HISTORY 3747W: HABSBURG CENTRAL EUROPE, 1740-1918
Fall Semester 2001 Dr. Gary B. Cohen
Office hours: Social Sciences Bldg. 674
Tuesdays & Thursdays, 11:00-11:50 a.m., tel. 612-624-5712 or 624-9811
and by appointment e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The following required books are available in paperback at the local bookstores and are recommended for purchase:
Charles W. Ingrao, The Habsburg Monarchy, 1618-1815, 2nd ed. (Cambridge Univ.
Alan Sked, The Decline and Fall of the Habsburg Empire, 1815-1918, 2nd ed. (Longman, paper)
A. J. P. Taylor, The Habsburg Monarchy, 1809-1918 (Univ. of Chicago Press, paper)
Samuel R. Williamson, Jr., Austria-Hungary and the Origins of the First World War (St. Martin's Press, paper)
In addition to these books, the required readings include a small number of
important articles and book chapters, which are
included in a xeroxed packet available at the West Bank Bookstore. We will also use a number of historical documents which
will be found on several websites, primarily the HABSBURG website (http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/~habsweb/sourcetexts/ ) All
of the required books and xeroxed articles and chapters, but NOT the website documents, are available at the reserve desk in
Topics for Class Meetings and Reading Assignments
Week 1: Sept 3-7 - CENTRAL EUROPE: THE LANDS BETWEEN
a) Introduction: lands and peoples.
b) The rise of the Danubian Monarchy; A. J. P. Taylor, The Habsburg Monarchy,
pp. 9-21; C. W. Ingrao, The Habsburg
Monarchy, pp. 1-22.
Week 2: Sept 10-14 - THE CRISIS OF THE 17th CENTURY AND THE RISE OF THE ABSOLUTIST STATE
a) The crisis of the mixed monarchy and the Thirty Years' War; Ingrao, pp. 23-52.
b) The Counter-reformation and the consolidation of the Habsburg state; Ingrao,
Week 3: Sept 17-21 - STATE AND SOCIETY IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY
a) Lord, peasant, and the state in the 18th century; Ingrao, pp. 105-149.
b) The absolutist state asserts itself; Ingrao, pp. 150-177.
Week 4: Sept 24-28 - THE ERA OF ENLIGHTENED REFORMS
a) Efforts to make a stronger state and society; Ingrao, pp. 178-202.
b) Winners and losers; Ingrao, pp. 202-09.
Week 5: Oct 1-5 - THE CRISIS OF THE ABSOLUTIST REGIMES, THE NAPOLEONIC WARS, AND REACTION
a) Nobility vs. the crown; Ingrao, pp. 209-225.
b) Warfare and the re-consolidation of the absolutist state; Ingrao, pp. 226-41.
Week 6: Oct 8-12 - STATE AND SOCIETY IN THE EARLY NINETEENTH CENTURY
a) Francis and Metternich: stability and stagnation; Ingrao, pp. 242-47; Taylor,
pp. 22-46; A. Sked, Decline and Fall, pp.
b) The winds of economic and social change; Sked, pp. 68-82; David Good, Chapter
2 from The Economic Rise of the
Habsburg Empire, 1750-1914, pp. 38-73 (XEROX in packet or on reserve)
* Draft of First Essay Due in Class, Thurs., October 11*
Week 7: Oct 15-19 - THE MID-NINETEENTH CENTURY CRISIS
a) The rise of liberal nationalist movements; Taylor, pp. 47-56; Sked, pp.
42-90; Jan Havránek, "The Development of Czech
Nationalism," (XEROX); Robert Nemes, "Associations and Civil Society in Reform-Era Hungary" (XEROX); document:
Prince Metternich on the meeting of the Hungarian Diet in Pressburg -
b) 1848: collapse from above or revolt from below? - Taylor, pp. 57-82; Sked,
pp. 91-139; document: Letter of F. Palacký
to the Frankfurt Parliament -
document, Metternich on the death of Emperor Francis -
documents on Hungary in 1848 -
Week 8: Oct 22-26 - REACTION & DEVELOPMENT IN THE 1850s
a) Counter-revolution and conservative modernization; Taylor, pp. 83-94; Sked,
pp. 140-170; David F. Good, Chapter 3
from The Economic Rise of the Habsburg Empire, 1750-1914, pp. 74-95 (XEROX).
b) FIRST EXAMINATION in class.
* Friday, October 26, is the last day to withdraw from a course without the
approval of the instructor and a college
Week 9: Oct 29 - Nov 2 - ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE BOOM ERA, 1859-1873
a) The Gründerzeit: the great boom era; Taylor, pp. 95-122.
*Revised first essay due in class, Tuesday, October 30*
b) The Hungarian revival and the Austro-Hungarian Compromise; Taylor, pp. 123-140;
Sked, pp. 170-212; document: the
Austrian constitution of 1867 -
Week 10: Nov 5-9 - STATE AND SOCIETY IN THE LIBERAL ERA, 1867-1879
a) German liberal dominance in Austria; Taylor, pp. 141-155; Sked, 223-43;
Pieter M. Judson, "Whether Race or Conviction
Should be the Standard': National Identity and Liberal Politics in 19th-century Austria" (XEROX).
b) The rule of the liberal gentry in Hungary; Taylor, pp. 185-195; Sked, pp.
