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  • History 325
    Spring 2001
    TTh 10-11:15, SB 300

    Professor Avi Chomsky
    Office: Sullivan 109

    This course will survey the major themes of Latin American history covering indigenous societies and the conquest, Spanish and Portuguese colonial rule, independence, integration in the world economy in the 19th century, and the development of industry and agriculture in the 20th. Political, social and economic structures will be examined from the perspective of how they have affected the lives of the poor majorities in Latin America. Special attention will be paid to the enduring features of these structures and to the paradox of why throughout history poverty and violence have been a feature of life in this potentially rich land.

    Required books:
    Lawrence A. Clayton and Michael L. Conniff, A History of Modern Latin America.
               Harcourt Brace, 1999.
    David G. Sweet and Gary B. Nash, eds., Struggle and Survival in Colonial America.
               University of California Press, 1981.
    Mariano Azuela, The Underdogs. Signet Classic, 1996.
    Carolina Maria de Jesus, Child of the Dark: The Diary of Carolina Maria de Jesus.
               Mentor/Penguin, 1963.
    Marguerite Guzman Bouvard, Revolutionizing Motherhood: The Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo.
               Scholarly Resources, 1994.

    Books may be purchased at the College Store, and are on 2-hour reserve at the library.

    Course requirements: Attendance at class meetings and films is mandatory. There will be five short papers (2-3 pages), a medium-length final project (5 pages), a mid-term, a final exam, and occasional brief map quizzes. Grades will be based on all of the above plus participation in class discussion. ALL ASSIGNMENTS MUST BE COMPLETED IN ORDER TO PASS THE COURSE.

    Grades will be based on short papers (30%); final project (15%); midterm (15%); final (20%); attendance and participation (20%); map quizzes (grades will not be counted but quizzes MUST be completed).

    Jan 16 Introduction: "Latin America": what's in a name?

    Jan 18 Pre-Columbian Civilizations
    Clayton and Conniff, pp. 1-4
    Sweet and Nash, chap. 7, “Martín Ocelotl”
    Film: “Sentinels of Silence”

    Jan 23 Iberian Civilizations
    Sweet and Nash chap. 8, “António de Gouveia”

    Jan 25 Conquest
    Clayton and Conniff, pp. 4-5
    Sweet and Nash chap. 11, “Isabel Moctezuma”
    song: "La Maldición de Malinche"
    Proposal for your “research” paper due. See below for options and instructions.

    Jan 30 Conquest Society I: the Central areas
    Clayton and Conniff, pp. 5-7
    Sweet and Nash, chap. 2, “Diego Vasicuio”

    Feb 1 Conquest Society II: the Fringes
    Sweet and Nash, chap. 6, “Damiana da Cunha,” chap. 15, “Francisca”

    First Sweet and Nash paper due. See instructions on last page of syllabus.

    Feb 8 Consolidation of Colonial Rule
    Clayton and Conniff, pp. 7-9
    Sweet and Nash, chap. 13, “Beatriz de Padilla,” chap. 16, “Miguel Hernández,” chap. 20, “Micaela Angela Carrillo”

    Feb 13 Brazil Comes of Age: The World that Sugar Created
    Sweet and Nash, chap. 9, “Juan de Morga and Gertrudis de Escobar”

    Feb 15 Bourbon Reforms and Independence
    Clayton and Conniff, pp. 12-26
    Sweet and Nash, chap. 5, “Francisco Baquero”
    songs: "Simón Bolívar"; "La Segunda Independencia"

    Feb 20 Review
    Second Sweet and Nash paper due.

    Feb 22 Midterm

    Feb 27 The 19th Century: Slave societies and abolition
    Clayton and Conniff, chap. 7 (pp. 137-143)

    Mar 1 The 19th Century: Integration in the world economy
    Clayton and Conniff, chaps. 4, 6
    songs: "Adiós Mamá Carlota"; "La Pasadita"

    Mar 6 The 19th Century: Popular movements
    Clayton and Conniff, chap. 7 (pp. 131-137; 143-160)
    song: "Gregorio Cortez"

    Mar 8 The Mexican Revolution
    Clayton and Conniff, chap. 8 (pp. 161-171); chap. 15 (301-313)
    song: "La Toma de Zacatecas"

    Mar 12-16 SPRING BREAK

    Mar 20 Discussion: Perspectives on the nineteenth century and the Mexican revolution.
    Paper on Azuela due.

    Mar 22 Urbanization and reform: the 1920s
    de Jesus
    songs: "Adiós muchachos"; "Canción de Buenos Aires"

    Mar 27 Dependency and Development: The Economy from the Depression through the 1990s
    Clayton and Conniff, chap. 16
    de Jesus
    Rough draft of research project due.

