This group established in 2004 within the Centre of Historical research aims to pursue the profound renewal that has taken place in the history of populations since the last fifteen years. It takes into account the constructed character of populations, the articulations between the study of practices, knowledge and institutions and re-reads the history of social policies and public hygiene through demographic objects (mortality, migrations, families, etc). More generally, it raises the broader question of forming and regulating societies.
The group brings together historians but also political scientists and sociologists from different institutions (CNRS, EHESS, INALCO, Sciences Po, University of Paris VIII, University of Lille-nord, University of Maine).
The perspective adopted is both comparative and “entangled”, since it takes account of different fields of national research both inside and outside the European framework. While basing itself on contemporary researches on the State, it further examines institutional forms operating on other scales (municipalities or supranational bodies for example), and of a private nature (firms, associations, churches, etc.)
Most of the presentations will be in French. However, English speakers are welcome and papers can be discussed in French and in English.
12 January 2011, 3 pm to 7 pm, at EHESS, 105 bd Raspail, 75006 Paris, room 7.
De l’Europe préindustrielle au monde contemporain, les personnes âgées face aux risques (pauvreté, isolement, dépendance) / From pre-industrial Europe to the contemporary world, risks confronting elderly people (poverty, social isolation, dependency)
Session organizer: Christophe Capuano (CRH/EHESS)
This session deals with risks of poverty, dependency and social isolation that threaten a particularly vulnerable population of elderly people. It analyzes the measures taken to deal with these risks from preindustrial times to the contemporary period, with particular attention to the respective roles of the individual, the family and the State in these different undertakings.
* Laurence Fontaine (EHESS/ENS): « What strategies did men and women in preindustrial Europe employ against poverty in old age? »
* Thomas Frinault (IEP/University of Rennes II): «The odyssey of dependency funds”
* Christophe Capuano (CRH/EHESS): « Abandon of elderly people by families. The construction of a myth (1945-2003) »
9 February 2011, 3 pm to 7 pm, at EHESS, 105 bd Raspail, 75006 Paris, room 7.
La transition des régimes d’assistance sociale après 1945: perspectives
Comparées / Changes in social assistance programs after 1945: a comparative perspective
Session organizer: Yohann Aucante (EHESS)
In the consolidation and rapid transformation of welfare states after 1945 and the rise of national insurance systems, questions of social assistance regimes and their continuities with pre-war forms or their relations with insurance firms have remained neglected and marginal to the global understanding of welfare states
This session will examine the problem through an international comparison.
With Romain Huret (University of Lyon II): «Abandoning social assistance, saving insurance? Middle classes and the dilemma of social reformers in the United States (1930-1980) »
* Bernard Thomann (INALCO): « Right to assistance or community solidarity? Social protection in Japan after the war »
* Yohann Aucante: « The communal paradox: social assistance and services in Scandinavia after the war »
9 March 2011, 3 pm to 7 pm, Sciences Po, 56 rue des Saints-Pères, 75007 Paris, room Jean Monnet.
Enjeux et pratique de la protection des migrants et des indigènes au début du XXe siècle: perspectives comparées / Stakes and protective practices for migrants and natives at the beginning of the 20th century: a comparative perspective
Session organizer: Caroline Douki (University of Paris VIII) and Paul-André Rosental (Sciences Po)
Though not necessarily linked, reform perspectives in the field of social protection of migrant workers and imperial and racial questions concerning poor people also involved in forms of mobility, developed simultaneously at the beginning of the 20th century. These networks and reform movements led to the elaboration of an international, social or humanitarian law and the establishment of supra-state or transnational bodies whose mission consisted of defining and ensuring the protection of these categories of population. The session will establish and test the effective capacity of migrants or poor populations to exercise their rights by specifically studying the supports and resources of these groups in their countries of origin, in the countries of their destination and across various transnational social and associative networks.
Caroline Douki (University of Paris VIII), Paul-André Rosental (Sciences Po), Emmanuelle Sibeud (University of Paris VIII)
11 May 2011, 3 pm to 7 pm: EHESS, 105 bd
Raspail, 75006 Paris, room n° 7.
L’enquête: méthode ; échelle ; articulation entre étude empirique et généralisation / Enquiry: method; scale; articulation between empirical study and generalization
Session organizer: Ivan Jablonka (University of Mainz) and Laura Downs (EHESS)
Taking two studies as the point of departure, this session deals with the question of sources and methods of historical enquiry and in particular with the relationships between local enquiry and the broader context.
* Laura Downs’ research on the histories of holiday camps, shows the necessity of constantly changing scales of observation to account for the circulation of ideas and practices in spaces ranging from small neighbourhood holiday camps to big international congresses (Laura Downs, Histoire des colonies de vacances de 1880 à nos jours, Paris, Perrin, 2009)
* Working on private and public archives all over the world, Nicolar Mariot and Claire Zalc, place themselves in an average city, Lens. They retrace the persecution of the Jewish community in Lens during the Second World War. Reconstituting the destiny of 991 Jews, they renew the sources and methods of historical inquiry in order to develop a social history of the Shoah. (Nicolas Mariot and Claire Zalc, Face à la persécution, Paris, Odile Jacob, 2010).
15 June 2011, 9 am to
6 pm : INALCO, 49 bis, avenue de la Belle Gabrielle
La définition et le traitement des populations vulnérables: l’apport des terrains non européens / Definition and treatment of vulnerable populations: contribution from non-European fieldwork
Study workshop ESOPP-INALCO
organizer: Hélène Frouard (CNRS) and Bernard Thomann (INALCO)
Historians have analyzed the identification and treatment of vulnerable populations as policies articulated with the increasing power of the welfare state (whether authoritarian or democratic). The struggle against vulnerability would be a way of combating the collapse or the disaffiliation of entire sections of society. Thus, protection policies for vulnerable populations were a manner of acknowledging civil and political citizenship in the social field. This analysis, rooted in a European and North-American history of social protection and the construction of the State merits examination in areas where political and state structures or national histories and the construction of social solidarities were elaborated differently.
*Jacques Enaudeau, « The ’Burkinabe-Ivorians’, visible or invisible? The vulnerability of West African migrants according to the yardstick of their relationship to space and land »
*Chloé Froissart, « What citizenship for migrant workers in China? »
*Hélène Frouard, «The difficult extension of social benefits to overseas French departments: the example of housing-benefits in Guadeloupe, 1945 »
*Bernard Thomann: « Social vulnerability and general mobilization of the population: The quest for a basic minimum salary in Japan during the war (1937-1945) »
* Marie-Christine Saglio: «Vulnerability and citizenship of slum dwellers of Mumbai (India): the eligible and the non eligible. »
ESOPP - Centre de recherches historiques
10 rue Monsieur le Prince
33 153 105 469 / 33 149 542 146
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