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From: IN%"H-SHGAPE@H-NET.MSU.EDU" "H-Net Gilded Age and Progressive Era List" 4-DEC-1998 23:08:05.80 To: IN%"H-SHGAPE@H-NET.MSU.EDU" "Recipients of H-SHGAPE digests" CC: Subj: H-SHGAPE Digest - 3 Dec 1998 to 4 Dec 1998 Date: Fri, 4 Dec 1998 15:46:00 -0500 From: "Ballard Campbell, H-SHGAPE"
Subject: GAPEBIB: Campbell on the GAPE
December 4, 1998
Recently I prepared a short bibliography on the GAPE years to accompany an anthology on the period that I prepared. In a sense, the bibliography represents a short course in the literature about the GAPE, from one person's perspective.
Feel free to write the list with substitutions, additions, and other responses to these reading suggestions.
Ballard C. Campbell
Good starting places to explore the Gilded Age and Progressive Era are Nell Irvin Painter, Standing at Armageddon: The United States, 1877-1919 (Norton, 1987), and John W. Chambers, The Tryanny of Change: America in the Progressive Era, 1890-1920 (New York: St. Martin's, 1992). The latter volume contains an extensive bibliography. Ray Ginger, Age of Excess: The United States from 1877 to 1914 (New York: Macmillan, 1965) provides a colorful statement of the period written from a critical point of view. Samuel Hays, The Response to Industrialism, 1877-1920 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1957) and Robert Wiebe, The Search for Order, 1877-1920 (New York: Hill and Wang, 1967) are influential interpretations. Alan Dawley, Struggles for Justice: Social Responsibility and the Liberal State (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1991) interprets the period from the perspective of economic class and gender. Charles W. Calhoun, The Gilded Age: Essays on the Origins of Modern America (Wilington, DE: Scholarly Resources, Inc, 1996) contains fourteen chapters on topics about the late nineteenth century. John Milton Cooper, Jr. Pivotal Decades: The United States, 1900-1920 (New York: W. W. Norton, 1990), offers a readable overview of the early twentieth century.
Economic change in the Gilded Age is surveyed in Fred A. Shannon, The Farmer's Last Frontier: Agriculture, 1860-1897 (New York: Harper and Row, 1945), Edward C. Kirkland, Industry Comes of Age: Business, Labor, and Public Policy, 1860-1897 (New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, Inc, 1961), and Walter Licht, Industrializing America: The Nineteenth Century (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995). An interesting supplement to these studies is Ruth S. Cowan, A Social History of American Technology (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997). Glenn Porter, The Rise of Big Business, 1860-1920, second edition (Arlington Heights, IL: Harlan Davidson, Inc., 1992), is a superb introduction to the growth of corporations and changes in the economy. A more comprehensive survey of the subject is Alfred D. Chandler, The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Business (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1977). The processing and distribution of basic commodities in the nation's midsection is the subject of William Cronon, Nature's Metropolis: Chicago and the Great West (New York: W. W. Norton, 1991), a book that is well written and informative.
Matthew Josephson, The Robber Barons: The Great American Capitalists, 1861-1901 (New York: Harcourt, Brace, and Co., 1934) is the classic indictment of the great entrepreneurs of the Gilded Age. Ron Chernow takes a more balanced view of these gaints of industry in Titan: The Life of John D. Rockefeller, Sr. (New York: Random House, 1998), and The House of Morgan: An American Banking Dynasty and the Rise of Modern Finance (New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1990). The reader can ride the rails vicariously in Albro Martin, Railroads Triumphant: The Growth, Rejection, and Rebirth of a Vital American Force (New York: Oxford University Press, 1992). Melvyn Dubofsky, Industrialism and the American Worker, 1865-1920, third edition (Wheeling, IL: Harlan Davidson, Inc., 1996) is a succinct overview of workers in the period between Reconstruction and the Great War. Other illuminating studies of labor include David Montgomery, The Fall of the House of Labor: The Workplace, the State, and American Labor Activism, 1865-1925 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987); Walter Licht, Working for the Railroad: The Organization of Work in the Nineteenth Century (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1983); and Alexander Keyssar, Out of Work: The First Century of Unemployment in Massachusetts (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986).
