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    D.C. Historical Studies Conference*
    October 18-21, 2012
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    2004
    Vision Award --Committee of 100 on the Federal City
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    H-DC / DC History

    Q. Who were the Commissioners of the District, 1874-1967?

    A. Three commissioners were appointed to govern the District after the abolition of the Territorial government in 1874. Legislation in 1878 (the Organic Act) made this permanent). The Board had three members, one of who was president of the Board. One member came from the Army Corps of Engineers. President Johnson reorganized District government in 1967.

    Commissioners of the District

    William Dennison 7/1/1874 to 7/1/1878
    Henry T. Blow 7/1/1874 to 12/31/1874
    John H. Ketcham 7/3/1874 to 6/30/1877
    Seth Ledyard Phelps 1/18/1875 to 6/30/1878
    Thomas B. Bryan 12/3/1877 to 7/1/1878

    Boards of Commissioners 1878 to 1967

    First

    7/1/1878 to 11/29/1879:

    Seth Ledyard Phelps, president
    Josiah Dent
    Maj. William Johnson Twining

    Second

    11/29/1879 to 5/13/1882:

    Josiah Dent, president
    Thomas Phillips Morgan
    Maj. William Johnson Twining (d. May 5, 1882)

    Third

    5/13 to 7/17/1882:

    Josiah Dent, president
    Thomas Phillips Morgan
    Maj. Garret J. Lydecker

    Fourth

    7/17/1882 to 3/8/1883:

    Joseph Rodman West, president
    Thomas Phillips Morgan
    Maj. Garret J. Lydecker

    Fifth

    3/8/1883 to 7/22/1885:

    Joseph Rodman West, president (to 3/29)
    James Barker Edmonds (president from 3/29)
    Maj. Garret J. Lydecker

    Sixth

    7/22/1885 to 1/1/1886:

    James Barker Edmonds, president
    William Benning Webb
    Maj. Garret J. Lydecker

    Seventh

    1/1/1886 to 1/27/1888:

    William Benning Webb, president
    Samuel Edwin Wheatley
    Col. William Ludlow

    Eighth

    1/27/1888 to 5/21/1889:

    William Benning Webb, president
    Samuel Edwin Wheatley
    Maj. Charles Walker Raymond

    Ninth

    5/21/1889 to 2/14/1890:

    John Watkinson Douglass, president
    Lemon Galpin Hine
    Maj. Charles Walker Raymond

    Tenth

    2/14/1890 to 10/1/1890:

    John Watkinson Douglass, president
    Lemon Galpin Hine
    Lt. Col. Henry Martyn Robert

    Eleventh

    10/1/1890 to 10/15/1891:

    John Watkinson Douglass, president
    John Wesley Ross
    Lt. Col. Henry Martyn Robert

    Twelfth

    10/15/1891 to 3/1/1893:

    John Watkinson Douglass, president
    John Wesley Ross
    Capt. William Trent Rossell

    Thirteenth

    3/1/1893 to 5/8/1893:

    John Wesley Ross, president
    Myron Melville Parker
    Capt. William Trent Rossell

    Fourteenth

    5/8/1893 to 3/10/1894:

    John Wesley Ross, president
    Myron Melville Parker
    Capt. Charles Frances Powell

    Fifteenth

    3/10/1894 to 3/2/1897:

    John Wesley Ross, president
    George Truesdell
    Capt. Charles Frances Powell

    Sixteenth

    3/2/1897 to 5/8/1897:

    John Wesley Ross, president
    George Truesdell
    Capt. William Murray Black

    Seventeenth

    5/8/1897 to 6/1/1898:

    John Wesley Ross, president
    John Brewer Wight
    Capt. William Murray Black
    (Capt. Lansing H. Beach acted in Black's stead 5/26/1898 to 6/1/1898)

    Eighteenth

    6/1/1898 to 5/9/1900:

    John Brewer Wight, president
    John Wesley Ross
    Capt. Lansing Hoskins Beach

    Nineteenth

    5/9/1900 to 10/31/1901:

    Henry Brown Floyd Macfarland, president
    John Wesley Ross
    Capt. Lansing Hoskins Beach

    Twentieth

    11/1/1901 to 7/29/1902:

    Henry Brown Floyd Macfarland, president
    John Wesley Ross (died 7/29/1902)
    Maj. John Biddle

    Twenty-first

    10/16/1902 to 5/2/1907:

    Henry Brown Floyd Macfarland, president
    Henry Litchfield West
    Maj. John Biddle

    Twenty-second

    5/2/1907 to 12/21/1908:

    Henry Brown Floyd Macfarland, president
    Henry Litchfield West
    Capt. Jay J. Morrow

    Twenty-third

    12/21/1908 to 3/15/1909:

