthony Sutcliffe, ed., The Rise of Modern Urban Planning


November - Tue. 16th, 5-7 PM
Replanning the 19th-Century industrial city: Haussmannism, the City Beautiful, social reform.

  • Ch. 6, in Peter Hall, Cities Of Tomorrow
  • Ch. 8 (W.H. Wilson), in Anthony Sutcliffe, ed., The Rise of Modern Urban Planning
  • [see also: Ch. 3 (W.H. Wilson), in Campbell & Feinstein, Readings in Planning Theory]
  • C. Brentano, "`Stately & Glorious Buildings'", in Planning History
  • Ch. 6 (P.J. Smith), in Anthony Sutcliffe, ed., The Rise of Modern Urban Planning
  • D. Schubert, "Urban Renewal in Hamburg & London", in Planning History
Early 20th-Century founding blocks: The Garden City Movement.
  • Ch. 4, in Peter Hall, Cities Of Tomorrow
  • Part 5 of Françoise Choay, ed., L'urbanisme (skim)
  • E. Howard, La cité-jardin de demain (skim)


November - Tue. 23rd, 5-7 PM
Early 20th-Century founding blocks: The Regional Planning Movement.

  • Ch. 9 (H. Meller), in Anthony Sutcliffe, ed., The Rise of Modern Urban Planning
  • Ch. 5, in Peter Hall, Cities Of Tomorrow
  • Ch. 4 (D. Rebentisch), in Gordon E. Cherry, ed., Shaping an Urban World
Early 20th-Century founding blocks: The Historic Movement.
  • Part 2 of Françoise Choay, ed., L'urbanisme (skim)
  • Ch. 4 & 5, in Françoise Choay, L'allégorie du patrimoine [see also rest of book]
  • C. Sitte, L'art de bâtir les villes (skim)


November - Mon. 29th, 5-7 PM
Early 20th-Century founding blocks: The Modern Movement.

  • Ch. 7, in Peter Hall, Cities Of Tomorrow
  • E. Mumford, "CIAM Urbanism after the Athens Charter"
  • Part 4 of Françoise Choay, ed., L'urbanisme (skim)
  • Le Corbusier, Urbanisme (skim)
Early 20th-Century founding blocks: The Deurbanist Movement.
  • Part 1 of vol. 2 of M. Ragon, Histoire de l'architecture & de l'urbanisme modernes
  • Some of Ch. 9, in Peter Hall, Cities Of Tomorrow
  • Parts 3 & 6 of Françoise Choay, ed., L'urbanisme (skim)


November - Tue. 30th, 5-7 PM
The State thinks big in the 1930s: From New Deal to totalitarian planning.

  • D. Schubert, "Origins of the Neighborhood Units Idea", in Planning History
The world wars as catalysts.
  • Jeffry M. Diefendorf, "Urban Reconstruction in Europe after World War II" in Urban Studies [Great Britain] 1989 26(1): 128-143.
  • Jeffry M. Diefendorf, "Artery: Urban Reconstruction and Traffic Planning in Postwar Germany", in Journal of Urban History 1989 15(2): 131-158.
  • J. Nasr, "Local Wishes & National Commands", in I/EU
  • p. 29-36 & 53-66 of A. Kopp et al., L'architecture de la reconstruction en France


December - Fri. 3rd, 4-6 PM
Establishment of urban and regional planning as a profession.

  • Ch. 11 (C. Ellis), in Sies & Silver, ed., Planning the 20th-Century American City
  • W. Phillips, "The `German Example' & the Professionalization…", in Planning Perspectives
  • H. Meller, "Philanthropy & Public Enterprise", in Planning Perspectives
Establishment of planning regulatory frameworks and tools.
  • p. 85-147 of L. Benevolo, The Origins of Modern Town Planning [also in French at ALBA]
  • Ch. 4 (D. Calabi), in Anthony Sutcliffe, ed., The Rise of Modern Urban Planning
  • A. Novick, "Foreign Experts & Urbanism in Buenos Aires", in I/EU


December - Mon. 6th, 5-7 PM
The post-World War II urban movement: suburbanization, urban renewal and new towns.

