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Professor N. Miller Library 179 385-3902 email: firstname.lastname@example.org URL: http://www.idbsu.edu/history/nmiller
The History of the Balkan Peoples, 1453-1918
The countries of the Balkan peninsula include Greece, Bulgaria, Albania, Romania, Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia, Serbia, and Macedonia. Most of them share the long historical experience of belonging to the Ottoman empire. Between 1800 and 1878, many of them achieved independent statehood; since then, the struggle to consolidate and maintain independence has dominated their history. This course will consider the history of this region from 1453 to 1918, the period in which the region was dominated by the Ottoman empire. It will evaluate Ottoman rule in the Balkan peninsula, the collapse of Ottoman authority, and the rise of independent nation-states. I hope that the course will prepare you to better understand the turbulent politics of the Balkan states today. Perhaps it will allow us to throw off some of our preconceptions about the strange region once known as the "Near East." I have been working on a World Wide Web home page for the past several months. In it, I have established links to quite a few resources for the study of Eastern Europe. Given what is currently available on the web, its focus is on the present. So, although the page probably will not be of help to students in their studies and paper-writing for this class, it is worth taking a look at for those interested generally in the Balkans and Eastern Europe. The URL is listed at the top of this syllabus. Required books: Norman Itzkowitz, The Ottoman Empire and Islamic Tradition Mark Pinson, ed. The Muslims of Bosnia-Hercegovina: Their Historic Development from the Middle Ages to the Dissolution of Yugoslavia Charles and Barbara Jelavich, The Establishment of the Balkan National States, 1804-1920 Ismail Kadare, Broken April Requirements: See attached sheets Your grade in the course will be determined by tests and other written assignments. Although I will not take roll and do not count attendance in calculating grades, I consider your presence and participation mandatory. That means arriving on time, leaving when class is over but not before, and reading the week's materials before you arrive for class. 1. There will be 100 points available to all class levels 2. Everyone will be required to take a midterm and a final. 3. Each of you must turn in weekly commentary, or journal, on the readings, to be described below. This will be worth a cumulative total of 10 points, given at the end of the semester. 4. For specific requirements of each level, see accompanying sheets 5. If you cannot complete an assignment on time, call me before it is due. Otherwise, I will subtract 2 points per day for each day it is late. Journals: With the listing of weekly topics and readings below, there are questions or themes pertaining to the weeks readings which you should address in a notebook. I am not asking for well-written essays. Instead, commentary on the reading and brief consideration of the questions at hand will suffice. Hand it in in class each Wednesday, and I will have them ready for you to pick up by Thursday afternoon. From week 14, there will be no need for you to maintain this journal. Class Schedule: Week 1 (August 30): The Balkans and the Ottoman Conquest Readings: Itzkowitz, 3-36 What were the sources of strength of the Ottoman empire as it conquered Anatolia and the Balkan peninsula? Week 2 (September 6): Ottoman Administration of the Balkans Readings: Itzkowitz, 37-61; Pinson, 22-41; Karpat, "Millets and Nationality," (Reader, 1-15); Vryonis, "The Greeks under Turkish Rule" (Reader, 30-37) Did non-Turkish and non-Muslim groups survive under Ottoman governance? How did such groups protect their own cultures? Week 3 (September 13): The Eastern Question and the Era of National Revolutions Readings: Itzkowitz, 63-109; Jelavich, 3-52; Geanakoplos, "The Diaspora Greeks: The Genesis of Modern Greek National Consciousness" (Reader, 38-56); Petrovich, "The Role of the Serbian Orthodox Church in the First Serbian Uprising" (Reader, 57-80) What role did western developments (the Enlightenment, the French Revolution, the Napoleonic Wars) play in the emergence of national revolutionary movements in the Ottoman Empire? How did the Serbian Orthodox Church influence the Serbian revolutionary movement? Week 4 (September 20): New States: Greece and Serbia Readings: Jelavich, 53-83; "Serbia" (Reader, 81-90); Psomiades, "The Character of the New Greek State" (Reader, 91-99) What problems and opportunities faced the newly formed states of Greece and Serbia after they achieved autonomy? Compare them. Week 5 (September 27): The Ottoman Reform Era Readings: Jelavich, 99-114; Lewis, "The Ottoman Reform" (Reader, 100-127) Why did the Ottoman rulers determine that reform was necessary for their empire? Did the reforms succeed? Week 6 (October 4): Romania Readings: Jelavich, 84-98, 114-27; "Land and Peasants in the Early Nineteenth Century" (Reader, 128-146) What unique problems beset the Romanian independence movement and the Romanian state? Week 7 (October 11):The Ottoman Empire and the Eastern Crisis Readings: Jelavich, 141-57 What were the sources of the Eastern Crisis of 1875-1878? What were the consequences of the crisis? Week 8 (October 18): Bulgaria Readings: Jelavich, 128-40, 158-69; "Reforms of Midhat Pasha" (Reader, 147-151) Why did Bulgaria obtain independence later than the Serbs, the Greeks, and the Romanians? Week 9 (October 25): MIDTERM EXAM (2 hours) Week 10 (November 1): Focus on Bosnia Readings: Pinson, 54-128 What are the historical sources of conflict in Bosnia? Week 11 (November 8): Balkan States to 1914 Readings: Jelavich, 170-206; "The Theater of the Servian-Bulgarian War" (Reader, 152-186); "Nationalism in Action: Program of the Society of National Defense" (Reader, 187- 218) Characterize the nationalism of the "National Defense" organization. Comment on the nature of the Balkan Wars of 1912-1913. Week 12 (November 15): Topic: TBA. Film, TBA Week 13 (November 22): Albania Readings: Kadare, Broken April; Jelavich, 222-34 Are Albanians all of one religion? What divisions do we find in Albanian society? Week 14 (November 29): The First World War and the Peace Settlements in the Balkans Readings: Jelavich, 207-21, 284-327 Week 15 (December 6): The Balkans Past and Present Readings: Todorova, "The Balkans from Discovery to Invention"; George Kennan, "The Balkan Crises: 1913 and 1993" (Reader, 219-248) Week 16 (December 13): FINAL EXAM (2 hours) HY 381 .
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