The idea of a “modern” India emerged under the colonial rule. It was colonial historicism which classified and then defined India after 1757 as modern India. Modernity means ahead in time and hence an advancement. Thus implicitly colonial historicism established the idea that even if gradually but modernity emerged in the sub-continent after 1757. This also implied that before 1757 whatever existed was at least not modern because from the perspective of time the pre 1757 appeared as behind in time. Thus, as colonial India became identified as modern India so pre-colonial Mughal Hindustan naturally became identified as backward. As Mughal Hindustan became identified as backward so naturally emerged a process of rejection. This rejection implied rejection of tradition, custom, knowledge system and legacies.
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