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  • H-DC Awards
    2004
    Vision Award --Committee of 100 on the Federal City
    2005 
    Mayor’s Awards for Excellence in Historic Preservation

    A Timeline of Washington DC History

    H-DC / DC History

    A Timeline of Washington DC History


    National Capital Revitalization Corporation and Anacostia Waterfront Corporation abolished
    Mayor proposes introduction of taxi meters
     
    1600s
      Piscataway Indians inhabit area
    1608
      Captain John Smith sails up the Potomac from Jamestown
    1632
      Henry Fleete, English fur trader, lives in the Washington area
    1663
      Duddington Manor established.
    1749
      Alexandria established
    1751
      May 15, 1751 --Town of George established--commissioners appointed by Maryland Assembly to lay out town (George Gordon and George Beall's land)
    1752
      February 27, 1752 Town of George (80 lots) -- surveyed and platted
    1783
      "Federal Town" proposed in Continental Congress
    1788
      June 21, 1788 -- Constitution ratified--exclusive jurisdiction clause: Article 1, Section 8, Clause 17, gives Congress authority "to exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten miles square) as may by cession of particular States, and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the government of the United States....".
    1790
      July 16, 1790 - Residency Act of 1790 -- empowers the President to choose a site for the capital city on the east bank of the Potomac River between the mouth of the Eastern Branch (Anacostia River) and the Connogocheague Creek (now Conococheague) near Hagerstown, nearly 70 miles upstream.

    Library of Congress American Memory Today in History: July 16

    1791
      January 22, 1791 -- Thomas Johnson and Daniel Carroll of Rock Creek, appointed by Washington as commissioners, representing Maryland and Dr. David Stuart, to represent Virginia, as Commissioners

    January 24, 1791 -- President Washington selects site at confluence of Potomac and Eastern Branch

    Peter Charles L'Enfant designs capital city

    Presidential proclamation made by George Washington "to survey and limit a part of the territory of ten miles square on both sides of the river Potomac, so as to comprehend Georgetown, in Maryland, and extend to the Eastern Branch." Andrew Ellicott and Benjamin Banneker begin surveying district boundaries

    1792
      Cornerstone laid for Presidential Palace (now White House)


    L'Enfant fired over conflict with Daniel Carroll and others.

    Library of Congress American Memory Today in History: October 13

    1793
      793 Congress House (now Capitol) cornerstone laid
    1800
      December 1, 1800 Government moves from Philadelphia


    DC Population 14,003


    President Adams addresses Congress in joint session


    National Intelligencer newspaper founded

    1801
      Library of Congress established

    Congress assumes jurisdiction over the District of Columbia

    February 27, 1801 - Congress creates the counties of Washington and Alexandria.

    Supreme Court arrives

    1802
      May 3, 1802 -- Charter granted creating City of Washington municipal government


    Robert Brent -- first mayor appointed 

    1806
      Public schools (for whites) open
    1807
      Public school (for freed blacks) opens in DC
    1808
      February 8, 1808 Washington Bridge Co. authorized by an Act of Congress to construct the "Long Bridge" as a toll crossing. 
    1810
      Population 24,023
    1812
      Charter of the City of Washington to provide for an eight-member board of aldermen and a 12-member common council. The aldermen and the common council now elect the mayor.


    The first wedding at the White House. Dolley Madison's widowed sister, Lucy Payne Washington, to Supreme Court Justice Thomas Todd

    1814
      British burn Capitol, White House and other buildings. First Lady Dolley Madison rescues many of the Executive Mansion's treasures, including Gilbert Stuart's portrait of Washington.

    Library of Congress American Memory Today in History August 19

    1815
      Old Brick Capitol houses Congress during rebuilding of Capitol


    Congress votes to keep Washington as nation's capital and votes funds for city's reconstruction


    Personal library of Thomas Jefferson purchased for the Library of Congress to replace that burned by the British in 1814

    1816
       St. John's Church Lafayette Square opens
    1817
      1817 Executive Mansion rebuilt, its charred walls painted white.


