Based on an interdisciplinary approach, this research project seeks to foster a better understanding of the phenomena of rejection, resistance and opposition to the processes of integration in Europe from 1945 to the present. By crossing research methods of different disciplines (history, sociology, political science, law, geography and economy) and viewpoints of researchers from various countries, this project seeks to analyze the motives of these oppositions to Europe, to decipher their finality, to bring to light the key moments of their formulation and to reveal their evolving nature. This research project will also take into account the complexity of the dynamics of rejection and strive to uncover the specificities of opposition according to actors, spaces and times. Furthermore, each form of resistance will be considered within its specific national framework and in comparison with the evolution of international relations and development of European institutions. Ultimately, this project aims for a survey of oppositions to European integration since 1945 in order to highlight the main themes, their articulations and their evolutions throughout the last sixty years.
Four thematic workshops will be organized:
- The first workshop, entitled « The Concepts » (March 2009), will explore the origins, the meaning, the function and the utilization of the terms used to qualified the resistance to European integration in a multidisciplinary and typological perspective.
- The second workshop, entitled « Spaces, Regions and Borders » (June 2009), will approach the notion of spatiality in its geographic acceptation (frontiers and enlargement of Europe, border and regional spaces) and its figurative meaning (democratic space, public space, social space, symbolic and cultural space).
- The third workshop, entitled « The Role of Institutional Actors » (October 2009), will analyze the motives and the forms taken by these oppositions in EU member states and would-be members, in the European institutions and in countries that have refused to join.
- The final workshop, entitled « Political Parties and Civil Society » (February 2010), will explore the rationales behind the opposition of political parties in Europe, the motivations and expression of resistance of business circles, civil society and public opinion.
The work languages will be French, English and German. For the publication of the proceedings, articles may be written in any of these three languages. Hotel and transportation will be reimbursed according to budgetary possibilities.
Young researchers—PhD-students, post-doctoral students and junior scholars—in history, political science, sociology, law, geography and economy are invited to submit a proposition of maximum 500 words, a short CV of one page and an abstract of the dissertation or of current research of maximum 200 words. Propositions for the first two workshops (“Concepts” and “Spaces, Regions and Borders”) will be considered in priority. Propositions on the terms (origins, evolution, use), alter-Europeanist movements, British Euroscepticism, South and South-East Europe (both old and new member states), candidates to adhesion such as Turkey are particularly welcome. Candidates may submit their proposition in French, German or English.
The propositions should contain all three documents and be sent simultaneously to Martial Libera (firstname.lastname@example.org) and Carine Germond (email@example.com) by December 31, 2008 at the very latest. Candidates will be notified by mi-January 2009.
This research project has been selected for funding by the Maison Interuniversitaire des Sciences de l’Homme—Alsace (MISHA) for its Junior program junior 2008. Institutional partners are also the Institut des Hautes Études Européennes (Strasbourg), the Institut d’Études Politiques at Strasbourg, the Centre de recherche et d’étude en sciences sociales (Strasbourg), the Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l’Europe (Luxembourg), the RICHIE network and FARE (Frontiers, Actors and Representations of Europe), a group of historians at the University Robert Schuman.
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