Eastern Europe Since 1815
Professor E. Glassheim Email: email@example.com Phone: 258-6701
Office: G-26 Dickinson Office Hours: Wed. 11-12, Thurs. 10-11, and by appointment.
Preceptor: Dr. E. Bremner (firstname.lastname@example.org, 258-4171, G-31 Dickinson; off. hrs 11-12 Tu, W, Th)
This course will provide an historical overview of the lands, peoples, and states of Eastern Europe from 1815 to the present. Given the great flux in borders, sovereignties, and the ethnic profile of the region during this period, we will have to continually refine or redefine our concept of Eastern Europe, an area that roughly encompasses the band of countries stretching from today's Poland to the Balkans. In keeping with a convention that is not entirely free of political overtones, I will divide the region into two parts, East Central Europe and Southeastern Europe (the Balkans). Though the latter will appear at key points in our narrative, the class will focus primarily on the Central European territories of the Habsburg Monarchy and its successor states.
The first half of the course will look at how the supra-national Habsburg Empire and its eleven peoples negotiated the rise of nationalism, industrialism, and popular politics. We will analyze the Monarchy's strengths and weaknesses as it responded to serious internal and external challenges from 1848 to 1918. When war and nationalism finally destroyed the Empire in 1918, its unique constitution and ethnic structure would leave an enduring stamp on the region. In the second half of the course, we will turn to the Empire's successor states during the interwar period, as they struggled to consolidate new national states in a decidedly multi-national region. Though this experiment in nation-building collapsed under the Nazi German onslaught, it would return in Communist guise after the Second World War. The course will conclude with a look at dissident movements, Mikhail Gorbachev's renunciation of Soviet hegemony, and the subsequent wave of democratic revolutions in 1989.
John Mason, The Dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, 1997.
Eva Hoffmann, Shtetl, 1997.
Josef Roth. The Radetzky March, 1983 (1932).
Heda Margolius Kovaly. Under a Cruel Star [aka: Prague Farewell], 1997.
Gale Stokes. From Stalinism to Pluralism, 1991.
Gale Stokes. The Walls Came Tumbling Down, 1993.
Readings marked with an asterisk (*) are part of the course reading pack. Some are also available on the Internet. See the end of the syllabus for a list of readings and Internet addresses.
2 short essays (2-3 pages) 25% of grade
Discussion responses + precepts participation 20%
Term paper (7-10 pages) 30%
Take-home final exam (6-8 pages) 25%
Discussions are mandatory and will take place weekly. The professor will post questions for discussion via email by the Friday evening of the week preceding a given discussion. Short essays are due at the beginning of class on Feb. 28 and Apr. 4. The term paper is due on May 15. I will hand out a list of suggested topics early in the semester. You may also adopt a topic of your own choosing, though your preceptor must approve it in advance. All students are encouraged to use office hours or make an appointment to discuss their papers.
Week 1 (Feb. 5, 7)
Reading: *Magocsi 2-4, 76-82; Mason map, 1-22, doc1; *SchŲpflin
1. Introduction The Lands and Peoples of Eastern Europe
2. Lecture Backwardness, Imagined and Real
Week 2 (Feb. 12, 14)
Reading: *Wolff; Kundera in Stokes, ed., From Stalinism, 216-23; *Todorova; *Kohl; *Orton
3. Lecture The Habsburg Empire: State and Society
4. Lecture Defining the Nation: Czechs, Poles, Hungarians
Week 3 (Feb. 19, 21)
Reading: *Magocsi 83-89;*Palacky 1&2; *Deak1; Hungarian Declaration of Independence <http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/~habsweb/sourcetexts/hungind.html>; Roth 1st half
Assignment: Map Quiz
5. Lecture Springtime of Peoples: The Revolutions of 1848-49 in Austria and Hungary
6. Lecture Ottoman Decline and the "Balkanization" of Southeastern Europe
Week 4 (Feb. 26, 28)
Reading: *Magocsi 90-117; Mason 23-45, doc3-7,9,10; 1867 Compromise < http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/~habsweb/sourcetexts/auscon.htm>; *Deak2; Roth 2nd half
Assignment: 2-3 pg. essay
7. Lecture The Supra-National Empire: Forces for Unity in the Habsburg Monarchy
8. Lecture Industrialization and the Working Class
Week 5 (Mar. 5, 7)
Reading: *Magocsi 118-120; Mason 46-52, doc2,8,11-13,20; Mark Twain "Stirring Times in Austria" <http://www.h-net.msu.edu/~habsweb/sourcetexts/>; *Cohen; *Schorske
9. Lecture Nationalization of Public Life in Bohemia
10. Lecture Twilight and Effervescence: Fin de Siecle Culture in Vienna and Prague
Week 6 (Mar. 12, 14)
Reading: *Magocsi 121-129; Mason 53-91, doc14-19,21-23; *Barkey; *Roth
11. Lecture The Great War on the Eastern Front
12. Lecture The End of Empires: National Revolutions and the Treaties of Paris
Week 7 (Mar. 26, 28)
Reading: *Magocsi 130-148; *Rothschild; *Brubaker; start Hoffman
13. Lecture Stabilization and Democracy
14. Lecture Rise of the "Little Dictators"
Week 8 (Apr. 2, 4)
Reading: Hoffman, entire
Assignment: 2-3 pg. essay
15. Lecture Minorities in East Central Europe: Germans, Jews, Slovaks
16. Lecture Depression and the Shadow of Nazi Germany
Week 9 (Apr. 9, 11)
Reading: *Magocsi 152-168; *Capek; *Browning; *Glassheim
Film: Shop on Main Street
17. Lecture The Experience of German Occupation: Czechs, Poles, Jews
18. Lecture National Revolution in Eastern Europe: Ethnic Cleansing 1939-1948
Week 10 (Apr. 16, 18)
Reading: Kovaly entire; Stokes doc 7, 9-11
1 pg response to Kovaly
19. Lecture National Roads to Socialism
20. Lecture Stalinism and Soviet Hegemony
Week 11 (Apr. 23, 25)
Reading: *Magocsi 169-172; Stokes2 chpt 1-4; Stokes doc 12, 14-16, 19-21,28-29; *Drakulic
Film: Man of Marble
21. Lecture State and Society under Communism
22. Lecture The Power of the Powerless: Dissidence and Revolt, 1956-88
Week 12 (Apr. 30, May 2)
Reading: *Magocsi 173-176; Stokes chpt 5-8; Stokes doc 45-47
23. Lecture Collapse of the Soviet Empire
24. Lecture Velvet Revolution, Rocky Transition: 1989 and After
Course Reading Pack