     President Monroe returns to the Executive Mansion

    1819
      The Congress moves back into reconstructed Capitol.
    1820
      Population 33,039


    March 15, 1820 - Congress amends the Charter of the City of Washington allowing for the direct election of the mayor by resident voters

    1822
      1822 Population reaches 33,000
    1824
      Lafayette Square named after the Marquis de Lafayette during his visit and as he is honored in city-wide ceremonies


    Capitol Rotunda is completed. 

    1828
      Chesapeake and Ohio Canal completed
    1829
       James Smithson leaves money in his will for an Institution for the "increase and diffusion of knowledge."


    First petition to Congress to abolish slavery in Washington

    Library of Congress American Memory Today in History June 27

    1830
      1830 DC population 39,834
    1833
      Treasury building burns to the ground
    1835
      Baltimore and Ohio Railroad reaches Washington, initiating the decline of canal traffic through Georgetown and Washington


    Attempt on life of President Jackson during a state funeral at the Capitol


    Snow Riots

    1836
      Construction begins on new Treasury Building


    Entire patent collection as Patent Office Building burns

    1840
      1840 DC population 43,712
    1841
      President William Henry Harrison dies from pneumonia, probably contracted during his inauguration--the shortest presidential term in history
    1842
      Charles Dickens makes infamous visit to Washington, which he finds to be a foolish and pretentious village, calling it the "city of magnificent intentions"
    1844
      May 24, 1844 First successful use of Morse code sent from Washington to Baltimore. "What hath God wrought" was the first telegraph message sent by Samuel F.B. Morse from the Supreme Court chambers in the Capitol along wires placed on poles beside the B&O's Washington branch

    Library of Congress American Memory Today in History May 24

    1846
      Smithsonian founded


    July 9, 1846 - Congress passes a law returning the city of Alexandria and Alexandria County to the state of Virginia.


    Election on retrocession (763 for, 222 against), September 7, 1846 President Polk issues proclamation retroceding Alexandria

    1848
      National Era newspaper is attacked by angry mobs


    Cornerstone of the Washington Monument is laid 


     Emancipation debate intensifies when abolitionists free 77 Washington slaves and spirit them away on a boat, The Pearl, only to be stopped and the slaves recaptured.


    May 17, 1848 - Congress adopts a new charter for the City of Washington and expands the number of elected offices to include a board of assessors, a surveyor, a collector and a registrar

    1849
      Congressman Abraham Lincoln offers legislation to emancipate DC slaves
    1850
      Chesapeake and Ohio Canal is finally completed

    DC population 51,867


    President Taylor dies in office, serves 1 year 227 days. He was the second president to die in office.


    Compromise of 1850 abolishes the slave trade in Washington, DC. It also establishes the Texas-New Mexico border and declares Congress cannot interfere in regulating interstate slave trade

    Library of Congress American Memory Today in History October 10

    Library of Congress American Memory Today in History September 20

    1851
      April 9,1851 B&O RR Station opens at New Jersey Ave & C St NW


    Fire at the Library of Congress destroys 2/3 of its collection. Many of the volumes have since been replaced, but nearly 900 are still missing.


    Myrtilla Miner founds Normal School for Colored Girls

    1852
      Evening Star newspaper founded
    1853
      Clark Mill's statue of Andrew Jackson is dedicated in Lafayette Square


    Work begins on aqueduct to bring water from Great Falls into Washington

    1855
      B&O connects their New Jersey Ave station with the north shore of Long Bridge via Maryland Ave. No tracks placed on bridge until the Civil War. Tracks owned jointly by both the Alexandria & Washington RR and the B&O RR


    James Renwick's red castle is completed on the Mall to house the Smithsonian Institution


    Washington Monument funds run out, and the construction stops at 55 feet

    1857
      "Know Nothing" riots in Washington kill six people


    House of Representative moves into current home in south wing of the Capitol

    1859
      The Senate moves into the enlarged north wing of the Capitol; it is the same structure that the Senate resides in today
    1860
      DC population 75,080


    Supreme Court moves from its basement courtroom in the Capitol to the former Old Senate Chamber

    1861
      Congress institutes strict loyalty oaths for all federal and local government employees

    Metropolitan Police created

    The US Capitol houses Union soldiers, providing medical attention and a place to sleep. The Capitol grounds served as a popular parade area for troops.