    Henry Brown Floyd Macfarland, president
    Henry Litchfield West
    Maj. Spencer Crosby

    Twenty-fourth

    3/15/1909 to 1/24/1910:

    Henry Brown Floyd Macfarland, president
    Henry Litchfield West
    Maj. William Voorhees Judson

    Twenty-fifth

    1/24/1910 to 2/28/1913:

    Cuno Hugo Rudolph, president
    John Alexander Johnston
    Lt. Col. William Voorhees Judson

    Twenty-sixth

    2/28/1913 to 7/19/1913:

    Cuno Hugo Rudolph, president
    John Alexander Johnston
    Lt. Col. Chester Harding

    Twenty-seventh

    7/19/1913 to 10/31/1914:

    Oliver Peck Newman, president
    Frederick Lincoln Siddons
    Lt. Col. Chester Harding

    Twenty-eighth

    10/31/1914 to 1/26/1915:

    Oliver Peck Newman, president
    Frederick Lincoln Siddons
    Maj. Charles Willauer Kutz

    Twenty-ninth

    1/26/1915 to 7/16/1917:

    Oliver Peck Newman, president
    Louis Brownlow
    Maj. Charles Willauer Kutz

    Thirtieth

    7/16/1917 to 10/9/1917:

    Oliver Peck Newman, president
    Louis Brownlow
    Brig. Gen. John George David Knight

    Thirty-first

    10/9/1917 to 12/16/1918:

    Louis Brownlow, president
    William Gwynn Gardiner
    Brig. Gen. John George David Knight

    Thirty-second

    12/16/1918 to 9/17/1920:

    Louis Brownlow, president
    William Gwynn Gardiner
    Brig. Gen. Charles Willauer Kutz

    Thirty-third

    9/17/1920 to 9/25/1920:

    Col. Charles Willauer Kutz, acting president
    John Thilman Hendrick

    Thirty-fourth

    9/25/1920 to 3/4/1921:

    John Thilman Hendrick, president
    Col. Charles Willauer Kutz
    Mable Thorp Boardman

    Thirty-fifth

    3/15/1921 to 10/6/1921:

    Cuno Hugo Rudolph, president
    James Frederick Oyster
    Col. Charles Willauer Kutz

    Thirty-sixth

    10/6/1921 to 6/25/1923:

    Cuno Hugo Rudolph, president
    James Frederick Oyster
    Col. Charles Keller

    Thirty-seventh

    6/25/1923 to 5/19/1925

    Cuno Hugo Rudolph, president
    James Frederick Oyster (died 5/19/1925)
    Maj. James Franklin Bell

    Thirty-eighth

    6/5/1925 to 8/2/1926

    Cuno Hugo Rudolph, president
    Frederick A. Fenning
    Maj. James Franklin Bell

    Thirty-ninth

    8/4/1926 to 12/4/1926:

    Cuno Hugo Rudolph, president
    Proctor L. Dougherty
    Maj. James Franklin Bell

    Fortieth

    12/4/1926 to 6/23/1927:

    Proctor L. Dougherty, president
    Sidney F. Taliaferro
    Maj. James Franklin Bell

    Forty-first

    6/23/1927 to 4/10/1930:

    Proctor L. Dougherty, president
    Sidney F. Taliaferro
    Col. William B. Ladue

    Forty-second

    4/10/1930 to 7/21/1930:

    Dr. Luther H. Reichelderfer, president
    Herbert B. Crosby
    Col. William B. Ladue

    Forty-third

    7/21/1930 to 11/16/1933:

    Dr. Luther H. Reichelderfer, president
    Herbert B. Crosby
    Maj. John C. Gotwals

    Forty-fourth

    11/16/1933 to 8/22/1934:

    Melvin C. Hazen, president
    George E. Allen
    Maj. John C. Gotwals

    Forty-fifth

    8/22/1934 to 2/5/1937:

    Melvin C. Hazen, president
    George E. Allen
    Col. Daniel I. Sultan

    Forty-sixth

    2/5/1937 to 8/31/1938:

    Melvin C. Hazen, president
    George E. Allen (resigned 8/31/1938)
    Col. Daniel I. Sultan

    Forty-seventh

    8/31/1938 to 9/7/1938:

    Melvin C. Hazen, president
    Col. Daniel I. Sultan

    Forty-eighth

    9/7/1938 to 6/29/1938:

    Melvin C. Hazen, president
    Lt. Col. David McCoach, Jr.

    Forty-ninth

    6/29/1939 to /16/1940:

    Melvin C. Hazen, president
    George E. Allen (resigned 4/15/1940)
    Lt. Col. David McCoach, Jr.

