WOMEN IN CHINESE HISTORY SUPPLEMENTAL READING LIST FROM: PATRICIA EBREY
Ahern, Emily M. 1974. "Affines and the Rituals of Kinship," in Religion and Ritual in Chinese Society, ed. Arthur P. Wolf. Stanford: Stanford University Press. -----. 1975. "Power and Pollution of Chinese Women." in Wolf and Witke, op. cit.
-----. 1988 (Emily Martin) "Gender and Ideological Differences in Representations of Life and Death." In Death Ritual in Late Imperial and Modern China, eds. James L. Watson and Evelyn S. Rawski. Berkeley: University of California Press. Andors, Phyllis. 1983. The Unfinished Liberation of Chinese Women, 1949-1980. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Ayscough, Florence. 1937. Chinese Women Yesterday and Today. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Bao, Xiaolan. 1990. Integrating Women into Chinese History: Reflections on Historical Scholarship on Women in China, Chinese Historian 3.2.
Barlow, Tani E., ed. 1993. Gender Politics in Modern China: Writing and Feminism. Durham: Duke University Press. Barr, Allan. 1989. "Disarming Intruders: Alien Women in Liaozhai Zhiyi." Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 49:501-18. Beahan, Charlotte L. 1975. "Feminism and Nationalism in Chinese Women's Press, 1902-1922," Modern China 1:376-416. Bernhardt. 1995. ~The Inheritance Rights of Daughters: The Song Anomaly?~ Modern China 21.3:269-309. Besio, Kimberly. 1994. ~In a Woman~s Voice: Portrayals of Heroism in Two Zaju on Three Kingdoms~ Themes,~ Ming Studies 32:7-19.
Birge, Bettine. 1989. "Chu Hsi and Women's Education," in NeoConfucian Education: The Formative Stage, ed. Wm. Theodore de Bary and John W. Chaffee. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Blake, Fred. 1978. "Death and Abuse in Marriage Laments: The Curse of Chinese Brides." Asian Folklore Studies 37:13-33. 1994. Foot-binding in Neo-Confucian China and the Appropriation of Female Labor, Signs 19.3:676-712. Birrell, Anne M. 1985. "The Dusty Mirror: Courtly Portraits of Woman in Southern Dynasties Love Poetry," in Expressions of Self in Chinese Literature, ed. by Robert E. Hegel and Richard C. Hessney. New York: Columbia University Press. Brandauer, Frederick. 1977. "Women in the Ching-hua Yuan: Emancipation Toward a Confucian Ideal," The Journal of Asian Studies 36.1:647-660. Cahill, Suzanne, 1986. "Performers and Female Taoist Adepts: Hsi Wang Mu as Patron Deity of Women in T'ang China," Journal of the American Oriental Society 106:155-68. -----. 1990. "Practice Makes Perfect: Paths to Transcendence for Women in Medieval China," Taoist Resources, 2.2:23-42. 1993. Transcendence and Divine Passion: The Queen Mother of the West in Medieval China. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Carlitz, Katherine. 1991. "The Social Uses of Female Virtue in Late Ming Editions of Lien Zhuan." Late Imperial China 12.2:117-48. Cass, Victoria B. 1986. "Female Healers in the Ming and the Lodge of Ritual and Ceremony." Journal of the American Oriental Society 106.1:233-40. Chaffee, John. 1991. The Marriage of Sung Imperial Clanswomen,~ in Marriage and Inequality in Chinese Society, ed. Rubie S. Watson and Patricia Buckley Ebrey. Berkeley: University of California Press. Chen, Chung-min. 1985. "Dowry and Inheritance," in The Chinese Family and its Ritual Behavior, eds. Hsieh Jih-chang and Chuang Ying-chang. Taipei: Academia Sinica, Institute of Ethnology. Chen, Fan Pen. 1992. ~Female Warriors, Magic and the Supernatural in Traditional Chinese Novels.