    1862
      April 16, 1862 - Congress abolishes slavery in the federal district (the City of Washington, Washington County, and Georgetown). This action predates both the Emancipation Proclamation and the adoption of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution.

    July 29,1862 First Horsecar service via rail commences from the Capitol to the State Department

     Freedman's Hospital is founded. Major Alexander Augusta, a black surgeon, is placed in charge. The hospital changed its name to Howard University Hospital 100 years later.

    President Lincoln's son Willie dies of typhoid fever in the White House

    Library of Congress American Memory Today in History April 16

    1863
      "Statue of Freedom" is placed atop the Capitol--sculpted by Thomas Crawford.
    1865
      Capitol dome completed; Lee surrenders to Grant on April 8; Lincoln assassinated at Ford's Theatre on April 14.


    1865 Fire at Smithsonian castle destroys the Institution's collection of scientific artifacts


    May 23, 1865 Army of the Potomac parades down Pennsylvania Avenue 

    Library of Congress American Memory Today in History April 14

    Library of Congress American Memory Today in History April 14

    Library of Congress American Memory Today in History May 23

    1866
      April 19 African Americans celebrate emancipation 
    1867
      Development of Washington's park system begins


    Howard University is chartered and named after General Howard, who was then the commissioner of the Freedmen's Bureau

    Overriding President Johnson's veto, Congress grants the male black citizens of DC the right to vote

    1869
      National Intelligencer shuttered, after 69 years
    1870
      DC population 131,700
    1871
      June 1, 1871 - The elected mayor and council of Washington City and Georgetown, and the County Levy Court are abolished by Congress and replaced by a governor and council appointed by the president. An elected House of Delegates and a non-voting delegate to Congress are created. In this act, the jurisdiction and territorial government came to be called the District of Columbia, thus combining the governments of Georgetown, the City of Washington and the County of Washington. A seal and motto, "Justitia Omnibus" (Justice for All), are adopted for the District of Columbia (seal and motto are used to this day)

    Alexander Shepherd begins city improvement program as head of the Public Works commission bibliography

    1873
      September 1873 - Shepherd appointed governor

    1874
      June 20, 1874 - The territorial government of the District of Columbia, including the non-voting delegate to Congress, is abolished. Three temporary commissioners and a subordinate military engineer are appointed by the president.
    1877
      Lucy Hayes sponsors the first Easter egg-rolling contest at the White House


    Washington Post founded by Stilson Hutchins

    1878
      June 11, 1878 - In The Organic Act of 1878, Congress approves the establishment of the District of Columbia government as a municipal corporation governed by three presidentially appointed commissioners _ two civilian commissioners and a commissioner from the Army corps of engineers. This form of government lasted until August 1967.
    1879
      The Capitol gets electric lighting 
    1880
      DC population 177,624
    1881
      July 2,1881 President James A. Garfield shot by Charles J. Guiteau, a disappointed office seeker at B&P station. Garfield dies from blood poisoning September 19,1881

    Library of Congress American Memory Today in History July 2

    1882
      First edition of the Washington Bee, a widely read African American newspaper, is published
    1883
      1883 C&P is formed; services 900 phones
    1884
      The Washington Monument is completed

    Library of Congress American Memory Today in History December 6

    1885
      Sun Building opens--city's first skyscraper

    Washington Monument is dedicated before a crowd of thousands

    1886
      Uniontown renamed Anacostia 
    1887
      L'Enfant's original manuscript of the Plan Of the City of Washington is rediscovered
    1888
      August 27, 1888 Subdivision law passed


    Washington Monument opens to the public


    October 17,1888 First experimental electric trolley in Washington 7th & NY Ave NW to 4th & T NE, only months after Frank Sprague's successful demonstrations in Richmond, Va.

    1889
      Late May/early June, 1889 Potomac River floods extensively damage C&O Canal. Would be another 2+ years before the canal reopens, now under the control of the paralleling B&O RR. Canal reopened September, 1891 & never 'made money' again.
    1890
      May 12,1890 Cable car operation commences

    DC population 230,392

    National Zoo moves its animals from the Mall to its new home at Rock Creek Park

    White House gets electric lighting 

    1893
      Permanent Systems of Highways, March 2, 1893
    1894
      Cairo Hotel built, prompting building height limitation regulations by District Commissioners


    Congress mandates NO overhead wires or power poles in Washington city proper


    Columbia Historical Society established (now Historical Society of Washington, D.C.)


