Austria-Hungary and its Successors, 1867-1938
Spring Semester, 2006
Office Hours: 1:45-3:15, Luce Hall 245
This is a reading course. The paper assignment is a review essay of one or more of the synthetic works assigned (Gellner, Hroch, Seton-Watson, Pauley, Kann, Bérenger, or another work in consultation with the instructor), exploiting monographic studies on the syllabus as well as your own research. In this review you must explain the substantial contribution and historiographic significance of the chosen work before moving to any critique. At least one line of critique must concern causality. If you wish to write a research paper instead you may do so, in consultation with the instructor. The weekly assignment is to prepare a brief oral introduction to the reading.
What are the connections between the structure and policies of the Habsburg monarchy and the rise (or the absence) of modern nationalism in central Europe?
Part One: The Monarchy
Introduction. 11 January.
The Empire Unnamed. 18 January.
Ernest Gellner, Nations and Nationalism, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1983.
Miroslav Hroch, Social Preconditions of National Revival in Europe, New York: Columbia University Press, 2000, 1-30, 44-61, 98-106.
The Empire Undone: Three Views. 25 January.
Robert Kann, A History of the Habsburg Empire, 1529-1918, Berkeley: University of California Press, 406-464.
Jean Bérenger, A History of the Habsburg Empire 1700-1918, Harlow: Addison Wesley, 1990, 209-289.
A. J. P. Taylor, The Habsburg Monarchy, 1809-1918, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1976.
The Decline of Liberalism: Two Views 1 February
John W. Boyer, Culture and Political Crisis in Vienna: Christian Socialism in Power, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991, 184-410.
Carl E. Schorske, Fin-de-Siècle Vienna: Politics and Culture, New York: Vintage, 1981, 116-180.
Beyond Nationalism? The Army 8 February.
István Deák, Beyond Nationalism: A Social and Political History of the Habsburg Officer Corps, 1848-1918, New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.
War as Self-Determination. 15 February.
Mark Cornwall, The Undermining of Austria-Hungary: the Battle for Hearts and Minds, New York: St. Martin's, 2000.
CCL reserved to here.
Part Two: Successors
Eastern Europe? Two Syntheses. 22 February
Hugh Seton Watson, Eastern Europe Between the Wars, Hamden: Archon Books, 1962, chapters 4, 5, 6.
Bruce F. Pauley, The Habsburg Legacy, 1867-1939, New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1972.
Polish-Ukrainian-Jewish Galicia. 1 March
Alexander Motyl, The Turn to the Right, New York: Columbia University Press, 1980.
Andrei Markovits and Frank Sysyn, eds., Nationbuilding and the Politics of Nationalism, Cambridge: Ukrainian Research Institute, 1982, 1-110.
Bohemian Divisions. 22 March
Jeremy King, Budweisers into Czechs and Germans: A Local History of Bohemian Politics, 1848-1918, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2002.
29 March: No class. Individual discussions of paper topics.
Romania and Hungary. 5 April
Irina Livezeanu, Cultural Politics in Greater Romania, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1995.
Hans Rogger and Eugen Weber, The European Right: A Historical Profile, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1965, 364-407, 501-574,
Austria and Anschluss. 12 April.
Rolf Steininger, "12 November 1918-12 March 1938: The Road to Anschluss," Rolf Steininger, Günter Bischof, and Michael Gehler, eds., Austria in the Twentieth Century, New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 85-114.
Bruce F. Pauley, "The Social and Economic Background of Austria's Lebensunfähigkeit," in Anson Rabinbach, ed., The Austrian Socialist Experiment, Boulder: Westview Press, 1985, 21-37.
Klemens von Klemperer, "The Habsburg Heritage," in Anson Rabinbach, ed., The Austrian Socialist Experiment, Boulder: Westview Press, 1985, 11-19.
Jürgen Gehl, Austria, Germany, and the Anschluss, 1931-1938, London: Oxford University Press, 1963.
19 April. Paper presentations. Drafts circulated by email to the class no later than 17 April at 9:00am for discussion in this class.
26 April 4:45. Final papers due in print form in the instructor's box at HGS.