H-Bahai Research Notes in Shaykhi, Babi and Baha'i Studies Vol. 4, no. 1 (May 2000)

 

Heroes of The Second Nayriz Revolt

    

By:  Ahang Rabbani

 

 

     In the Spring-Summer of 1852, the Babis of Nayriz launched a second organized and massive revolt against the combined forces of national and provincial military. In the process, however, many hundreds of them perished in the battles fought with the army, tribal and irregular forces arrayed to suppress their uprising or died in the general massacre of the Babi men at conclusion of the war.

     The following list of the Babi martyrs during the course of this revolt was assembled from the eyewitness narrative of Mulla Muhammad Shafi`, Fadil Mazandarani’s Tarikh Zuhuru’l-Haqq[1], and Muhammad Shaif`-Ruhani’s Lam`atu’l-Anvar[2]. As elaborated in my forthcoming book on this subject, with near certainty, the list in the Zuhuru’l-Haqq reflects the text of the unpublished history of Nabil Zarandi. Also, from the specifics information (and errors) in the text, it is clear that the Lam`atu’l-Anvar was relying exclusively on the information provided by Zuhuru’l-Haqq vol 4 and not on the narrative of Mulla Shafi`.

     To facilitate future research, the sequence number in each source is provided against each name, (e.g., “`Abdu’llah, son of `Ali” is the 101st name in the narrative of Mulla Shafi`, and 109th name in Zuhuru’l-Haqq and Lam`atu’l-Anvar).

 Table

(Takes time to load, especially in Netscape, even after the browser announces "document done".)

Shafi 

ZH4

LA2

Martyrs 

101

109

109

`Abdu’llah, son of `Ali

134

114

114

`Abdu’llah, son of `Askar

 71

105

105

`Abdu’llah, son of Karbala’i Akbar

120

113

113

`Abdu’llah, son of Mulla[3] Muhammad

 92

108

108

`Abid, son of Mashhadi Muhsin

 40

103

103

`Abid, son of Mulla Barkhurdar

 31

102

102

`Abid Yar-kash[4]

125

112

112

`Abidin[5]

108

111

111

`Ali

 60

146

146

`Ali, son of Karbila’i Baqir

107

110

110

`Ali, son of Mashhadi[6] Ahmad

151

161

 18

`Ali, son of Mulla Qasim `Ashura

146

115

115

`Ali-Murad[7]

 74

106

106

`Askar, son of `Ali

156

116

116

`Askar, son of `Ali Mulla Abu’l-Qasim

 56

140

140

`Askar, son of Haji ibn Karbala’i Baqir[8]

135

 13

 13

Abu-Talib

 34

  4

  4

Abu-Talib, son of Mir Ahmad

133

 12

 12

Abu-Talib, son of Mulla Zaynu’l-’Abidin

 46

  5

  5

Ahmad Haji Abu’l-Qasim

102

 10

 10

Akbar, son of `Abdu’llah (son of `Ali)

 88

  7

  7

Akbar Muhammad-Qasim

116

 11

 11

Akbar Muhammad-Shah

 91

  9

  9

Akhund Mulla `Isa

 25

  1

  1

Akhund Mulla Ahmad, son of Mulla Muhsin

 26

  2

  2

Akhund Mulla `Ali Katib, son of Mulla `Abdu’llah

 67

  6

  6

Aqa Shaykh Muhammad

 29

  3

  3

Asadu’llah, son of Mirza `Ali

 45

138

138

Asadu’llah, son of Mirza Mihdi

 33

 92

 90

Baqir, son of Mir Ahmad

 93

118

118

Ghulam-Rida Yazdi

 69

101

101

Hadi, son of Khayri[9]

103

 82

 81

Haji Muhammad, son of Mulla `Ashura

104

 83

 82

Haji Naqi

 66

 91

 91

Haji Shaykh `Abdu’l-`Ali[10]

 55

145

145

Haji, son of Karbala’i Baqir

 

165

 

Haji, son of Karbala’i Baqir

145

 79

 78

Hasan, son of Haydar Mulk

 62

 90

 89

Hasan, son of Mashhadi[11] Muhammad

 49

 88

 87

Hasan, son of Mirza

150

 77

157

Hasan, son of Mulla Qasim `Ashura[12]

 38

 86

 85

Hasan[13], son of Mulla Yaqub

152

 75

 75

Hasan-`Ali[14], son of Nuri

155

 74

 74

Hasan Mashhadi Safr

109

 43

 43

Husayn[15]

149

 78

 77

Husayn, brother of Karbala’i Rida

 68

136

136

Husayn, son of Aqa Shaykh Muhammad

 70

 80

 79

Husayn, son of Mashhadi Isma`il

 