    Coxey's Army arrives in Washington to demand financial aid for unemployed Americans

    1895
      First section of Highway plan submitted
    1896
      Public Library established

    July 29,1896 First successful electric conduit operation for streetcars in Washington. Only Washington & New York City-Manhattan Island ever adopt this type of operation in the United States. Overhead wires permitted outside city limits 

    1897
      First automobiles drive on city streets

    Library of Congress building opens 

    Library of Congress American Memory Today in History November 1

    1898
      Last Horsecar operation


    Permanent Systems of Highways legislation revised

    1899
      July 23,1899 Last cable car operation in Washington, D.C.


    Prompted by construction of he fourteen-story Cairo apartment building, Congress passes the Height of Buildings Act 

    1900
      DC population 278,718


    Potomac dredging work leads to creation of Potomac Parks and Tidal Basin


    Washington celebrates its centennial

    1901
      McMillan Commission plans development of Mall from Capitol to Lincoln Memorial.


    Anna Cooper becomes principal of M Street High School (later renamed Dunbar)


    Theodore Roosevelt officially adopts the name White House for the presidential residence

    1903
      February 28, 1903 President Theodore Roosevelt signs into law a measure "to provide for a Union Station in the District of Columbia."


    October, 1903-1908 Union Station constructed & opened at a cost of $16 million including facilities, Brentwood car shops, etc. 24 at-grade crossings with B&O removed from service by relocation & new construction. Washington Terminal RR created to provide switching services for station owners (B&O and PRR) and tenants from the south (Chesapeake & Ohio, RF&P, Southern, Atlantic Coast Line, and Seaboard). Many at-grade crossings eliminated from the Virginia Ave mainline with new elevated trackage.


    Carnegie-funded Washington Public Library opens at Mount Vernon Square 

    1906
      July 4, 1906 - The District Building, on 14th Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, becomes the official City Hall.

    December 30,1906 Train wreck at Terra Cotta near present day Fort Totten. 52 killed on train & platform resulting in ICC banning future wooden body passenger car construction

    Board of Education appointed by Supreme Court of the District of Columbia 

    1907
      Union Station opens, largest train station in country


    October 27,1907 Last B&O train leaves from New Jersey Ave. station (2:52 AM the "Duquesne Limited" for Pittsburgh) & Ist train arrives (6:5 0 AM from Pittsburgh) into partially completed Union Station. Old B&O station abandoned & quickly demolished.


    November 17, 1907 1st PRR train in & out of Union Station. Other rail lines from the south also commence usage. B&P station & adjacent Mall trackage abandoned. Old B&P station demolished after August, 1908


    President Roosevelt presides over ground-breaking for the Washington National Cathedral 

    1908
      June 24, 1908 First streetcar service to Union Station, over 8 months after opening 


    1Union Station formally dedicated. Designed by architect Daniel Burnham 

    1909
     

    Orville Wright’s demonstration flight for the federal government takes him from Fort Myer to Shuter’s Hill and back

    1910
      DC population 331,069


    May 17, 1910 Commission of Fine Arts established 

    1912
      Cherry trees, a gift from Japan, planted in Tidal Basin.

    Library of Congress American Memory Today in History March 27


     Washington chapter of NAACP opens. This soon became the center of NAACP's government activities. 

    1913
      1913 Public Utilities Commission established


     Suffragist Parade March 13 

    1914
      Construction of the Lincoln Memorial begins
    1915
      Carter Woodson founds the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History in Washington 
    1917
       America enters World War I and Washington's population swells with war workers. Rows of temporary war buildings are erected around the Mall. 
    1919
      "Red Summer" riots tear city apart, kill thirty people, and leave race relations in tatters 
    1920
      DC population 437,571

