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Dr. Gary B. Cohen The University of Oklahoma
Fall Semester 1994 Office hours: Mondays & Wednesdays, 9:30-11:00 a.m., Wednesdays, 2:30-3:45 p.m., and by appointment. The following required books are available in paperback at the local bookstore recommended for purchase: Norman Davies. HEART OF EUROPE: A SHORT HISTORY OF POLAND (Oxford Univ. Press, paper). Jorg Hoensch, A HISTORY OF MODERN HUNGARY, 1867-1986 (Longmans, paper) Barbara Jelavich. HISTORY OF THE BALKANS: EIGHTEENTH & NINETEENTH CENTURIES (Cambridge Univ. Press, paper) Barbara Jelavich. HISTORY OF THE BALKANS: TWENTIETH CENTURY (Cambridge Univ. Press, paper) A. J. P. Taylor, THE HABSBURG MONARCHY, 1809-1918 (Univ. of Chicago Press, In addition to these books, the required readings include a small number of photocopied articles. Lecture Topics and Reading Assignments Week 1: Aug 22-26 - THE EARLY MODERN HERITAGE a) Introduction: lands and peoples. b) The heritage of fragmentation; Davies, Heart of Europe, pp. 279-306; Jelavich, Balkans: 18th & 19th Centuries, pp. 1-36. c) Economies and societies; Jelavich, 18th & 19th, pp. 39-98. Week 2: Aug 29-Sept 2 - THE MULTINATIONAL EMPIRES IN THE 18th CENTURY a) The Ottoman Empire; Jelavich, 18th & 19th, pp. 98-126. b) The Habsburg Monarchy; A. J. P. Taylor, Habsburg Monarchy, pp. 9-32; Jelavich, 18th & 19th, pp. 127-134. c) The Tsarist Empire; Davies, pp. 306-53. Week 3: Sept 5-9 - THE WINDS OF CHANGE a) Labor Day, September 5, no class. b) Reform efforts in the 18th century; Jelavich, 18th & 19th, pp. 134-168; Davies, pp. 311-23. c) Economics, peasants, and the state; I. Berend & G. Ranki, Economic Development in East-Central Europe, pp. 1-27 (XEROX); Davies, pp. 158-166. Week 4: Sept 12-16 - NATIONAL MOVEMENTS AS HISTORICAL PROCESS a) Nationalism and cultural revivals; Taylor, pp. 33-46; Jelavich, 18th & 19th Centuries b) Middle-class nationalism--the Czechs; Jan Havranek, "The Development of Czech Nationalism" (xerox). c) Nationalism and the Polish nobility; Davies, pp. 166-69, 175-236. Week 5: Sept 19-23 - NATIONAL MOVEMENTS IN AGRARIAN SOCIETIES a) Hungary's nationalist gentry; Hoensch, Hungary, pp. 1-10; Jelavich, 18th & 19th, pp. 300-308. b) The southern Slavs; Jelavich, 18th & 19th, pp. 193-254, 264-87. c) FIRST EXAMINATION, Friday, Sept. 23. Bring blue book[s]! Week 6: Sept 26-30 - SOCIAL CONFLICT & THE NATIONAL CAUSES AT MID-CENTURY a) The crisis of the 1840s; Taylor, pp. 47-70. b) The dilemma of gentry nationalism in Poland; Davies, pp. 236-78. c) The revolution of the Hungarian gentry; Taylor, pp. 71-82. Week 7: Oct 3-7 - THE LIBERAL EXPERIMENTS OF 1848 a) Middle-class liberals in Prague and Vienna; F. Palack , "Letter to the German National Assembly" [from H. Kohn, Pan-Slavism] (XEROX). b) The Austrian reaction; Taylor, pp. 83-94; Jelavich, 18th & 19th, pp. 308-327. c) University holiday; no class meeting. Week 8: Oct 10-14 - REACTION & DEVELOPMENT IN THE 1850s a) Neo-absolutist innovations; Hoensch, pp. 10-16, Taylor, pp. 95-108. b) Conservative modernization; Taylor, pp. 109-140; Hoensch, pp. 16-19. c) Development and German Liberal