 84

 83

Husayn, son of Qasim-Sifr

 48

 87

 86

Husayn, son of Rajab

113

 85

 84

Husayn, son of Ustad Ahmad

157

 73

 73

Husayn, son of Ustad `Ali

 78

 81

 80

Husayn, son of Zaman

 59

 89

 88

Husayn-`Ali[16], son of Mirza Aqa `Ali

 83

125

125

Karam, son of Ustad[17] `Askar

105

104

104

Karbala’i `Askar Birq-Dar

 20

129

129

Karbala’i Baqir

122

128

128

Karbala’i Baqir[18], son of Ustad Taqi

143

123

123

Karbala’i Hadi

 84

126

126

Karbala’i Hasan, son of Mashhadi Sifr

 50

132

132

Karbala’i Husayn, son of Haji

 51

133

133

Karbala’i Isma’il, son of Mashhadi `Abidin[19]

 43

130

130

Karbala’i Muhammad

141

124

124

Karbala’i Muhammad-Ja`far, son-in-law of Haji Muhammad-Taqi Ayyub

119

127

127

Karbala’i Qurban Sha`ban[20], son of ‘Abidin

148

122

122

Karbala’i Sadiq, son of Mashhadi Rajab[21]

 44

131

131

Karbala’i Shamu’d-Din[22]

 2

134

134

Karbala’i Yusuf Najjar

130

160

156

Karim, son of `Ali

 64

135

135

Kazim, son of Muhib-`Ali[23]

 82

100

100

Khajih `Ali

 73

 98

 98

Khajih Burhan

 81

 99

 99

Khajih Isma`il

  4

 97

 96

Khajih Zaynu’l-`Abidin

 94

151

150

Khajih, son of Ustad Nabi

 42

137

137

Lutfu’llah Shumal

 32

 32

 32

Malik, son of Mulla ‘Ali

 19

 25

 25

Mashhadi `Ali, son of Najaf

 61

 40

 40

Mashhadi `Ali, son of Sulayman

  7

 15

 15

Mashhadi `Askar, son of Mashhadi Baqir

  6

 14

 14

Mashhadi Baqir Sabbagh

 15

 23

 23

Mashhadi Mir Muhammad[24]

136

 64

 64

Mashhadi Mirza Husayn, surnamed Qutb

132

 63

 63

Mashhadi Muhammad-`Ali, son of[25] Naw-Ruz

 22

 27

 27

Mashhadi Taqi Baqqal, son of ‘Abid

 77

 46

 46

Mir Akbar

 76

 45

 45

Mir Husayn

138

 38

 38

Mirza Ahmad

 53

 28

 28

Mirza Ahmad[26], son of Mulla Sadiq

 23

 66

 66

Mirza Ahmad[27], uncle of ‘Aliy-i Sardar

 28

 30

 30

Mirza `Ali, son of Mulla Sadiq

 

117

117

Mirza Ali Sardar

 52

 37

 37

Mirza Baba

 36

 34

 34

Mirza Hasan, son of Yikkih

137

 65

 65

Mirza Husayn, son of Mirza Musa

144

 70

 

Mirza Mihdi

128

 62

 61

Mirza Muhammad-Husayn[28], son of Mirza Taqi

140

 68

 68

Mirza Muhsin, son of Aqa Mirza Nasru’llah

 

 72

 71

Mirza Mulla Qasim, son of `Ashura

 30

 31

 31

Mirza Yusuf, son of Mirza Akbar

139

 67

 67

Mirza Zaynu’l-`Abdidin, nephew of Mashhadi Mirza Husayn

153

 76

 76

mother of Hasan-`Ali Nuri

 24

 

 44

Muhammad Sadiq, uncle of ‘Ali Sardar

 35

 33

 33

Muhammad, known as Yikkih

 27

 29

 29

Muhammad, son of `Abdu’l-Karim

 79

 47

 47

Muhammad, son of Akbar Farkhi

112

 55

 55

Muhammad, son of Baqir

115

 56

 56

Muhammad, son of Karbala’i Taqi

 85

 49

 49

Muhammad, son of Mulla `Ali

 47

 36

 36

Muhammad, son of Mulla Musa

 95

 52

 52

Muhammad, son of Rida

 57

 39

 39

Muhammad-`Ali

123

 60

 60

Muhammad-`Ali

 87

 50

 50

Muhammad-`Ali Naw-Ruz

 90

 51

 51

Muhammad-`Ali Haji `Ali-Shah

121

 59

 59

Muhammad-`Ali Mir-shikar, son of Mulla `Ashura

117

 57

 57

Muhammad Karbala’i Mahmud

 14

 22

 22

Muhammad Kuchak, son of Mashhadi Rajab

 72

 44

 

Muhammad-Sadiq Husayn[29]

 63

 41

 41

Muhib-`Ali

127

 61

 

Mulla `Abidin

 13

 21

 21

Mulla Ahmad, son of Akhund Mulla Musa

142

 69

 69

Mulla Akbar, brother of Karbala’i Ja’far

 10

 18

 19

Mulla `Ali, son of Akhund Mulla Musa

 96

 50

 53

Mulla `Ali-Muhammad, son of Mulla Aqa Baba[30]