    Zoning Commission established and first zoning regulations created

    1922
        Lincoln Memorial completed

    .
    Knickerbocker Theater roof caves in, killing 96

    1923
      Freer Galley of Art opens
    1924
      Late March (29),1924 C&O Canal finally ceases operating after another of many floods (the 5th) causes excessive damage. The Canal had been owned for many years by the B&O RR, keeping other would-be competitors (the Western Md. Railway.) from the property. B&O keeps the canal serviceable though mostly dry until the 1936 floods and then sells the entire 184.7 mile long canal, Georgetown, DC to Cumberland, Md to the US Park Service in October, 1938 for $2,000,000

     Key Bridge is opened


    Washington Senators win the world series against the New York Giants 4 games to 3


    National Capital Park Commission organized

    1926
      National Capital Planning Commission (originally National Capital Park Commission, then National Capital Park and Planning Commission) organized
    1929
      Construction begins on Federal Triangle
    1930
      DC population 486,869 
    1931
      Hunger marchers come to Washington
    1932
      Arlington Memorial Bridge is completed


    Bonus Army arrives in city, encamping in empty buildings and on banks of Anacostia. President Hoover refuses to meet with the Bonus Army, and Congress turns down the marchers' demand for bonus pay. General Douglas MacArthur's troops chase marchers from city in day of bitter violence.


    Folger Shakespeare Library opens


    Having used borrowed quarters for 143 years, the Supreme Court moves to its own building 

    Library of Congress American Memory Today in History July 28

    1933
      December 1, 1933 Capital Transit formed by consolidation of Washington Railway & Electric Co and Capital Traction Co. thereby placing all street railways under one management for the first time


    Eugene Meyer buys Washington Post at bankruptcy auction from McLean family


    The 20th Amendment changes the date of the President's inauguration from March 4 to January 20

    1935
      1935 First Cherry Blossom Festival takes place
    1936
      Mary McLeod Bethune becomes the first black woman to head a federal agency, the Division of Negro Affairs of the National Youth Administration 

    Washington Redskins win the National Football League championship 28-21 against the Chicago Bears

    1937
      Negro League baseball champions, the Homestead Grays move to Washington. They play at Griffith Stadium, home of the Senators
    1939
      Frank Capra's Mr. Smith Goes to Washington premieres


    DAR refuses to let renowned African American opera singer Marian Anderson sing at Constitution Hall because of a long-standing policy of racial segregation. With the help of first Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, Anderson is invited to sing from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. About 75,000 people, both black and white, gather to hear Anderson

    1940
      DC population 663,000


    Mary Church Terrell publishes her autobiography A Colored Woman in a White World 

    1941
      First plane lands at National Airport

    ; United States declares war on Japan.

    1942
      Massive construction takes place in DC to fill wartime need for housing and office space 
    1943
      Jefferson Memorial completed

    Pentagon completed 

    1950
      DC population 802,178


    President Truman and family move to Blair House as White House renovation begins


    September 22, 1950 Old Georgetown Act

    1952
       July 1, 1952 - The Reorganization Plan of 1952 transfers to the three commissioners the functions of more than 50 boards.


    White House renovation completed after a literal gutting and rebuilding

    1953
      Thursday, January 15,1953 Pennsylvania RR "Federal Express" train wreck injures 43 at Union Station; no fatalities.


    Supreme Court rules that Thompson's Restaurant in DC cannot exclude African Americans because of an 1872 municipal law. 

    1954
      Following the Brown v. Board of Education and Bolling v. Sharpe Supreme Court decisions, Washington becomes the first major city to integrate its schools
    1955
      Summer,1955 Congress revokes Capital Transit Co franchise following 45-day strike by carmen and passes Public Law #389 which specifies that the new operator will provide an all bus system within 8 years. Takes over I year to find a buyer for franchise.
    1960
      Population declines for first time to 763,956
    1961
       23rd Amendment is passed granting DC residents the right to vote for president


    First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy commences White House redecoration program


    Washington Senators move to Minnesota and become the Twins

    Woodrow Wilson Bridge dedicated

    1962
      Sunday, January 28,1962 Navy Yard, 14th & Colorado, Bureau Engraving, Calvert Street Loop, 17th & Penna. Ave SE & Union Station street car lines abandoned. Last street car pulls into Navy Yard carhouse ending 99 1/2 years of street railway service in the Nation's Capital.


