International workshop at the British School at Rome, 23-24 March 2011, Sainsbury lecture theatre
(No registration is required, but please note that seats are limited.)
For some time, historians have been concerned with comparative approaches towards fascism. However, such work often remains largely theoretical and focused on fascist ideology. Moreover, most existing comparative accounts do not probe into the extent to which fascist regimes were connected and entangled with each other. This workshop’s theme is the history of fascist entanglement which is more than a comparative history, but rather a dynamic analysis of crossovers, transfers and exchanges. More recently, some scholars have taken up this approach under the impact of transnational history. However, this approach has not had much resonance amongst Italian historians. Many historians of Italy deny any serious parallels between Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany, and some even describe Fascist Italy as a ‘soft’ dictatorship. The entanglement approach has also had a limited impact amongst historians of the Third Reich as most historians of Nazi Germany insist that the Third Reich was a unique racial state that cannot be compared with Fascist Italy or indeed any other regime.
This workshop aims to initiate a conversation amongst American, Australian, British, Italian and German historians on the usefulness of the entanglement approach for a better understanding of European fascism. Since the entanglements between Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany were most profound and had fatal consequences for Europe and the world during the Second World War, the workshop’s main focus will be on Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany, Europe’s first and most powerful fascist dictatorships, though other countries will also be considered.
There will be three papers by historians working on concrete manifestations of fascist entanglements, followed by a roundtable conversation which hopes to be controversial.
23 March 2011
18:00: Keynote lecture, Sainsbury Lecture Theatre
Richard Bosworth (University of Western Australia/University of Reading), ‘Mussolini as Sun God: an irradiating Duce?’
24 March 2011
Chair: Lucy Riall (Birkbeck/ Freiburg Institute of Advanced Study)
Patrick Bernhard (Freiburg Institute of Advanced Study), ‘From Libya to the Generalgouvernement: Italian colonialism as a model for the German planning in Eastern Europe’
Bianca Gaudenzi (University of Cambridge), ‘The politicisation of advertising in Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy’
Andrea Mammone (Kingston University), ‘France, Italy and Fascism: The challenge of transnational history’
Comment: Christian Goeschel
16:30-17:00: Coffee break
17:00: Roundtable discussion
Chair: Richard Bosworth
Oliver Janz (Freie Universität Berlin/Istituto storico germanico, Roma), Lutz Klinkhammer (Istituto storico germanico, Roma), Pamela Ballinger (Bowdoin College/American Academy, Rome), Alessandra Tarquini (La Sapienza, Roma)
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