~ In The Annual Review of Women in world Religions, fol. 2. Arvind Sharma and Katerine K. Young, pp. 91-109. Albany: State University of New York Press. Cheng, Lucie, Charlotte Furth, and Hon-ming yip, 1984. Women in China: Bibliography of Available English Language Materials. Berkeley: Institute of East Asian Studies. Chow, Rey. 1991. Woman and Chinese Modernity: The Politics of Reading Between West and East. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Cohen, Myron L. 1976. House United, House Divided: The Chinese Family in Taiwan. New York: Columbia University Press. Ch', T'ung-tsu. 1965. Law and Society in Traditional China. Paris: Mouton. Chung, Priscilla. 1981. Palace Women in the Northern Sung, 960- 1126 (Monographies du T'oung Pao, 12). Leiden: E. J. Brill. Chung, Sue Fawn. 1979. "The Much Maligned Empress Dowager: A Revisionist Study of the Empress Dowager Tz'u-hsi (1835-1908)." Modern Asian Studies 13:177-96. Cooper, Elizabeth. 1914. My Lady of the Chinese Courtyard. New York: Frederick A. Stokes. Croll, Elisabeth. 1974. The Women's Movement in China: A Selection of Readings, 1949-73. London: Anglo-Chinese Educational Institute. -----. 1978. Feminism and Socialism in China. London: Routlege and Kegan Paul. -----. 1981. The Politics of Marriage in Contemporary China. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. -----. 1983. Chinese Women Since Mao. London: Zed Books. -----, Delia Davin, and Panny Kane, eds. 1985. China's One-Child Policy. London: Macmillan. Cutter, Robert Joe. 1992. The Death of Empress Zhen: Fiction and Historiography in Early Medieval China.~ Journal of the American Oriental Society 112:577-83. Dull, Jack. 1978. "Marriage and Divorce in Han China: A Glimpse at Pre-Confucian Society," In Chinese Family Law in Historical Perspective, ed. David Buxbaum. Seattle: University of Washington Press. Duval, Jean. 1972. A Study of Prostitution in Shanghai at the end of the Qing Dynasty as It Appears in the ~Shanghai~ Novels. Paris: VERLCA. Ebrey, Patricia Buckley. 1981. "Women in the Kinship System of the Southern Song Upper Class," Historical Reflections 8:113-28. -----. 1984. "The Women in Liu Kezhuang's Family," Modern China 10.4:415-40. -----. 1986. "Concubines in Sung China," Journal of Family History 11:1-24. -----. 1990. "Women, Marriage, and the Family in Chinese History," in The Heritage of China, ed. Paul Ropp. Berkeley: University of California Press. -----. 1991a. "Introduction," in Marriage and Inequality in Chinese Society, ed. Rubie S. Watson and Patricia Buckley Ebrey. Berkeley: University of California Press. -----. 1991b. "Shifts in Marriage Finance from the Sixth to the Thirteenth Centuries," in Marriage and Inequality in Chinese Society, ed. Rubie S. Watson and Patricia Buckley Ebrey. Berkeley: University of California Press. -----. 1992. "Women, Money, and Class: Ssu-ma Kuang and NeoConfucian Views on Women," in Zhongguo jinshi shehui wenhua shilun wenji. Taipei: Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica. -----. 1993a. The Inner Quarters: Marriage and the Lives of Chinese Women in the Sung Period. Berkeley: University of California Press. -----. 1993b. "Women and Malace in Hung Mai's I-chien chih," in Yanagida Setsuko sensei koki kinen Chugoku no dento shakai to kazoku. Tokyo. -----. 1995. "Marriage Among the Song Elite," in Chinese Historical Microdemography, ed. Stevan Harrell. Berkeley: University of California Press, Edwards, Louise. 1990a. "Gender Imperatives in Honglou meng: Baoyu's Bisexuality." Chinese Literature: Essays, Articles, and Reviews 12:57-69. -----. 1990b. "Women in Honglou meng, Prescriptions of Purity in the Femininity of Qing Dynasty China." Modern China 16.4:407-29. -----. 