212-223; Peter Hanák, "Hungary in the
Austro-Hungarian Monarchy" (XEROX).
Week 11: Nov 12-16 - POLITICAL MOBILIZATION & THE GROWTH OF THE NATIONAL CONFLICTS
a) The lower middle classes and workers in the era of capitalist industrialization;
Taylor, pp. 156-168; J. Robert Wegs,
Chapter 3 of Growing Up Working Class in Vienna, pp. 55-74 (XEROX); Erna Appelt, "The Gendering of the Service
Sector in Austria at the End of the 19th Century" (XEROX).
b) The political mobilization of the nationalities in Austria and Hungary;
Taylor, pp. 169-184, 196-213.
Week 12: Nov 19-23 - CULTURAL REVOLT AT THE END OF THE 19TH CENTURY
a) Secession from the liberal cultural and intellectual traditions; Carl E.
Schorske, "Grace and the Word: Austria's Two
Cultures and their Modern Fate" (XEROX); Schorske, "Politics and the Psyché in Fin-de-siecle Vienna: Schnitzler and
Hofmannsthal" (XEROX); and Peter Hanák, "The Garden and the Workshop: Reflections on Fin-de-siècle Culture in Vienna
and Budapest" (XEROX).
b) Thanksgiving holiday, November 22; no class meeting.
Week 13: Nov 26-30 - MASS POLITICS AND THE RADICALIZATION OF PUBLIC LIFE AFTER 1890
a) Mass politics and the revolt against old liberal and conservative control;
Carl E. Schorske, "Politics in a New Key: An
Austrian Triptych" (XEROX); S. Williamson, Austria-Hungary, pp. 1-57; document: "Stirring Times in Austria" by Mark
b) The radical nationalist, Christian Social, and Social Democratic alternatives;
T. Mills Kelly, "Taking it to the Streets: Czech
National Socialists in 1908" (XEROX).
Week 14: Dec 3-7 - ENDEMIC APOCALYPSE: INSTABILITY AT HOME AND BEYOND THE BORDERS
a) Recurring crises and the bureaucratic responses; Taylor, pp. 214-32; Williamson,
* Second Essay Due in Class, Tuesday, December 4*
b) The Balkans and domestic instability; Williamson, pp. 100-163; Sked, pp.
244-77; documents: the Rijeka and Zadar
Week 15: Dec 10-14 - THE LAST GAMBLES OF THE MULTINATIONAL EMPIRE
a) The Monarchy at war; Taylor, pp. 233-51; Williamson, pp. 164-216; Sked, pp. 288-323.
b) The impact of war and the collapse of the empire; Taylor, pp. 252-61; document:
"Independent Bohemia," by T. G.
SECOND/FINAL EXAMINATION: 8:00-10:00 a.m., Friday, December 21, 2001
COURSE FORMAT AND REQUIREMENTS
Class meetings will be conducted in a mixed lecture-discussion format with
emphasis on discussion. The readings for every
meeting, particularly any documents or articles assigned, should therefore be read before class. All members of the class are
expected to participate in class discussions, and from time to time, members of the class will be asked to assist with
discussions, either individually or in small groups.
You are EXPECTED TO ATTEND CLASS, but class time will not be wasted in taking
roll. This is not a correspondence
course, and frequent absences will result in poor performance. Quizzes are not a desired practice, but bad attendance or
neglect of the readings by the class can provoke extraordinary measures. University rules against plagiarism and other forms of
academic misconduct will be honored and enforced.
The two examinations will be closed-book, essay-type examinations based on
the required readings and the lecture material.
Study sheets with lists of possible identification items and topics for possible essay questions will be distributed ten days to two
weeks before each test date. The last examination will cover only the subject matter of the second half of the course. Every
member of the class is expected to take the same examinations at the same time as everyone else. In the interests of fairness,
make-up examinations will be given ONLY in case of a verified serious illness or the verified death of a spouse, parent, or
sibling. Do not even think about other reasons! The two examinations and the two essay assignments will count roughly equally
in calculating the final course grade. Class participation, where of quality, will count up to 20% of the final grade.
This course is designated as writing intensive. Accordingly, there will be
two essay assignments, each a think-piece of
approximately eight to nine pages in answer to a question or choice of questions provided by the instructor. A draft of the first
essay will be due in class on Thursday, October 11; the final version of that essay will be due on Tuesday, October 30. The
second essay (final version) will be due in class on Tuesday, December 4. Each essay is expected to be in correct English and
meet appropriate standards of academic honesty; these essays will be based primarily on the required readings and lectures.
To be eligible for course credit, both of the examinations must be taken and
both essay assignments completed and turned in.
Failure to take any of the examinations or to turn in either of the essay assignments will result in failing the course. Anyone
enrolled in the course who has attended after the first week and wishes to withdraw from the course must go through the
normal withdrawal procedure to be eligible for a "W." Each of the two examinations will count for 25 percent of the course
grade; each of the take-home essays will count for 20 percent. The quality of class participation will count for up to 10 percent
of the course grade.
Please feel free to ask questions during class, after class sessions, or during
the office hours which are listed at the head of this
syllabus. Any student in this course who has a documented disability which may affect his or her performance in the course
should contact the University of Minnesota Office of Disability Services and the instructor as soon as possible so that
appropriate accommodations can be arranged.