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History 551 BRAZIL 1800-PRESENT Professor Conniff M-F 9 am SPRING 1994 HC 7024, X 6768 HC 2312 off. hrs. MWF 10
Required Readings: E. Bradford Burns. A History of Brazil. 3rd ed. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993.
Michael L. Conniff and Frank D. McCann, eds. Modern Brazil: Elites and Masses in Historical Perspective. Rev. ed. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1990.
"Brazil from 1800 to the present" will introduce students to the recent history of this major South American nation. At the time of its separation from Portugal, Brazil stood on the threshold of tremendous economic development, with a per capita income close to that of the United States. The dream of growth was frustrated for the rest of the nineteenth century, for Brazil fell behind the industrializing nations of the North Atlantic. Since the early 1900s Brazil began to catch up economically and underwent political and social modernization as well. Today Brazil is poised between the Third and First Worlds, a country on the make with a dynamic economy and society and a political system on the mend after two decades of military rule. This course charts Brazil's development over the past 190-odd years.
Lectures (laced with discussions, slides, and videos on Tuesdays and Thursdays) will follow a roughly chronological order. This will establish a framework for understanding topical and other approaches in the readings.
The overall grade will be based upon a midterm, a final, and a term paper, weighted respectively 30%, 35%, and 35%. Exams will be drawn equally from lectures and readings. Please come and see me at any time if you have questions about grades.
The term paper should be your original composition on a major theme in Brazilian history. I expect papers to be typewritten double-spaced and to follow a standard format such as presented in the style guides available.
If you word-process your paper, please put notes at the bottoms of pages; otherwise endnotes are acceptable. Please see me about topics and bibliography early in the term. Undergrads should aim for 12-page papers, graduate students about 20 pages. Grad students should try to include some primary and/or Portuguese sources.
Dates Topic Readings Mar. 28 INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW
29 The Court in Rio Burns thru ch. 2 30 Geography of Brazil Burns 3 31 The Rise of Coffee Apr. 1 Free to develop paper topics 4 Decline of Pedro I 5 Regency 6 Second Empire Burns 4 7 Pedro II 8 Coffee is King 11 Abolition 12 Army Takes Over Burns 5 13 1890s 14 Federalism 15 Coffee Modern Brazil, Holloway 18 Industry 19 Locomotive 20 Heartland Modern Brazil, Topik 21 Usina Velha Modern Brazil, Pang 22 Race Relations Modern Brazil, Adamo 25 Urbanization 26 Troubled 1920s Modern Brazil, Love 27 MIDTERM EXAM 28 Getulio's Revolution Modern Brazil, Conniff 29 Estado Novo Burns 6 May 2 Democratic Republic 3 Fifty Years in Five Burns 7 4 Jan-Jan 5 Origins of the Coup Modern Brazil, McCann 6 Castello Branco Burns 8 9 Military Technocracy Modern Brazil, Levine 10 Rise of the Hard Line 11 Costa e Silva 12 O Milagre Modern Brazil, Diniz 13 Climax of Violence 16 Medici 17 Soccer and Spooks 18 Voting against the Generals Modern Brazil, Straubhaar 19 Geisel 20 Oiling Up the Works 23 Abertura 24 New Diplomatic Directions PAPERS DUE 25 Figueiredo 26 Facing down the Generals 27 New Republic Burns 9 30 From Sarney to Collor Mod Brazil, Hall/Garcia 31 Itamar Franco Modern Brazil, Sturm June 4 9-11:30 am FINAL EXAM