Dear Gilded Age/Progressive era readers. In response to the call for syllabi, I have appended the syllabi for a graduate-level bibliography course on "State and Society in Victorian America" [1850s-1910s] that I am teaching this fall. In the interest of selectivity, I have limited the recommended readings to three readings per week.
Richard R. John
University of Illinois at Chicago
History 551: State and Society in Victorian America
History 551 Richard R. John Fall 1994 office: SEO 619 Thurs 5:00-8:00 PM phone: 6-8569 office hours: Tu: 1:00-5:00 and by appointment E-Mail: U15167@UIC.EDU
This course introduces graduate students to the historical literature on state and society in the United States, 1877-1920. All students are expected to: (1) participate actively in classroom discussions; (2) prepare a two-page meditation on some aspect of each of the week's readings (after the first week); and (3) prepare a ten-page historiographical essay on a subject of the student's choice. The paper will be due on December 5. The topic must be approved by the instructor.
Daniel Walker Howe, Political Culture of the American Whigs (Chicago:
University of Chicago Press, 1979).
Philip Paludan, The Presidency of Abraham Lincoln (Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1994).
Iver Bernstein, The New York City Draft Riots: Their Significance for American Society and Politics in the Age of the Civil War (New York: Oxford University Press, 1990).
Eric Anderson and Alfred A. Moss, Jr., eds., The Facts of Reconstruction : Essays in Honor of John Hope Franklin (Baton Rouge : Louisiana State University Press, 1991).
Alfred D. Chandler, Jr., The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Business (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1977). Morton Keller, Affairs of State: Public Life in Late-Nineteenth Century America (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1977). David Montgomery, The Fall of the House of Labor: The Workplace, the State, and American Labor Activism, 1865-1925 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989).
Richard Hofstadter, The Age of Reform (New York: Random House, 1955). Robert H. Wiebe, The Search for Order, 1877-1920 (New York: Hill & Wang, 1967). Martin J. Sklar, The Corporate Reconstruction of American Capitalism, 1890-1916 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988). Theda Skocpol, Protecting Soldiers and Mothers: The Political Origins of Social Policy in the United States (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1992).
Jane Addams, Twenty Years at Hull House, ed. James Hurt (Urbana: University of Illinois, 1990; orig. pub. 1910). Recommended
Leon Fink, ed., Major Problems in the Gilded Age and Progressive Era (Lexington: Heath, 1993).
Week 1: Introduction (August 25)
Recommended: Michael Mann, "The Autonomous Power of States: Its Origins, Mechanisms, and Results," in John A. Hall, ed., States in History (London: Basil Blackwell, 1986), pp. 109-136; Theda Skocpol, "Bringing the State Back In: Strategies of Analysis in Current Research," in Peter B. Evans, Dietrich Rueschemeyer, and Theda Skocpol, Bringing the State Back In (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985), pp. 3-43; Bernard Bailyn, "The Challenge of Modern Historiography," American Historical Review (February 1982): 1-33.
Week 2: Political Culture in the Victorian Age (September 1) Required: Howe, Political Culture of the American Whigs.
Recommended: Joel H. Silbey, The American Political Nation, 1838-1893 Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1991); Richard L. McCormick, The Party Period and Public Policy: American Politics from the Age of Jackson to the Progressive Era (New York: Oxford University Press, 1986); Howe, "Victorian Culture in America," in Howe, ed. Victorian America (Philadelphia: Univresity of Pennsylvania Press, 1976), pp. 3-28.
Week 3: The Civil War: Administration (September 8) Required: Paludan, Presidency of Abraham Lincoln.
Recommended: James M. McPherson, Abraham Lincoln and the Second American Revolution (New York: Oxford University Press, 1991); Richard Franklin Bensel, Yankee Leviathan: The Origins of Central State Authority in America, 1859-1877 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990); Emory M. Thomas, The Confederate Nation: 1861-1865 (New York: Harper & Row, 1979).
Week 4: NO CLASS (September 15)
Week 5: The Civil War: Politics (September 22) Required: Bernstein, New York City Draft Riots.
Recommended: James M. McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988); Jean H. Baker, Affairs of Party: The Political Culture of Northern Democrats in the Mid-Nineteenth Century (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1983); Eric Foner, Politics and Ideology in the Age of the Civil War (New York: Oxford University Press, 1980).