Patterns of life in the Gilded Age and Progressive Era are etched in Hal S. Baron, Mixed Harvest: The Second Great Transformation in the Rural North, 1870-1930 (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1997); John S. Gileson, Middle-Class Providence, 1820-1940 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986); Glenda Riley, The Female Frontier (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1988); Thomas J. Schlereth, Victorian America: Transformations in Everday Life, 1876-1915 (New York: HarperCollins, 1991); and, Jessica H. Foy and Thomas Schlereth, eds., American Home Life, 1880-1930: A Social History of Spaces and Services (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1992). The commercialization of leisure is examined in Steven A. Reiss, Sport in Industrial America, 1850-1920 (Wheeling, IL: Harlan Davidson, Inc., 1995).
The epic saga of the peopling of America is told by Roger Daniels, Coming to America: A History of Immigration and Ethnicity in American Life (New York: HarperCollins, 1990). The diversity of immigrant groups and ethnic culture is revealed in John E. Bodnar, The Transplanted: A History of Immigrants in Urban America (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1985); Timothy J. Meagher, ed., From Paddy to Studs: Irish American Communities in the Turn of the Century Era, 1880 to 1920 (Westport, CN: Greenwood Press, 1986); and Judith Smith, Family Connections: A History of Italian and Jewish Lives in Providence, Rhode Island, 1900-1940 (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1985). Biographical studies of two key figures in the African-American community discloses many dimensions of its history; see Louis R. Harlan, Booker T. Washington (New York: Oxford University Press, 1972, 1983, 2 vols.), and David L. Lewis, W.E.B. DuBois - Biography of a Race, 1868-1919 (New York: Henry Holt, 1993). James Borchest, Alley Life in Washington : Family, Community, Religion & Folklife in the City 1850-1970 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1980) offers an revealing portrait of everyday life among blacks and whites in the nationís Capital.
Ellen K. Rothman, Hands and Hearts: A History of Courtship in America (New York: Basic Books, 1984), examined how men and women formed family bonds, while Mark C. Carnes, Meanings for Manhood: Construction of Masculinity in Victorian America (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990) focused on gender roles. The adaption of women to changes in American society can be sampled in Susan Porter Benson, Counter Cultures: Saleswomen, Managers, and Customers in American Department Stores, 1890-1940 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1986); Deborah Fink, Agrarian Women: Wives and Mothers in Rural Nebraska, 1880-1940 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1991); and David Kennedy, Birth Control in America: The Career of Margaret Sanger (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1970). Two women who led important crusades, one against liquor and other to protect consumers, are portrayed in Ruth Bordin, Francis Willard: A Biography (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1986), and Kathryn Kish Sklar, Florence Kelley and the Nation's Work: The Rise of Women's Political Culture, 1830-1900 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995). Linda Gordon's Pitied But Not Entitled: Single Mothers and the History of Welfare, 1890- 1935 (New York: Free Press, 1994) argues that conflicts along class, partisan, and gender lines marked efforts to aid poverty.
Robert W. Cherny, American Politics in the Gilded Age, 1868-1900 (Wheeling, IL: Harlan Davidson, Inc., 1997) is a solid introduction to politics in the generation after the Civil War. A classic commentary on government in Gilded Age America is James Bryce, The American Commonwealth (New York: Macmillan Co., 1890, 2 vol. or later editions); despite its age, the work retains surprizing utility. H. Wayne Morgan, From Hayes to Mckinley: National Party Politics, 1877-1896 (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1969) is a comprehensive account of presidential elections and administrations. The dynamics of popular politics is examined in Richard J. Jensen, The Winning of the Midwest: Social and Political Conflicts, 1888-1896 (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1971); Paula Baker, Moral Frameworks of Public Life: Gender, Politics, and the State in Rural New York, 1870-1930 (New York: Oxford, 1991); J. Morgan Kousser, The Shaping of Southern Politics: Suffrage Restriction and the Establishment of the One-Party South, 1880-1910 (New Haven, CN: Yale University Press, 1974); Paul Kleppner, Continuity and Change in Electoral Politics, 1893-1928 (New York: Greenwood Press, 1987); John M Allswang, A House For All Peoples: Ethnic Politics in Chicago, 1890-1936 (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1971). The Populist challenge to the major parties is the subject of Robert C. McMath, Jr., American Populism: A Social History, 1877-1898 (New York: Hill and Wang, 1993).