    CIA moves to Langley headquarters 

    1963
      More than 200,000 March on Washington, hear Martin Luther King, Jr.'s, "I Have a Dream" speech supporting civil rights.


    1963 President Kennedy's preservation push helps save buildings around Lafayette Square

    1964
      1964 Washingtonians first vote for president (since 1800) 
    1965
       Capital Beltway completed


    Marion Barry moves to Washington to open local chapter of SNCC (Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee).


    Watergate East apartment building opens; two-bedroom unit sells for $45,000

    1967
      February 20, 1967 - The Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority is created through a compact between the District of Columbia, Maryland and Virginia


    President Johnson appoints Walter E. Washington as mayor-commissioner of DC (and Thomas Fletcher deputy), changing  three-commissioner system  to a single presidentially appointed commissioner and an appointed nine-member council

    1968
      April 22, 1968 - District residents receive the right to elect a Board of Education

    .
    First phase of L'Enfant Plaza is finished

    Martin Luther King is assassinated in Memphis setting off riots in Washington that kill several people and destroy areas of the city, including H St NE, Columbia Heights, U St.

    1969-70
      3 Sisters Bridge construction in Georgetown commences causing release of funds for Washington Metro subway. 3 Sisters Bridge never built
    1970
      DC population 756,510

    DC gains an elected non-voting delegate to the US House of Representatives 

    1971
      John F. Kennedy Center for Performing Arts opens


     May Day protest in Washington leads to thousands of arrests

    1972
       Break-in at the Democratic National Headquarters in the Watergate office complex 

    .
     City loses Senators baseball team for a second time, as the team leaves Washington to become the Texas Rangers


    Republic of China gives America a pair of giant pandas, Hsing-Hsing and Ling-Ling, and they become the stars of the National Zoo

    Martin Luther King Library opens, replacing library on Mount Vernon Square

    Pennsylvania Avenue Development Corporation (PADC) established

    1973
       December 24, 1973 - Congress approves the District of Columbia Self-Government and Governmental Reorganization Act, P.L. 93-198, establishing an elected mayor and a 13-member council
    1974
      May 7, 1974 - Voters of the District of Columbia approve by referendum the District Charter and the establishment of advisory neighborhood commissions. 

    General elections are held for the mayor and councilmembers on November 5, 1974.

    1975
      January 2, 1975 - The newly-elected Mayor Walter Washington and first elected council take office
    1976
     

    Saturday, March 27,1976 First 4.6 miles of Washington Metro subway opens

     
    Bicentennial celebrations draw a million people to the Mall for the city's greatest fireworks display


    February 3, 1976 - The first election for advisory neighborhood commissioners is held


    National Air and Space Museum opens on the Mall

    1978
      August 22, 1978 - Congress approves the District of Columbia Voting Rights Amendment, which would give District residents voting representation in the House and the Senate. The proposed constitutional amendment was not ratified by the necessary number of states (38) within the allotted seven years, thus failed.


    East Building of the National Gallery of Art opens

    1979
      1979 January 2, 1979 - The Mayor Marion Barry takes office.

    Pope John Paul II delivers a mass on the Mall 

     DC Historic Preservation Review Board established, replacing Joint Committee on Landmarks

    1980
      DC population 638,333


    November 4, 1980 - District electors approve the District of Columbia Statehood Constitutional Convention of 1979, which became D.C. Law 3-171 and which called for convening a state constitutional convention

    1981
      President Reagan shot and nearly killed in assassination attempt outside the Washington Hilton


    Washington Star newspaper shuttered

    1982
      Vietnam Veterans Memorial erected in Constitution Gardens

    .
    January 13,1982 Air Florida flight crashes into 14th Street Bridge, killing almost all on board. The same day, Metro suffers its worst accident, also resulting in several fatalities.


     November 2, 1982 - After the constitutional convention, a Constitution for the State of New Columbia is ratified by District voters.

