publication of the last newsletter, we have learned of the passing of three individuals
who have made significant contributions to American political science, and especially
the field of public administration.
February 25, George Graham died at the age of 100 in Chapel Hill NC. A faculty
member at Princeton University for 28 years, he helped establish the Woodrow Wilson
School's professional graduate program in public administration and went on to
leadership positions at the Ford Foundation, the Brookings Institution, and the
National Academy of Public Administration where he served as the first executive
director. He later served on the faculty of Nova Southeastern University in Fort
Lauderdale, Fla., as a professor of public administration, retiring to emeritus
status in 1985 at age 80.
James Fesler died at age 94 on April 26 in Branford, CT. After a career of public
service under FDR and faculty positions at the University of North Carolina and
University of Minnesota, Fesler joined the faculty at Yale University in 1951
where he served as department chair for many years as well as the Alfred Cowles
Professor of Government. A former eidtor-in-chief of Public Administration Reivew,
Fesler was well known for his classic works on administrative decentralization.
He remained an active scholar after retirement and had recently published the
3rd edition of his "The Politics of the Administrative Process" (with
Don Kettl). Further rememberances of Professor Fesler are planned for ASPA and
this newsletter in the future.
Professor of City and Regional Planning
University of California Berkeley
additional notes from Janet Weiss, University of Michigan
Judith E. Gruber, author of Controlling Bureaucracies: Dilemmas in Democratic
Governance (University of California Press), died at her home in Berkeley California
on June 1, 2005 after a 20-month battle with brain cancer.
illness she was Chair of UC Berkeley's Political Science Department, taught the
department's large introductory course on American politics, mentored many students
and played a significant leadership role on campus.
Her successor as Chair,
Pradeep Chhibber, said "Judy Gruber's intellectual life was devoted to answering
a question central to the governance of modern democracies - how can a citizenry
make a bureaucracy more responsive to the people? She made the department and
Berkeley a better and a special place. She was universally adored by her students
for her dedication and commitment, widely admired as an administrator by her colleagues
because of her deep sense of fairness, and the policies she initiated made life
better for all on campus."
In her book on bureaucracy, Gruber explored
the conditions and strategies by which ordinary citizens can exert democratic
control over government officials, who have greater resources, knowledge, and
expertise. In later work with Janet Weiss, she examined further the relationship
between information and public policy, looking at how bureaucracies collect and
use information, and how different levels of government used information to influence
one another (see, for example, "Reflections on value: Policy-makers evaluate
federal information systems," Public Administration Review, 1986, 46, 497-505.)
For the last 15 years, she and I collaborated on major research projects
on regional or metropolitan policy in the absence of hierarchies that could coordinate
decision making across fragmented urban jurisdictions. We examined a wide range
of California cases in growth and environmental management and in transportation
and focused particularly on collaborative policy making efforts among agencies
and stakeholders. We sought to learn how and why they were established, what they
could accomplish, and how they worked.
Her idea that these collaborative
efforts produced social, political and intellectual capital has been widely used
(Coordinating Growth Management Through Consensus Building: Incentives and the
Generation of Social, Political and Intellectual Capital Institute of Urban and
Regional Development Working Paper 617, 1994 http://www-iurd.ced.berkeley.edu/pub/abstract_wp617.htm
) Two in-depth monographs grew out of this work: Coordinating Growth and Environmental
Management through Consensus Building (California Policy Seminar, UC Office of
the President http://www.ucop.edu/cprc/innes1.pdf
and Bay Area Transportation Decision Making in the Wake of ISTEA (University of
California Transportation Center Working Paper UCTC no. 514, http://www.uctc.net/papers/514.pdf).
Her most recent article, "Planning Styles in Conflict: The Metropolitan Transportation
Commission," was published in the Spring 2005 issue of the Journal of the
American Planning Association.
Judith Gruber played a major leadership
role on the Berkeley campus and led successful efforts to change the University's
policies on work and family at Berkeley and throughout the University of California
system. She focused on improving child care for faculty and staff, adult dependent
care, parenting and pregnancy, and gender issues. In an important sense these
initiatives to improve her own institution were her way of translating research
into the practice of public administration. In 2003 in recognition of extraordinary
service to the university, she was awarded the Faculty Distinguished Service Award
as well as the Berkeley Citation, the highest award the campus offers.
Gruber was an exceptional colleague and she loved doing research. She was a rigorous
thinker, yet collaborative and inquiring. She was always a pleasure to work with.
Working with her permanently changed how I think and improved my own scholarly
work. She was also much sought after as a mentor for graduate students, because
she was a wonderful teacher, an incisive critic, a warm and supportive friend,
and a brilliant political scientist.. She will be very much missed on the Berkeley
Judith Gruber graduated magna cum laude from Cornell University
and received a Ph.D. with distinction, from Yale University in 1981. Her dissertation
won an American Political Science Association award as the best of the year in
Gruber is survived by her husband, Joseph Houska, and
her two sons, David, 19 and Aaron, 16, of Berkeley, California, and her father,
Irving Gruber, of New York City.
Donations in honor of Professor Gruber
may be made to the Early Childhood Education Program Annual Fund and sent to the
Early Childhood Education Program Annual Fund, Development
& Community Relations, Office of Undergraduate Affairs, 203 Sproul Hall, UC
Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720-1530, attn: Judy Gruber Scholarship Fund.