Reform is a dominant theme of politics in the early twentieth century. Changes in public life during the era is skillfully summarized in Arthur S. Link and Richard L. McCormick, Progressivism (Arlington Heights, IL: Harlan Davison, Inc., 1983). Important interpretations of progressivism include Richard Hofstandter, The Age of Reform (New York: Random House, 1955); Gabriel Kolko, The Triumph of Conservativism (Glencoe, IL: Free Press, 1963); and Richard L. McCormick, From Realignment to Reform: Political Change in New York State (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1981).
Morton Keller's volumes constitute a monumental survey of public policy and government during the Gilded Age and Progressivism: Affairs of State: Public Life in Late Nineteenth-Century America (1997), Regulating a New Economy: Public Policy and Economic Change in America, 1900-1933 (1990), and Regulating a New Society: Public Policy and Social Change in America, 1900-1933 (1944), all published by Harvard University Press (Cambridge, MA). Ballard C. Campbell, The Growth of American Government: Governance from the Cleveland Era to the Present (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1995), placed the Gilded Age and Progressive Era within broad dimensions of change in the American political tradition. Jon C. Teaford, The Unheralded Triumph: City Government in America, 1870-1900 (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1984) documented the enormous contributions that urban officials made to life in the late nineteenth century. Conflicts over social policies divided many communities in the decades around 1900, a point made clear in James C. Mohr, Abortion in America: The Origins and Evolution of National Policy, 1800-1900 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1978); David J. Pivar, Purity Crusade: Sexual Morality and Social Control (Westport, CN: Greenwood Press, 1973); William O'Neill, Divorce in the Progressive Era (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1967); Theda Skocpol, Protecting Soldiers and Mothers: The Political Origins of Social Policy in the United States (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1992).
The presidents have attracted more scholarly attention than any other political subject concerning America, except possibly war. Solid studies of the presidents include Allan Nevins, Grover Cleveland: A Study in Courage (New York: Dodd, Mead and Co., 1932); Allan Peskin, Garfield (Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1978:); Lewis Gould, The Presidency of William McKinley (Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1980); and Alexander S. George and Juliette L. George, Woodrow Wilson and Colonel House: A Personality Study (New York: Dover Publications, 1964). Most presidents are the subject of several biographies, some published in several volumes. The American National Biography (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999, 20 volumes) cites the most important literature about each president, in addition to a full sketch. This collection also contains biographical essays and references about notable women and men from all walks of life.
America's venture into world affairs during the Gilded Age and Progressive Era included the participations in two wars. The first conflict is discussed in Gerald F. Linderman, The Mirror of War: American Society and the Spanish-American War (1974); David F. Trask, The War with Spain in 1898 (New York: Macmillan, 1981); and Stuart Creighton Miller, "Benevolent Assimilation": The American Conquest of the Phillippines, 1899-1903 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1982). The Cuban intervention in 1898 triggered a new level of American activity in the Caribbean, which is the subject of Lester Langley, The Banana Wars: United States Intervention in the Caribbean, 1898-1934 (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1985). Regarding the second military engagement one may consult Ross Gregory, The Origins of American Intervention in the First World War (New York: W. W. Norton and Co., 1971); and Thomas J. Knock, To End All Wars: Woodrow Wilson and the Creation of the League of Nations (New York: Oxford University Press, 1992). The home front during the Great War is the subject of David M. Kennedy, Over Here: The First World War and American Society (New York: Oxford University Press, 1980).
Ballard C. Campbell
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