In 212 CE the emperor Caracalla extended citzenship to all free-born residents of the Roman empire. That act transformed Rome: in theory, the empire ceased at once to have subjects, and all new citizens were expected to adhere to Roman law. Reality, both before and after, was in fact far messier. Echoes of Caracalla's act have reverberated in ideologies of empire and the law of citizenship in Europe down to the present day. On the one hand, the assimilation of subjects to citizens became a component of the project of empire. At the same time, as modern Europe took up Roman law, the ghosts of empire were embedded in the laws of its nations. The conference presents 13 papers on the history of citizenship in law and political theory from the Roman empire to the law codes of modern Europe, with commentary by two distinguished ancient and medieval historians.
Speakers include: Clifford Ando (Chicago), Ari Bryen (West Virginia), Anna Dolganov (Princeton), Josep Fradera (Universitat Pompeu Fabra), Hervé Inglebert (Paris-Nanterre), António Manuel Hespanha (Universidade Nova de Lisboa), Georgy Kantor (St. John's, Oxford), Luigi Lacchè (Macerata), Daniel Lee (Toronto), Claudia Moatti (Paris 8 & USC) , David Nirenberg (Chicago), Ana Cristina Nogueira da Silva (Universidade Nova de Lisboa), Anthony Pagden (UCLA), Jean-Frédéric Schaub (EHESS) and Greg Woolf (St. Andrews)
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