rule in Austria; Taylor, pp. 141-168. Week 9: Oct 17-21 - INDUSTRIALIZATION AND MODERNIZATION IN THE MULTINATIONAL EMPIRES a) The Hungarian revival; Hoensch, pp. 20-53; Taylor, pp. 185-195; Jelavich, 18th & 19th, pp. 327-28. b) Emerging national societies in the Balkans; Jelavich, 18th & 19th, pp. 287-299, 329-361, 366-80. c) Mass politics in a developing Poland; Davies, pp. 169-175; Wm. Hagen, "National Solidarity and Organic Work in Prussian Poland" (XEROX). Week 10: Oct 24-28 - MASS POLITICS AND SOCIAL CONFLICT, 1890-1914 a) National and social conflict, ca. 1900; Taylor, pp. 169-184, 196-213; Jelavich, Balkans: 20th Century, pp. 51-63. b) The Habsburg Monarchy's endemic apocalypse; Taylor, pp. 214-32; Hoensch, 53-83; Jelavich, 20th Century, pp. 63-78. c) SECOND EXAMINATION, Friday, October 28. Bring blue book[s]! *"Friday, October 28, is the last day to withdraw from courses with a W or F without petition to the college dean." Week 11: Oct 31-Nov 4 - THE LAST GAMBLES OF THE MULTINATIONAL EMPIRES a) Turkey and Balkan instability; Jelavich, 20th Century, pp. 13-50, 79-114 b) The Great War and the collapse of the empires; Davies, pp. 236-50; Jelavich, 20th Century, pp. 106-114; Taylor, pp. 233-51. c) The winning of national independence; Taylor, pp. 252-61; Jelavich, 20th Century, pp. 114-133. Week 12: Nov 7-11 - PEACE AND INDEPENDENCE a) Winning the peace; Davies, pp. 109-121; Hoensch, pp. 84-105; Z. Zeman, "The Emergence of Successor States," from The Making and Breaking of... b) Postwar politics and new borders; Jelavich, 20th Century, pp. 134-43; Z. A. B. Zeman, "The Triumph of Nationalism," pp. 98-109 (XEROX). c) Building new political systems; H. Seton-Watson,"The Political System of Eastern Europe between the Wars" (xerox ON RESERVE; not in packet!). Week 13: Nov 14-18 - THE PROBLEMS OF GOVERNING NEW STATES, I a) Questions of control: Hungary and the Balkans; Hoensch, pp. 105-123; Jelavich, 20th Century, pp. 143-166. b) Economic backwardness and development strategies; Davies, pp. 121-127, 129-148; Jelavich, 20th Century, pp. 166-184. c) Land and society; Jelavich, 20th Century, pp. 185-191. Week 14: Nov 21-25 - THE PROBLEMS OF GOVERNING NEW STATES, II a) Elites, the masses, and the minorities; J. Rothschild, "Czechoslovakia" b) & c) Thanksgiving holiday; no class. Week 15: Nov 28-Dec 2 - THE CRISIS OF THE 1930s * ESSAY ASSIGNMENT DUE IN CLASS, Monday, November 28 * a) The depression years; Hoensch, pp. 123-131; Davies, pp. 127-129; Jelavich, 20th Century, pp. 184-185. b) Social and political instability; Jelavich, 20th Century, pp. 192-209, c) The pawns of the Great Powers; Hoensch, pp. 131-145; I. Berend & G. Ranki, Economic Development in East-Central Europe, pp. 265-84 (XEROX) Week 16: Dec 5-9 - BETWEEN EAST AND WEST--TO MUNICH AND WORLD WAR II a) Between Hitler and Stalin; Jelavich, 20th Century, pp. 213-21. b) Divide and conquer: Munich. c) "Help Day," Friday, December 9 (no class meeting). THIRD/FINAL EXAMINATION, Wed., Dec. l4, 1994; 1:30 p.m. Bring blue book[s]! .
NATION-BUILDING IN EAST-CENTRAL EUROPE,1790-1939 (Lecture Course)
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