1993. "Representations of Women and Social Power in Eighteenth Century China: The Case of Wang Xifeng, " Late Imperial China 14.1:34-59. -----. 1994. Men and Women in Qing China: Gender in the Red Chamber Dream Leiden: Brill. Elvin, Mark. 1984. "Female Virtue and the State in China." Past and Present 104:111-152. Feigon, Lee. 1992. "Gender and the Chinese Student Movement," in Popular Protest and Political Culture in Modern China: Learning from 1989, ed. Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom and Elizabeth J. Perry. Boulder: Westview Press Feuerwerker, Yi-tsi. 1975. "Women as Writers in the 1920s and 1930s." In Wolf and Witke, op. cit. Fitzgerald, Charles P. 1957. The Empress Wu. Melbourne: Cheshire. Franke, Herbert. 1980. "Women Under the Dynasties of Conquest," in La Donna nella Cina Imeriale e nell Cina Repubblicana ed. Lionello Lanciotti. Florence: Leo S. Olschki. Freedman, Maurice. 1979. "Rites and Duties, or Chinese Marriage," in The Study of Chinese Society, ed. G. William Skinner. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Furth, Charlotte. 1986. "Blood, Body and Gender: Medical Images of the Female Condition in China," Chinese Science 7:53-65. -----. 1987. "Concepts of Pregnancy, Childbirth and Infancy in Ch'ing Dynasty China," Journal of Asian Studies 46:7-35. -----. 1988. "Androgynous Males and Deficient Females: Biology and Gender Boundaries in 16th- and 17th-Century China," Late Imperial China 9:1-31. Gallin, Bernard and Rita S. Gallin. 1985. "Matrilateral and Affinal Relationships in Changing Chinese Society," in The Chinese Family and its Ritual Behavior, eds. Hsieh Jih-chang and Chuang Ying-chang. Taipei: Academia Sinica, Institute of Ethnology. Gates, Hill. 1989. "The Commoditization of Chinese Women," Signs 14: . Gerstlacher et al. 1985. Woman and Literature in China. Bochum:
Gilmartin, Christina. Gender, Politics and Patriarchy in China: The Experiences of Early Women Communists, 1920-1927, In Promissory Notes, ed. Rayna Rapp and Marilyn Young: Monthly Review Press.
-----, Gail Hershatter, Lisa Rofel, and Tyrene White, ed. 1994. Engendering China: Women, Culture, and the State. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Gipoulon, Caterine. 1989/90. "The Emergence of Women in Politics in China, 1898-1927" Chinese Studies in History 23:46-67. Goody, Jack. 1990. The Oriental, the Ancient and the Primitive: Systems of Marriage and the Family in the Pre-Industrial Societies of Eurasia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Gronewold, Sue. 1982. Beautiful Merchandise: Prostitution in China 1860-1936. New York: Institute for Research in History and the Hasworth Press.
Guisso, R. W. L. 1978. Wu Tse-t'ien and the Politics of Legitimation in T'ang China. Bellingham, Wash.: Western Washington University Program in East Asian Studies Occasional Papers.
-----. 1981. "Thunder Over the Late: The Five Classics and the Perception of Woman in Early China." In Guisso and Johannesen, op. cit.
-----, and Stanley Johannesen, ed. 1981. Women in China. Youngstown, N.Y.: Philo.
Handlin, Joanna F. 1975. "L K'un's New Audience: The Influence of Women's Literacy on Sixteenth-Century Thought." In Wolf and Witke, op. cit.
Harper, Donald. 1987. "The Sexual Arts of Ancient China as Described in a Manuscript of the Second Century B. C." Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 47:539-94. Harrell, Stevan. 1986. "Men, Women, and Ghosts in Taiwanese Folk Religion," in Gender and Religion: On the Complexity of Symbols, eds. Caroline Walker Bynum, Stevan Harrell and Paula Richman. Boston: Beacon Press.