  • Ch. 9, in Peter Hall, Cities Of Tomorrow
  • Roland Strobel, "Before the Wall Came Tumbling Down: Urban Planning Paradigm Shifts in a Divided Berlin" in Journal of Architectural Education vol. 48, no.1 (September, 1994). See article abstract at http://www.acsa-arch.org/publications/jae481.html#Article3
  • M. Clapson, "Milton Keynes since the 1960s", in Planning History
  • U. Wannop, "The Regional Imperative: Strathclyde…", in Planning History
Critique and self-doubt: Urban and regional planning under fire.
  • Ch. 8, in Peter Hall, Cities Of Tomorrow
  • Ch. 12 (R. Fishman), in Gordon E. Cherry, ed., Shaping an Urban World


December - Tue. 7th, 5-7 PM
Planning the colonial city.

  • R. Home, Of Planting and Planning
  • Intro., Ch. 2 & Conclu. of G. Wright, The Politics of Design in French Colonial Urbanism
  • J. Archer, "Paras, Palaces, Pathogens", in I/EU
  • 2 articles on S. Africa from Planning History
  • R. Khamaisi, "Israeli Use of the British Mandate Planning Legacy", in Planning Perspectives
Urban planning for nation-building (especially in new nations).
  • D. Hamer, "Town Planning in New Societies in the 19th Century", in Planning Perspectives
  • Ch. 11 (I. Hilmy), in Morroe Berger, ed., The New Metropolis in the Arab World
  • A. Yerolympos, "Urbanism as Social Engineering", in I/EU
  • F. Spaulding, "The Politics of Planning Islamabad", in I/EU
  • M. de Betania Cavalcanti, "Ceaucescu's Bucharest", in Planning History
  • Part 1 of L. Vale, Architecture, Power, & National Identity


December - Mon. 13th, 5-7 PM
Expansion and transformation of the "Third World city".

  • Ch. 9 (S. Cunningham), in Gordon E. Cherry, ed., Shaping an Urban World
  • Ch. 2 (J.I. Clarke), in Blake & Lawless, ed., The Changing Middle Eastern City
  • H. Vacher, "Urban Development in the Third World"
Half a century of addressing the "Third World slum".
  • Rula Muhammad Sadik, Nation-Building and Housing Policy, ch. 2


December - Tue. 14th, 5-7 PM
Urban and regional planning in the Middle East.

  • Rula Muhammad Sadik, Nation-Building and Housing Policy, ch. 3
  • Ch. 10 (S.G. Shiber) & Appendix A, in Morroe Berger, ed., The New Metropolis in the Arab World
  • Ch. 8 (B.D. Clark) & Ch. 9 (R.I. Lawless), in Blake & Lawless, ed., The Changing Middle Eastern City
Urban and regional planning in Lebanon.
  • Eric Verdeil, "Politics, Ideology and Professional Interests: Foreign Versus Local Planners in Lebanon under President Chehab", in Joe Nasr and Mercedes Volait, eds. Imported or Exported Urbanism (London: E&FN Spon, an imprint of Taylor & Francis, forthcoming).
  • Rula Muhammad Sadik, Nation-Building and Housing Policy, ch. 4


December - Mon. 20th, 5-7 PM
The flow of planning models: Developed countries.

  • Ch. 6, in Anthony Sutcliffe, Towards the planned city
  • P.-Y. Saunier, "`Atlantic Crosser': John Nolen", in Planning History
  • Ch. 6 (S.J. Watanabe), in Gordon E. Cherry, ed., Shaping an Urban World
  • 2 articles on Semyonov in Planning History
The flow of planning models: Developing countries.
  • Ch. 10 (A. King), in Gordon E. Cherry, ed., Shaping an Urban World
  • R.W. Taylor, "The Best of Burnham: The Philippine Plans", in Planning History
  • A. Almandoz, "European Urbanism in Caracas", in Planning History
  • M. Volait, "The Making of Modern Cairo", in I/EU


January - Mon. 24th
History take-home exam due

THEORY

November - Fri. 5th, 4-6 PM
For next eight sub-sessions:

  • Ch. 1 (J. Friedmann), in Seymour J. Mandelbaum, Luigi Mazza & Robert W. Burchell, ed., Explorations in Planning Theory