    The Washington Convention Center opens, spurring downtown development

    1984
      October 1, 1984 - The District enters the municipal bond market


    The renovated Old Post Office opens, heralding the rebirth of Pennsylvania Avenue

    Rhodes Tavern demolished

    1985
      DC Voting rights Amendment, giving the District voting representation in Congress and approved in 1978, dies after 13 states reject it
    1986
      October 29, 1986 - Congress approves an amendment to the District of Columbia Stadium Act of 1957, which authorizes the transfer of Robert F. Kennedy Stadium from the federal government to the District of Columbia government

    .
    Willard Hotel reopened

    1987
      February 20, 1987 - The Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority is created to acquire Washington National and Washington - Dulles International airports from the federal government, pursuant to P.L. 99-151, The Metropolitan Washington Airports Act of 1986. The authority begins operating the airports on June 7, 1987


    October 1, 1987 - Saint Elizabeth's Hospital is transferred to the District of Columbia government pursuant to P.L. 98-621, The St. Elizabeth's Hospital and the D.C. Mental Health Services Act of 1984


    The Smithsonian Quadrangle opens

    1988
      Thursday, September 29, 1988 rededication of Union Station after $160 million renovation
    1990
       DC population 606,900


    DC voters elect a "shadow" congressional delegation to lobby congress for statehood


    Mayor Marion Barry is caught smoking crack cocaine by surveillance team


    Washington National Cathedral completed 83 after groundbreaking

    1991
     

    Cinco de Mayo riots in Mount Pleasant and Adams Morgan cause unrest in city for several days

     January 2, 1991 - Mayor Sharon Pratt Dixon, the first woman mayor, takes office

    1992
     

    The House approves statehood for Washington D.C., but the Senate does not


     June 22,1992 Virginia Railway Express (VRE) commuter RR commences service from Northern Virginia



    Mayor Sharon Pratt Kelly moves government offices to 441 4th St NW (One Judiciary Square)

    Alexandria defeats plans by Redskins owner Jack Kent Cooke and Governor Douglas Wilder to build a 76,000-seat football stadium at Potomac Yard.

    1993
     

    U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum opens near Mall


    DC Delegate to congress Eleanor Holmes Norton, supported by other leaders, introduces a measure in the US House of Representatives to grant statehood to the District of Columbia. The measure is defeated


     Smithsonian Institution's National Postal Museum opens

    1994
     

    1994 Marion Barry elected to a fourth term as mayor after serving time in prison

    1995
     


    January 2, 1995 - Marion Barry takes office for an unprecedented fourth term as Mayor of the District of Columbia.


     Pennsylvania Avenue closed to vehicular traffic in front of the White House on security grounds.


    April 17, 1995 - President Clinton signed the law creating a presidentially appointed District of Columbia (DC Financial Responsibility and Management Assistance Authority) Control Board and a mayor-appointed Chief Financial Officer


    July 13, 1995 - The newly appointed financial control board holds its first public meeting. Composed of Dr. Andrew Brimmer, chair; and members - Joyce A. Ladner, Constance B. Newman, Stephen D. Harlan and Edward A. Singletary. John Hill is the Executive Director and Daniel Rezneck is the General Counsel.


    1995 Korean War Veterans Memorial is dedicated

    1996
     

    February 14, 1996 - Mayor Barry announces a transformation plan to reduce the size of government and increase its efficiency

    .
    Pennsylvania Avenue Development Corporation (PADC) abolished

    1997
     

    Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial is dedicated


    MCI Center opens


    Last District government officials (DC Council) move out of District Building to 441 4th St NW

    1998
     

    1998 Ronald Reagan Trade Center dedicated, completing Federal Triangle 60 years since its inception

    1999
     

    Mayor Anthony Williams inaugurated

    African-American Civil War Memorial opens

    2000
     

    National Capital Revitalization Corporation established

    2001
     

    September 11, 2001-Terrorist attack destroys part of the Pentagon


    District government returns to District (now Wilson) Building

    September 30, 2001 Control Board (DC Financial Responsibility and Management Assistance Authority) goes out of business

    2002
      International Spy Museum opens
    2003
      New Convention Center opens at Mount Vernon Square


    City Museum of Washington, DC opens in old Washington Public Library on Mount Vernon Square

    2004
      World War II Memorial slated to open
    2005
      April: City Museum closes
    2007
      Adrian Fenty becomes mayor of the District of Columbia

    Matthew Gilmore, October 2007

    H-DC

     

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