Hershatter, Gail. 1989. The Hierarchy of Shanghai Prostitution, 1919-1949,~ Modern China 15.4: 463-97. 1990. ~Chinese Sexuality: A Survey of Recent Writings.~ Trends in History 4.4:43-69. -----. 1991. "Prostitution and the Market in Women in Early Twentieth-Century Shanghai," in Marriage and Inequality in Chinese Society, ed. Rubie S. Watson and Patricia Buckley Ebrey. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991. -----. 1992. Regulating Sex in Shanghai: The Reform of Prostitution in 1920 and 1951,~ in Frederic Wakeman and Yeh Wenhsin, eds. Shanghai Sojourners. Berkeley: Center for Chinese Studies, pp. 145-86. -----. 1992. ~Courtesans and Streetwalkers: The Changing Discourse on Shanghai Prostitution, 1890-1949,~ Journal of the History of Sexuality 3.2:245-69. Holmgren, Jennifer. 1981. "Widow Chastity in the Northern Dynasties: The Lieh-nu Biographies in the Wei-shu," Papers on Far Eastern History 23:165-86. -----. 1981-83. "Women and Political Power in the Traditional T'o-pa Elite: A Preliminary Study of the Biographies of Empresses in the Wei-shu," Monumenta Serica 35:33-74. -----. 1983. "The Harem in Northern Wei Politics--398-498 A. D." Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 26:71- 90. -----. 1985. "The Economic Foundations of Virtue: WidowRemarriage in Early and Modern China," Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs 13:1-27. -----. 1991. "Imperial Marriage in the Native Chinese and Non-Han State," in Marriage and Inequality in Chinese Society, ed. Rubie S. Watson and Patricia Buckley Ebrey. Berkeley: University of California Press. Honig, Emily. 1985. ~Burning Incense, Pledging Sisterhood: Communities of Women Workers in the Shanghai Cotton Mills, 1919- 1949,~ Signs 10.4. -----. 1986. Sisters and Strangers: Women in the Shanghai Cotton Mills, 1919-1949. Sanford: Stanford University Press. Hooper, Beverly. 1984. China~s Modernization: Are Young Women Going to Lose Out? Modern China 10.3:317-43. Hou, Sharon Shih-jiuan. 1986. "Women's Literature." In The Indiana Companion to Traditional Chinese Literature, ed. William Nienhauser, Jr., pp. 175-94. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Hsiung, Ping-chen. 1994. Constructed Emotions: The Bonds Between Mothers and Sons in Late Imperial China,~ Late Imperial China 15.1:87-177. Hu Ying. 1993 "Angling with Beauty: Women as Narrative Bait in The Romance of the Three Kingdoms," Chinese Literature: Essays, Articles, Reviews, 15:99-112. Hua, Wei. 1994. The Lament of Frustrated Talents: An Analysis of Three Women's Plays in Later Imperial China, Ming Studies 32:28-42. Jaschok, Maria. 1988. Concubines and Bondservants: The Social History of a Chinese Custom. London: Zed Books. -----, and Suzanne Miers, ed. 1994. Women and Chinese Patriarchy: Submission, Servitude and Escape. London: Zed Books. Jay, Jennifer. 1990. "Vignettes of Chinese Women in T'ang Xi'an (618-906): Individualism in Wu Zetian, Yang Guifei, Yu Xuanji and Li Wa," Chinese Culture 31.1:77-89. Judd, Ellen R. 1989. "Niangjia: Chinese Women and their Natal Families." Journal of Asian Studies 48.3: 525-44. -----. 1990. "'Men are More Able': Rural Chinese Women's Conceptions of Gender and Agency." Pacific Affairs 63:40-62. 1994. Gender and Power in Rural North China. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Johnson, Kay Ann. 1983. Women, the Family and Peasant Revolution in China. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Kelleher, Theresa. 1987. "Confucianism," in Women in World Religions, edited by Arvind Sharma. New York: State University of New York Press, pp. 135-59. Kirkland, Russell. 1991. "Huang Ling-wei: A Taoist Priestess in T'ang China," Journal of Chinese Religions 19:47-73. Klpsch, Volker. 1984. ~Bird in a Cage,~~Jade in the Mire~: Images of Women in Chinese Poetry as Reflected in Poems by and on Cai Wenji.~ Wen-shih che hsueh-pao 1984, no. 33:3-25. Ko, Dorothy. 1992. "Pursuing Talent and Virtue: Education and Women's Culture in Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-Century China." Late Imperial China 13.1:9-39. -----. 