Conference organized by the Chair of Architectural Theory,Prof. Dr. Ákos Moravánszky, Institute for the History and Theory of Architecture (gta), ETH Zurich, Switzerland
16-17 May 2014, ETH Zurich
The two-day international conference ‘Re-humanizing Architecture: New Forms of Community 1950-1970’will open a forum for current research in the history of architecture and urbanism in Europe aiming to produce a new comparative picture of architectural transfer and competition in the early period of the continent's political divide. The conference addresses the question how different actors (architects, theorists and intellectuals, public planning institutions, and others) in various European countries that belonged to the two political blocs during the Cold War have developed different concepts, strategies, and models to meet human needs in modern industrialized societies.
Keynotes: Wojciech Ba³us, Hilde Heynen, Béla Kerékgyártó, Annie Pedret, Cor Wagenaar
The full program and further information is available at http://www.moravanszky.arch.ethz.ch/events/eastwestcentral-e
To attend this conference, please register by sending an email to firstname.lastname@example.org before 15 April 2014. The conference fee of CHF 30 should be paid upon arrival. The fee includes morning and afternoon coffee, the program and book of abstracts. Students are free to attend but asked to register, since seats are limited.
PRELIMINARY LIST OF TALKS
Ákos Moravánszky Introductory lecture
Annie Pedret (Seoul National University, Korea): CIAM and the “spiritual needs” of people
Béla Kerékgyártó (TU Budapest, Hungary): Was humanized socialist modernism possible after all?
Hilde Heynen (KU Leuven, Belgium): Architecture as construction, places of encounter and civic centers. Snapshots of architectural debates in postwar Europe
Wojciech Ba³us (Jagiellonian University, Poland): "Ikonosfera": Mieczyslaw Porebski and his conception of architecture
Cor Wagenaar (TU Delft, Netherlands): Similarities and differences in the planning of new housing estates in the Western welfare states and the socialist countries in Central Europe
PANEL 1A: ARCHITECTS AND PROGRAMS
Vladimir Kuliĉ (Florida Atlantic University, USA): Bogdan Bogdanoviĉ and the search for a meaningful city
Sven Sterken (KU Leuven, Belgium): Urban planning and Christian revival. The Institut Supérieur d'Urbanisme Appliqué in Brussels under Gaston Bardet (1947–1961)
Luca Molinari (TU Delft, Netherlands): Re-humanizing post war Italian architecture: De Carlo in Urbino and Terni (1958–72)
PANEL 1B: NATIONAL PERSPECTIVES
Dana Vais (TU Cluj, Romania): "Social efficiency" vs. "humanistic specifity". Double discourse in Romanian architecture in the 1960s
Erik Sigge, (KTH Stockholm, Sweden): From new empiricism to state structuralism. Failed attempts of re-humanizing Swedish governmental architecture, 1950–1970
Sigrid Brandt (University of Salzburg, Austria): Socialist Realism in the GDR as „other modernism“
PANEL 2A: TRANSFERS AND ENCOUNTERS
Karin Šerman (University of Zagreb, Croatia): Case New Zagreb: Evolution of models and strategies of socialist community building 1950-70
Marcela Hanáèková (ETH Zurich, Switzerland): Three examples of “humanistic” architecture in late-60s Czechoslovakia
Karin Hallas-Murula (Tallinn University, Estonia): Rural and ethnographic elements in the Soviet rationalist architecture of the 1960s. Import of Western concepts via Finnish-Estonian connections.
PANEL 2B: URBAN AND RURAL
Domonkos Wettstein (ETH Zurich, Switzerland) Desire for innocence? Collectivity and regional architecture on lake Balaton, 1957–1968
Juliana Maxim (University of San Diego,USA): The microraion as socialist village: The vernacular ideal and the new housing districts in Bucharest, 1955–1965
Nelson Mota (TU Delft, Netherlands): Dwelling in the middle landscape. Reconciling art and nature in mid-1950s architecture of rural communities
PANEL 3A: SPACES OF ESCAPE
Susana Constantino (University of Coimbra, Portugal): Between City and University: New monumentality as a humanistic counter-image for the architecture of Estado Novo’s rhetorical apparatus.
Grigor Doytchinov (TU Graz, Austria): Architecture of lifestyle change and community diversity
Michael Zinganel (curator, independent scholar, Austria): Unexpected side effects of international mass tourism at the Croatian Adriatic coast
PANEL 03B: PUBLIC SPACE AND EVERYDAY LIFE
Nikolas Drosos (National Gallery of Art Washington, USA): Together we Build: The Synthesis of the arts in a divided Europe during the 1950s
Iliana Veinberga (Art Academy of Latvia): Our battlefield is invisible: Public space and formation of non-conformist groups in Soviet Latvia in the1960s and 1970s
Elke Beyer (IRS Erkner, Germany): From new elements of settlement to the Old Arbat. The Soviet NER group's search for socialist urbanity and spaces of community in the 1960s and 1970s
Since 1945, Europe has undergone several phases of building and rebuilding under the influence of different political systems and, connected to these systems, different ideas concerning the built environment and its production. State-socialist countries and capitalist welfare states alike enlisted architecture and urbanism in the organization of new social and economic environments not only to meet basic needs, but also to establish new forms of community and cultural identity. While the two systems – from the start – embraced ideological and aesthetic difference, discourses that emphasized the functional and rational aspects of modern architecture became characteristic for economic recovery on both sides since the late 1950s. Nevertheless, across Europe different protagonists urged for alternative strategies in dealing with the demands and requirements of modernity. They shifted the focus towards the individual and its relationship to the collective, proposing new forms of community and criticizing functionalist principles of urbanism and architecture as propagated by the CIAM (Congrès Internationaux d’Architecture Moderne).
The aim of the symposium is to analyze these proposals to re-humanize architecture by placing them in the context of intellectual debates around New Humanism, aesthetic concepts such as (Socialist) Realism and philosophical currents like Existentialism. We seek to re-assess the role of alternative discourses and spatial concepts about the forms of community in post-war modernization processes. Thus the conference integrates contributions that
– trace representations of the new society, public space and interferences between art and architecture
– study spatial strategies of community building in urban and rural situations as well as in the contexts of work and leisure
– investigate concepts such as the ‘neighborhood unit’ or ‘microraion’ and compare integral models for living, working and leisure in countries across Europe.
Institute for the History and Theory of Architecture (gta), ETH
Architectural Theory, Prof. Dr. Ákos Moravánszky
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