In this panel we aim in particular at bringing together research on two central themes in political ecology: the politics and violence associated with forest conservation and the neoliberalization of agriculture under the present global food regime (H. Friedmann). We also want to reflect on possible differences between the political ecological dynamics of agrarian change and forest conservation: Is agrarian transformation driven more by science (biotechnology, green revolution) and capital, while forest conservation is the domain of NGOs, transnational institutions, and developmental states? How do practices of control and regulation in the “greening” of agriculture (fair trade, organic) and forest management (UNEP standards) differ? Are the cultural politics of protest and resistance expressed differently among peasant (agriculture), indigenous (forest), and urban middle class environmental activists (forest and agriculture)?
In this panel we invite ethnographic contributions to the emerging field of political ecology, with which we hope to engage regarding recent theoretical advances in the anthropology of globalization, post-socialism, and post-colonialism. On the other hand we expect to stimulate critical social and cultural theory in anthropology by bringing ecology (back) in.
Stefan Dorondel, Francisc I. Rainer Institut of Anthropology Bucharest and Rachel Carson Center, LMU Munich
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