Week 6: Reconstruction (September 29)
Required: Anderson and Moss, Facts of Reconstruction.
Recommended: Steven Hahn, "Class and State in Postemancipation Societies: Southern Planters in Comparative Perspective," American Historical Review (February 1990): 99-123; Eric Foner, Reconstruction: America's Unfinished Revolution, 1863-1877 (New York: Harper & Row, 1988); Harold M. Hyman and William Wiecek, Equal Justice under Law: Constitutional Development, 1835-1875 (New York: Harper & Row, 1982).
Week 7: The Coming of 'Big Business' (October 6) Required: Chandler, Visible Hand, introduction, parts 1-4.
Recommended: Herbert Hovenkamp, Enterprise and American Law, 1836-1937 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1991); Thomas K. McCraw, Prophets of Regulation: Charles Francis Adams, Louis D. Brandeis, James M. Landis, Alfred E. Kahn (Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1984); Alfred D. Chandler, Jr., "Government versus Business: An American Phenomenon," in Thomas K. McCraw, ed., The Essential Alfred D. Chandler: Essays Toward a Historical Theory of Big Business (Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1988), pp. 425-431.
Week 8: Public Administration in the Late-Nineteenth Century (October 13) Keller, Affairs of State, part 2.
Recommended: Stephen Skowronek, Building a New American State: The Expansion of National Administrative Capacities, 1877-1920 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982); John G. Sproat, The 'Best Men': Liberal Reformers in the GIlded Age (New York: Oxford University Press, 1968); Samuel P. Hays, The Response to Industrialism, 1885-1914 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1957).
Week 9: Labor's Last Stand? (October 20) Montgomery, Fall of the House of Labor.
Recommended: Melvin Dubofsky, The State and Labor in Modern America (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994); Victoria C. Hattam, Labor Visions and State Power: The Origins of Business Unionism in the United States (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993); Karen Orren, Belated Feudalism: Labor, the Law, and Liberal Development in the United States (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991).
Week 10: The Reform Impulse (October 27) Hofstadter, Age of Reform.
Recommended: Robert C. McMath, American Populism: A Social History, 1877-1898 (New York: Hill & Wang, 1993); James T. Kloppenberg, Uncertain Victory: Social Democracy and Progressivism in European and American Thought, 1870-1920 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1986); Lawrence Goodwyn, Democratic Promise: The Populist Movement in America (New York: Oxford University Press, 1976).
Week 11: The Legacy of Reform (November 3) Wiebe, Search for Order.
Recommended: Michael E. McGerr, The Decline of Popular Politics: The American North, 1865-1928 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1986); David F. Noble, America by Design: Science, Technology, and the Rise of Corporate Capitalism (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1977); Albro Martin, Enterprise Denied: The Origins of the Decline of American Railroads, 1897-1917 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1971).
Week 12: Corporate Liberalism (November 10) Sklar, Corporate Reconstruction of American Capitalism.
Recommended: Gerald Berk, Alternative Tracks: The Constitution of American Industrial Order, 1865-1917 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994); Martin J. Sklar, The United States as a Developing Country: Studies in U. S. History in the Progressive Era and the 1920s (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992); Berk, "Corporate Liberalism Reconsidered: A Review Essay," Journal of Policy History (Winter 1991): 70-84.
Week 12: The Victorian Origins of the Modern Welfare State? (November 17) Skocpol, Protecting Soldiers and Mothers
Recommended: Seth Koven and Sonya Michel, Mothers of a New World: Maternalist Politics and the Origins of Welfare States (New York: Routledge, 1993); Michael Lacey, ed., The State and Social Investigation in Britain and the United States (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993); Mary O. Furner and Barry Supple, eds., The State and Economic Knowledge: The American and British Experiences (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990).
Week 14: NO CLASS--Thanksgiving (November 24)
Week 15: Women and Reform (December 1) Jane Addams, Twenty Years at Hull-House.
Recommended: Ellen Fitzpatrick, Endless Crusade: Women Social Scientists and Progressive Reform (New York: Oxford University Press, 1990); Susan Curtis, A Consuming Faith: The Social Gospel and Modern American Culture (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991); Katherine Kish Sklar, "Hull House in the 1890s: A Community of Women Reformers," Signs (Summer 1985): 657-677.
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Patrick D. Reagan
Tennessee Technological University
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