1994. Teachers of the Inner Chambers: Women and Culture in Seventeenth-Century China . Stanford: Stanford University Press. Laing, Ellen Johnston. 1988. Wives, Daughters, and Lovers: Three Ming Dynasty Women Painters. In Views from Jade Terrace: Chinese Women Artists, 1300-1912. Indianapolis: Indianapolis Museum of Art. Larsen, Jeanne, trans. 1987. Brocade River Poems: Selected Works of the Tang Dynasty Courtesan Xue Tao. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Levering, Miriam L. 1982. "The Dragon Girl and the Abbess of Moshan: Gender and Status in the Ch'an Buddhist Tradition," The Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies 5.1:19-35. -----. 1992. Lin-chi (Rinzai) Chan and Gender: The Rhetoric of Quality and the Rhetoric of Heroism,~ in Buddhism, Sexuality, and Gender, ed. Jose Ignacio Cabezon. Albany: State University of New York Press. Pp. 137-56. Levy, Howard S. 1966. Chinese Footbinding: The History of a Curious Erotic Custom. New York: Bell. -----. 1958. Harem Favorites of An Illustrious Celestial. Taichung: Ching-tai . -----. 1962. "T'ang Courtesans, Ladies and Concubines," Orient/West 8:49-64. Li, Yu-ning. 1988. "Sun Yat-sen and Women's Transformation." Chinese Studies in History 21:58-78. -----, ed. 1992. Chinese Women Through Chinese Eyes. Armonk, N.Y. M. E. Sharpe. Lin Yutang. 1957. Lady Wu: A True Story. London: Liu Nienling. 1989/90. "The Vanguards of the Women's Liberation Movement--Lu Yin, Bingxin, and Ding Ling." Chinese Studies in History 23:22-45. Mann, Susan. 1985. "Historical Change in Female Biography from Song to Qing Times: The Case of Early Qing Jiangnan (Jiangsu and Anhui Provinces)," Transactions of the International Conference of Orientalists in Japan 30:65-77. -----. 1987. "Women in the Kinship, Class, and Community Structures of Qing Dynasty China," Journal of Asian Studies 46:37-56. -----. 1991. "Grooming a Daughter for Marriage." In Marriage and Inequality in Chinese Society, ed. Rubie S. Watson and Patricia Buckley Ebrey. Berkeley: University of California Press. -----. 1992. "'Fuxue' (Women's Learning) by Zhang Xuecheng (1738- 1801): China's First History of Women's Culture." Late Imperial China 13.1:40-62. -----. 1992. Women~s Work in the Ningbo Area, 1900-1936.~ In Chinese History in Economic Perspective, ed. Thomas G. Rawski and Lillian M. Li. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 243-70. Martin-Liao, Tienchi. 1985. Traditional Handbooks of Women~s Education, in Women and Literature in China, ed. Anna Gerstlacher et al, Bochum: Studienverlag Brockmeyer. McCreery, John L. 1976. "Women's Property Rights and Dowry in China and South Asia," Ethnology 15:163-74. McDermott, Joseph. 1990. The Chinese Domestic Bursar.~ Asian Cultural Studies special issue:13-30. McGough, James P. 1981. Deviant Marriage Patterns in Chinese Society,~ in Normal and Abnormal Behavior in Chinese Culture, ed. Arthur Kleinman and Tsung-yi Lin. Boston: D. Reidel McMahon, Keith. 1987. "Eroticism in Late Ming, Early Qing Fiction," Toung Pao 73: -----. 1988. "A Case for Confucian Sexuality: The EighteenthCentury Novel 'Yesou Puyan'." Late Imperial China 9.2:32-55. 1995. Misers, Shrews, and Polygamists: Sexuality and Male-Female Relations in Eighteenth-Century Chinese Fiction. Durham: Duke University Press Meijer, M. J. 1971. Marriage Law and Policy in the People's Republic of China. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. -----. 1981. "The Price of a Pai-lou." T'oung Pao 67:288-304. -----. 1985. "Homosexual Offences in Ch'ing Law." Toung Pao 71: Murray, Dian. 1981. "One Woman's Rise to Power: Cheng I's Wife and the Pirates," in Guisso and Johannesen, op. cit. Murray, Julia K. 1988. The Ladies' Classic of Filial Piety and Sung Textual Illustration; Problems of Reconstruction and Artistic Context, Ars Orientalis 18:95-129. -----. 1990. "Didactic Art for Women: The Ladies' Classic of Filial Piety," in Flowering in the Shadows: Women in the History of Chinese and Japanese Painting, ed. Marsha Weidner. