Indian Women, Agrarian Villages, and Landscapes of Violence
Susan Sleeper- Smith, Michigan State University
This paper examines the agrarian village world created by Indian women in the Ohio River valley, villages that have been conspicuously invisible in the historical record. In 1791, they posed a serious barrier to U.S. expansion and President Washington ordered a U.S. army attack on these villages. The villages and fields were burned and ninety Indian women and children were kidnapped and imprisoned at Fort Washington (Cincinnati). The federal government destabilized this agrarian landscape, dismissed all Indians as warlike, and consigned this agrarian landscape to invisibility. This paper explores both the agrarian world created by Indian women and exposes the federal actions that destroyed this world.
Commentator: Brenda Child, University of Minnesota
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