    Mar 29 The Brazilian Case and the Limits of ISI
    Clayton and Conniff, chap. 19 (pp. 379-393)
    Film: “Living in Suburbio”
    de Jesus

    Apr 3 The Cuban Revolution: the early years
    Clayton and Conniff, chap. 23 (pp. 474-486)
    song: "Playa Girón"

    Apr 5 Film: “Portrait of Teresa”
    Paper on de Jesus due.

    Apr 10 Finish “Portrait of Teresa”
    Burns: 296-313

    Apr 12 The U.S. in Latin America

    Apr 17 The 1970s: The Chilean road to socialism
    Clayton and Conniff, chap. 24
    song: “A Desalambrar”

    Apr 19 Film: “The Official Story”
    Research project due.

    Apr 24 Film and discussion: “The Official Story”

    Apr 26 Revolutions in Central America
    Clayton and Conniff, chap. 22 (pp. 463-466); chap. 23 (pp. 488-492); chap. 25 (pp. 539-543)

    May 1 Latin America Today
    Clayton and Conniff, chap. 26 (pp. 550-552)
    Paper on Bouvard due.

    Final Exam: Thursday May 10, 8:30-10:30.

    Salem State College is committed to providing equal access to the educational experience for all students in compliance with Section 504 of The Rehabilitation Act and The Americans with Disabilities Act and to providing all reasonable academic accommodations, aids and adjustments. Any student who has a documented disability requiring an accommodation, aid or adjustment should speak with the instructor immediately. Students with Disabilities who have not previously done so should provide documentation to and schedule an appointment with the Office for Students with Disabilities and obtain appropriate services.

    Short papers
    (one on each book (two on Sweet and Nash); 2-3 pages). These are informal, personal reactions to the readings. Think about the questions and issues the book raises, the perspective of the author, what is new, interesting or surprising, what seems convincing, what seems wrong or makes you uncomfortable, what seems unconvincing or difficult to understand. Be as specific as possible in identifying the events, concepts or ideas you are reacting to. Use quotes and specific page citations from the book. Although the paper is informal, you are expected to think and engage analytically with what you are reading.

    Final project/paper. 5 pages.
    Option 1: Research paper. Choose a topic of interest to you, and write an original research paper. You should focus on at least one primary source--eg newspaper articles, U.S. government documents, travel accounts, interviews, published primary materials (autobiography, document collections...)--use your imagination. Your goal is to come up with an original argument based on analysis of your primary materials. You should also include at least one recent secondary source--that is, a scholarly book or journal article that deals with the topic you are researching.
    One of the goals of a research paper is to engage effectively with your sources. When you are citing or summarizing information or an interpretation made by one of your sources, ATTRIBUTE it. But you need to do more than repeat information and interpretations taken from your sources—you need to develop your own analysis of the information. Make sure that you read and understand the hand-out on plagiarism.

    Option 2: Media analysis. Choose a major media source (for example, a daily newspaper) and write a critical analysis of its coverage of Latin America during the spring of 2001.

    Option 3. Field work. Write an original report and analysis on field work that you carry out. Field work could consist of interviews, oral histories, participant observation, or participation in a Latin America or Latino-oriented organization.

    Option 4. If you have an idea for an alternative assignment, feel free to discuss it with me!

    I strongly urge you to meet with me, or correspond with me by email, early in the semester and frequently as you decide on your topic and work on your project.
    History 325
    Survey of Latin America
    Short papers on Sweet and Nash

    Using at least two of the Sweet and Nash pieces as sources, develop a historical argument about colonial Latin America.

    The paper should be a discussion and development of your own ideas. You may start with a large general idea, but the more specific you can get as you develop it, the better. The goal is to make an ORIGINAL argument and look for EVIDENCE in your sources.

    Do NOT simply state your idea or argument in an introductory paragraph then summarize two of the stories which you believe support it. Rather, use specific examples from the stories to back up, illustrate, or provide evidence for specific points you want to make. Do not try to tell us everything about the story, or the person's life; rather, bring in aspects that are particularly relevant to the point you want to make. Do not let the sources speak for themselves; analyze and comment on them.

    As you read and analyze the stories, be aware of the difference between FACTS or INFORMATION and the author's OPINION. All of these stories include commentary, interpretation, and analysis by the authors about the information they've uncovered. Your job in the paper is to come up with your own commentary, interpretation, and analysis. If you mention an author's interpretation, identify it as such. You may also, of course, comment on the authors' interpretations. Just don't present the author's opinion as fact, or as your own interpretation.

    Remember that any words or phrases taken directly from the text need to be in quotation marks and cited with the page number. (Social science style citations, in parentheses in the text, are acceptable for this assignment.) Any paraphrase from the text needs to be cited with the page number as well. (This is true in ANY paper you write, not just this one.) But try to rely on your own ideas about the information that the author has uncovered, rather than the author's ideas and interpretations.

    2-3 pages, typed, double-spaced.

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