Why theory of urban planning? The mother theory: Rationalist planning.
  • Ch. 6 (R. Klosterman), in Campbell & Feinstein, ed., Readings in Planning Theory
  • E. Kaiser & D. Godschalk, "20th-Century Land Use Planning", in Journal of the American Planning Association
  • Part 7 of Françoise Choay, ed., L'urbanisme (skim)
Rationalist theories critiqued.
  • B. Jones, "Comparison of Current Planning Theories", in Journal of the American Planning Association, plus commentators Ch. 4 (J. Jacobs), in Campbell & Feinstein, ed., Readings in Planning Theory
  • Ch. 8 (D. Harvey), in Campbell & Feinstein, ed., Readings in Planning Theory
  • Ch. 10 (R. Beauregard), in Campbell & Feinstein, ed., Readings in Planning Theory
  • H. Briassoulis, "How the Others Plan: … Informal Planning", in Journal of Planning Education and Research
  • J. Innes, "Planning through Consensus Building", in Journal of the American Planning Association


November - Wed. 10th, 4-6 PM
Alternative bases for planning: Understanding practice.

  • Ch. 13 (C. Lindblom), in Campbell & Feinstein, ed., Readings in Planning Theory
  • Ch. 11 (P. Healey), in Campbell & Feinstein, ed., Readings in Planning Theory
  • Ch. 2 (P. Healey), in Thomas & Healey, ed. Dilemmas of Planning Practice [see also other chapters in that book]
Alternative bases for planning: Equity and empowerment.
  • Ch. 14 (P. Davidoff), in Campbell & Feinstein, ed., Readings in Planning Theory [see also B. Checkoway, "Paul Davidoff & Advocacy Planning…", in Journal of the American Planning Association]
  • Ch. 16 (N. Krumholz), in Campbell & Feinstein, ed., Readings in Planning Theory
  • E. Rocha, "A Ladder of Empowerment", in Journal of Planning Education and Research


November - Fri. 19th, 4-6 PM
Alternative bases for planning: Environmentalism and sustainability.

  • David Satterthwaite, "Sustainable Cities or Cities that Contribute to Sustainable Development" in Urban Studies vol. 34, no. 10 (1997): 1667-1691. Reprinted in David Satterthwaite, ed., The Earthscan Reader in Sustainable Cities (London: Earthscan, 1999): 80-106.
  • G.T. McDonald, "Planning as Sustainable Development", in Journal of Planning Education and Research
  • G. Haughton, "Environmental Justice & the Sustainable City", in Journal of Planning Education and Research
Alternative bases for planning: The global and local economy.
  • Ch. 3 (S. Sassen), in Scott Campbell & Susan S. Fainstein, ed., Readings in Planning Theory
  • A. King, "Worlds in the City", in Planning Perspectives
  • Intro., Ch. 1 & Conclu., in F. Ascher, Métapolis


November - Wed. 24th, 4-6 PM Alternative bases for planning: Place-making.

  • Front part of P. Katz, The New Urbanism
Alternative bases for planning: Special groups and perspectives.
  • J. Manning Thomas, "Planning History & the Black Urban Experience", in Journal of Planning Education and Research
  • Part 5 of Scott Campbell & Susan S. Fainstein, ed., Readings in Planning Theory


November - Sat. 27th, 1-3 PM
Field visit (details to follow)


December - Fri. 10th, 4-6 PM
For the next four sub-sessions:

  • Ch. 2, 3 & 5, in N. Ellin, Postmodern Urbanism
Recent approaches to urbanism: the historic city.
  • Carl Abbott, "Five Downtown Strategies" in Martin V. Melosi, Urban Public Policy: Historical Modes & Methods (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1993), 5-27.
  • K. Robertson, "Downtown Redevelopment Strategies in the U.S.", in Journal of the American Planning Association
Recent approaches to urbanism: the inner city. Ch. 11, in Peter Hall, Cities Of Tomorrow


December - Mon. 17th, 4-6 PM
Recent approaches to urbanism: the outer city.
Recent approaches to urbanism: the region and beyond.

  • Conclusion of Sies & Silver, ed., Planning the 20th-Century American City


January - Mon. 3rd
Theory take-home exam due


Syllabus prepared for archive 4 February 2001.