  9

 17

 17

Mulla `Ali-Naqi[31], son of Akhund Mulla `Abdu’l-Husayn

 41

139

139

Mulla Barkhurdar, son of Mulla Husayn

 16

 24

 24

Mulla Darvish

 65

 42

 42

Mulla Haji Muhammad

 11

 19

 20

Mulla Hasan, son of Akhund Mulla Musa

118

 58

 58

Mulla Husayn, son of `Abdu’llah

 39

 35

 35

Mulla Husayn, son of Mulla Barkhurdar

 

 

 26

Mulla Muhammad, son of Karbala’i

  8

 16

 

Mulla Muhammad-Taqi, son of Mulla `Abdu’l-Husayn

 21

 26

 16

Mulla Muhammad-Taqi[32], son of Karbala’i Baqir

 12

 20

 

Mulla Mu’min, son of Akhund Mulla Musa

 80

 48

 48

Mulla Shah-`Ali

111

 54

 54

Mu’min, son of Ustad Ahmad

147

 71

 70

Murad-i Lurr

129

158

154

Naqi[33], son of `Ali

106

144

144

Rahim, son of Ustad `Ali-Naqi

 75

155

152

Sadiq

124

 

 

Sadiq

154

121

121

Safr, son of[34] Karbala’i Zaman

114

120

120

Shamsu’d-Din, son of ‘Askar

 86

107

107

Sharif[35], son of Karbala’i Rajab

 

 

158

Shaykh Hadi, son of Haji Shaykh `Abdu’l-`Ali

 58

141

141

Shaykh Hasan

 

 

159

Shaykh Muhammad, son of Haji Shaykh `Abdu’l-`Ali

 98

119

119

Siyyid Hasan[36], son of Siyyid Nazar

100

143

143

son of `Ali Murad

  5

166

 97

son of Khajih Ghani

  3

147

147

son of Mashhadi Muhammad 

 37

148

148

son of Mirza Hasan

 99

142

142

son of Mulla `Ali-Naqi

131

159

155

son of Ustad Naqi

126

156-7 

153

sons of Karbila’i Isma`il Hammami 

 54

149-50

149

sons of Khajih Hasan 

110

154

151

sons of Qasim-Sifr[37]

 

 94

 93

Taqi, son of `Ali

 97

 93

 92

Taqi[38], son of Sifr

 89

  8

  8

Ustab Ja`far

  1

 

 

Zaynal, brother of Karim

 

 95

 94

Zaynu’l-`Abidin, son of Mulk

 17

164

 

Zaynu’l-`Abidin, son of Mulla Muhammad

 18

 96

 95

Zaynu’l-`Abidin, son of Ustad Muhammad

 



   [1] Tarikh Zuhuru’l-Haqq, 4:48-50, henceforth ZH4.

   [2] Lam`atu’l-Anvar, 2:448-51, henceforth LA2.

   [3] ZH4 missing Mulla

   [4] ZH4 missing Yar-Kash

   [5] ZH4 has added: Karbala’i Isma’il Hammami

   [6] ZH4 missing Mashhadi

   [7] brother of the slayer of Vahid Darabi

   [8] ZH4 missing ibn Karbala’i Baqir

   [9] martyred in Shiraz

   [10] Vahid’s father-in-law

   [11] LA2 has Mulla in place of Mashhadi; ZH4 has neither

   [12] ZH4 missing `Ashura

   [13] LA2 refers to him as Husayn

   [14] LA2 has him as Husayn-`Ali

   [15] ZH4 and LA2 have Mulla before his name

   [16] ZH4 has Hasan in place of Husayn

   [17] ZH4 missing Ustad

   [18] ZH4 notes his slayer was Mir-Shikar Rajab

   [19] ZH4 missing “son of Mashhadi `Abidin”

   [20] ZH4 refers to him as Karbala’i Qurban, son of Sha`ban

   [21] ZH4 missing “son of Mashhadi Rajab”

   [22] Martyred in Nayriz by Aqa Rida Aqa `Ali-Naqi

   [23] ZH4 and LA2 identify his father as Haji Muhammad

   [24] ZH4 and LA2 have Ahmad in place of Muhammad

   [25] ZH4 missing “son of”

   [26] ZH4 identifies him as “uncle of `Ali Sardar”

   [27] ZH4 identifies him as “nephew of Qutb”

   [28] ZH4 and LA2 have Mulla in place of Muhammad. He was martyred en route to Tihran.

   [29] ZH4 missing Husayn

   [30] ZH4 missing “son of Mulla Aqa Baba”

   [31] LA1 suggest he was martyred during Nayriz-I upheaval

   [32] ZH4 missing Taqi

   [33] LA2 has read him Taqi

   [34] ZH4 missing “son of”

   [35] LA1 refers to him as Shari`at

   [36] LA2 has Husayn in place of Hasan

   [37] ZH4 has “son of Sifr”

   [38] LA2 refers to him as Naqi


  • Return to Research Notes in Shaykhi, Babi, and Baha'i Studies

  • Return to H-Bahai Digital Publications

  • Return to H-Bahai Home Page

  • Links to pages with similar resources

  • H-Net, Humanities OnLine

    Generously Supported by:
    [MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY]

    &
    [The National Endowment for the Humanities]