    Fiftieth

    4/16/1940 to 5/20/1941:

    Melvin C. Hazen, president
    John Russell Young
    Lt. Col. David McCoach, Jr. (recalled to the Army 5/19/1941)

    Fifty-first

    5/20/1941 to 7/29/1941:

    Melvin C. Hazen, president (died 7/15/1941)
    John Russell Young
    Col. Charles Willauer Kutz

    Fifty-second

    7/29/41 to 5/10/1943:

    John Russell Young, president
    Guy Mason
    Col. Charles Willauer Kutz

    Fifty-third

    5/10/43 to 12/11/1944:

    John Russell Young, president
    Guy Mason
    Col. Charles Willauer Kutz

    Fifty-fourth

    12/11/1944 to 9/25/1945:

    John Russell Young, president
    Guy Mason
    Col. Charles Willauer Kutz (retired to inactive status)

    Fifty-fifth

    9/25/1945 to 5/17/1946:

    John Russell Young, president
    Guy Mason
    Brig. Gen. Gordon R. Young

    Fifty-sixth

    5/17/1946 to 2/3/1948:

    John Russell Young, president
    Guy Mason
    Brig. Gen. Gordon R. Young

    Fifty-seventh

    2/3/1948 to 6/15/1949:

    John Russell Young, president
    Guy Mason
    Brig. Gen. Gordon R. Young

    Fifty-eighth

    6/15/1949 to 3/12/1951:

    John Russell Young, president
    Guy Mason
    Brig. Gen. Gordon R. Young

    Fifty-ninth

    3/12/1951 to 6/1/1951:

    John Russell Young, president
    F. Joseph Donohue
    Brig. Gen. Gordon R. Young

    Sixtieth

    6/1/1951 to 6/2/1952:

    John Russell Young, president
    F. Joseph Donohue
    Col. Bernard L. Robinson

    Sixty-first

    6/2/1952 to 1/2/1953:

    F. Joseph Donohue, president
    Renah F. Camalier
    Brig. Gen. Bernard L. Robinson

    Sixty-second

    1/2/1953 to 4/6/1953:

    F. Joseph Donohue, president
    Renah F. Camalier
    Brig. Gen. Louis W. Prentiss

    Sixty-third

    4/6/1953 to 12/10/1954:

    Samuel Spencer, president
    Renah F. Camalier
    Brig. Gen. Louis W. Prentiss

    Sixty-fourth

    12/10/1954 to 6/2/1955:

    Samuel Spencer, president
    Renah F. Camalier
    Col. Thomas A. Lane

    Sixty-fifth

    6/2/1955 to 4/6/1956:

    Samuel Spencer, president
    Robert E. McLaughlin
    Brig. Gen. Thomas A. Lane

    Sixty-sixth

    4/6/1956 to 8/1/1957:

    Robert E. McLaughlin, president
    David B. Karrick
    Brig. Gen. Thomas A. Lane

    Sixty-seventh

    8/1/1957 to 7/1/1958:

    Robert E. McLaughlin, president
    David B. Karrick
    Col. Alvin C. Welling

    Sixty-eighth

    7/1/1958 to 5/25/1959:

    Robert E. McLaughlin, president
    David B. Karrick
    Col. Alvin C. Welling

    Sixty-ninth

    5/25/1959 to 8/1/1960:

    Robert E. McLaughlin, president
    David B. Karrick (resigned 7/22/1960)
    Col. Alvin C. Welling

    Seventieth

    8/1/1960 to 9/6/1960:

    Robert E. McLaughlin, president
    Col. Frederick J. Clarke

    Seventy-first

    9/6/1960 to 3/3/1961:

    Robert E. McLaughlin, president
    Mark Sullivan, Jr. (resigned 3/2/1961)
    Col. Frederick J. Clarke

    Seventy-second

    3/3/1961 to 7/27/1961:

    Walter N. Tobriner, president
    Robert E. McLaughlin
    Brig. Gen. Frederick J. Clarke

    Seventy-third

    7/27/1961 to 7/8/1963:

    Walter N. Tobriner, president
    John B. Duncan
    Brig. Gen. Frederick J. Clarke

    Seventy-fourth

    7/8/1963 to 4/21/1964:

    Walter N. Tobriner, president
    John B. Duncan
    Brig. Gen. Charles M. Duke

    Seventy-fifth

    4/21/1964 to 8/11/1964:

    Walter N. Tobriner, president
    John B. Duncan
    Brig. Gen. Charles M. Duke

    Seventy-sixth

    8/11/1964 to 12/14/1966:

    Walter N. Tobriner, president
    John B. Duncan
    Brig. Gen. Charles M. Duke

    Seventy-seventh:

    12/14/1966 to 11/3/1967:

    Walter N. Tobriner, president
    John B. Duncan
    Brig. Gen. Robert E. Mathe

    Matthew Gilmore, July 2001

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