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. Ng, Vivien W. 1987. "Ideology and Sexuality: Rape Laws in Qing China." Journal of Asian Studies 46:57-70. Ocko, Jonathan. 1991. "Women, Property, and the Law in the PRC," in Marriage and Inequality in Chinese Society, ed. Rubie S. Watson and Patricia Buckley Ebrey. Berkeley: University of California Press. O'Hara, Albert Richard. 1971. The Position of Women in Early China. Taipei: Mei Ya. Ono, Kazuko. 1988. Chinese Women in a Century of Revolution, 1850-1950. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Overmyer, Daniel L. 1991. Women in Chinese Religions: Submission, Struggle, Transcendence, in From Benares to Beijing: Essays on Buddhism and Chinese Religions in Honour of Professor Jan Yn-hua (Oakville, Ont.: Mosaic Press), 91-120. Paderni, Paola. 1995. I thought I would Have Some Happy Days: Women Eloping in Eighteenth-Century China,~ Late Imperial China 16.1:1-32. Paper, Jordan. 1990. "The Persistence of Female Deities in Patriarchal China." Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion 6:25-40. Paul, Diana. 1980. Women in Buddhism: Images of the Feminine in Mahayana Tradition. Berkeley: Asian Humanities Press. Peck, Stacey. 1985. Halls of Jade, Walls of Stone: Women in China Today. New York: Franklin Watt. Prazniak, Roxann. 1986. "Weavers and Sorceresses of Chuansha: The Social Origins of Political Activism Among Rural Chinese Women." Modern China 12:202-29. Rankin, Mary Backus. 1976. "The Emergence of Women at the End of the Ch'ing: The Case of Ch'iu Chin," in Wolf and Witke, op. cit. Reed, Barbara E. 1987. "Taoism," in Women in World Religions, ed. Arvind Sharma. Albany: State University of New York Press ----. 1992. The Gender Symbolism of Kuan-yin Bodhisattva, in Buddhism, Sexuality, and Gender, ed. Jose Ignacio Cabezon. Albany: State University of New York Press. Pp. 159-80. Robertson, Maureen. 1992. "Voicing the Feminine: Constructions of the Gendered Subject in Lyric Poetry by Women of Medieval and Late Imperial China." Late Imperial China 13.1:63-110. Rong, Tiesheng. 1983. "The Women's Movement in China Before and After the 1911 Revolution." Chinese Studies in History 16:159- 200. Ropp, Paul S. 1976. "Seeds of Change: Reflections on the Condition of Women in Early and Mid Ch'ing." Signs 2:5-23. -----. 1992. "A Confucian View of Women in the Ch'ing Period-- Literati Laments for Women in the Ch'ing Shi tuo." Hanxue yanjiu 10.2:399-435. -----. 1993. "Love, Literacy, and Laments: Themes of Women Writers in Late Imperial China." Women's History Review 2.1:107-41. Rouzer, Paul, 1989. Watching the Voyeurs: Palace Poetry and the Yuefu of Wen Tingyun, CLEAR 11:13-34. Rowe, William T. 1992. "Women and the Family in Mid-Qing Social Thought: The Case of Ch'en Hung-mou," Late Imperial China .13.2: 1-41 Rossabi, Morris. 1989. "Kuan Tao-sheng: Woman Artist in Yan China." Bulletin of Sung-Yuan Studies 21:67-84. Salaff, Janet W. 1981. Working Daughters of Hong Kong. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Sangren, P. Steven. 1983. "Female Gender in Chinese Religious Symbols: Kuan Yin, Ma Tsu, and the "Eternal Mother." Signs 9.1:4-25. Shaughnessy, Edward L. 1992. Marriage, Divorce, and Revolution: Reading between the Lines of the Book of Changes.~ Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 51.3:587-99. Stayendra, Indira. Metaphors of the Body: The Sexual Economy of the Chin Ping Mei tzu-hua. CLEAR 15:85-98. . Seaman, Gary. 1981. "The Sexual Politics of Karmic Retribution." In The Anthropology of Taiwanese Society, eds. Emily Martin Ahern and Hill Gates. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Seiber, Patricia. 1994. ~Comic Virtue and Commendable Vice: Guan Hanqing~s Jiu Fengchen and Wang Jiangting,~ Ming Studies 32:43- 64. Sheridan, M. and Janet Salaff. 1984. Lives: Chinese Working Women. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Sidel, Ruth. 1982. Women and Child Care in China. Rev. ed. New York: Penguin Books. Siu, Helen F. 1990. "Where Were the Women? Rethinking Marriage Resistance and Regional Culture in South China," Late Imperial China 11.2:32-62. Soulliere, E. 1988. "The Imperial Marriages of the Ming Dynasty," Papers in Far Eastern History 37:3-30. Spade, Beatrice. "The Education of Women During the Southern Dynasties." Journal of Asian History 13.1 (1980): 15-41. Spence, Jonathan. 1978. The Death of Woman Wang. New York: Viking. Stacey, Judith. 1983. Patriarchy and Socialist Revolution in China. Berkeley: University of California Press. Stockard, Janice E. 1989. Daughters of the Canton Delta: Marriage Patterns and Economic Strategies in South China, 1860-1930. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Strahan, Patricia. 1983. Yan'an Women and the Communist Party. Berkeley: Institute of East Asian Studies. -----. 1983. "Labor Heroines of Yan'an." Modern China 9:228-52. Sung, Marina H. 1981. "The Chinese Lieh-n Tradition," in Guisso and Johannesen, op. cit. Swann, Nancy Lee. 1932. Pan Chao: Foremost Woman Scholar of China. New York: Century. Tai, Yen-hui. 1978. "Divorce in Traditional Chinese Law," In Chinese Family Law in Historical Perspective, ed. David Buxbaum. Seattle: University of Washington Press. Tao, Chia-lien Pao. 1991. "Chaste Widows and Institutions to Support Them in Late-Qing China," Asia Major (Ser. 3) 4.1:101- 19. -----. 1992. "Women and Jealousy in Traditional China." In Zhongguo jinshi shehui wenhua shi lunwen ji. Taipei: Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica. Thatcher, Melvin. 1991. "Marriage of the Ruling Elite in the Spring and Autumn Period," in Marriage and Inequality in Chinese Society, ed. Rubie S. Watson and Patricia Buckley Ebrey. Berkeley: University of California Press. T'ien, Ju-k'ang. 1988. Male Anxiety and Female Chastity: A Comparative Study of Chinese Ethical Values in Ming-Ch'ing Times. Leiden: E. J. Brill. Topley, Marjorie. 1978. "Marriage Resistance in Rural Kwangtung." In Studies in Chinese Society, ed. Arthur P. Wolf, pp. 247-68. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Van Gulik, R. H. 1951. Erotic Colour Prints of the Ming Period. Tokyo.
-----. 1961. Sexual Life in Ancient China. Leiden: E. J. Brill. Wagner, Marsha L. 1985. "Maids and Servants in Dreams of the Red Chamber: Individuality and the Social Order," in Expressions of Self in Chinese Literature, ed. Robert E. Hegel and Richard C. Hessney. New York: Columbia University Press. Waltner, Ann. 1981. "Widows and Remarriage in Ming and Early Qing China," in Women in China, ed. Richard W. Guisso and Stanley Johannesen. Youngstown, N.Y.: Philo Press. -----. 1987. "Visionary and Bureaucrat in Late Ming: T'an-yangtzu and Wang Shih-chen," Late Imperial China 8:105-27. -----. 1989. "On Not Becoming a Heroine: Lin Dai-yu and Cui Ying-ying," Signs15.1:61-78.
-----. 1991. "Learning from a Woman: Ming Literati Responses to Tanyangzi," International Journal of Social Education 6.1:42-59.
Warner, Martina. 1972. The Dragon Empress; Life and Times of Tz'u-hsi 1835-1908, Empress Dowager of China. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
Watson, Rubie S. 1981. "Class Differences and Affinal Relations in South China," Man 16:593-615.
-----. 1984. "Women's Property in Republican China: Rights and Practice," Republican China 10.1a:1-12. -----. 1986. "The Named and the Nameless: Gender and Person in Chinese Society." American Ethnologist 13.4: 619-31. -----. 1991a. "Afterword: Marriage and Gender Inequality," in Marriage and Inequality in Chinese Society, ed. Rubie S. Watson and Patricia Buckley Ebrey. Berkeley: University of California Press.
-----. 1991b. "Wives, Concubines, and Maids: Servitude and Kinship in the Hong Kong Region, 1900-1941," in Marriage and Inequality in Chinese Society, ed. Rubie S. Watson and Patricia Buckley Ebrey. Berkeley: University of California Press. Weidner, Marsha, ed. 1989. Flowering in the Shadows: Women in the History of Chinese and Japanese Paintings. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
Weidner, Marsha, Ellen Johnston Laing, Irving Yucheng Lo, Christina Chu, and James Robinson. 1988. Views from the Jade Terrace: Chinese Women Artists 1330-1912. Indianapolis: Indianapolis Museum of Art.
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