The primary theme of the forthcoming conference focuses on the relationship between energy and the environment in the global context. Energy use and supply is of fundamental importance to society and, with the possible exception of agriculture and forestry, has made the greatest impact on the environment of any human activity – a result of the large scale and pervasive nature of energy related activities. Such problems have now become major political issues and the subject of international debate and regulation.
Conference goals and concerns
A major aim of the Conference is to facilitate constructive and professional debate between scientists and technologists, social scientists and economists from academia, government and the energy industries on energy and environment issues in both a national and international context. It is also the aim to include the informed and environmentally concerned public and their organizations in the debate. Particular attention is given to ways of resolving conflict in the energy and environment field.
The following packaged topics are proposed to be discussed:
• Geography of energy resources. Important questions, like where the energy resources are available now and in the future, their current status, use, availability, and future potential need to be answered. While extraction of energy resources is growing an environmental impact becomes a key problem for the global environment.
• Renewable and non-conventional sources of energy. While they are already concerned in environmental and energy policies over the world, their use and management, their global distribution, modern technologies and potential are still the focus of the debate. Special interest in the impact of these resources on economic development and energy security as well as on costs and benefits generated for countries and local economies is also expected over a debate.
• Energy transportation and distribution. Global transportation capabilities of energy, including maritime and land transportation, seem to be a serious environmental and economic concern since the countries have to spread their supply sources over the world.
• Energy markets. The conference debate is going to focus on the global forecasts of major energy consuming markets, energy use trends in major developed and developing countries. What are the implications of those processes? What is the impact of increased global consumption of energy on environment in developing countries?
• Energy policy. Current strategies, their structures and instruments, including energy security, costs of supply disruption, national petroleum reserves, efforts of importing countries to assure direct access to the energy resources and diversity of supply sources. How we are doing now? How we are going to do in the future? The relations between energy exporting and energy importing countries, using energy resources as a factor of development and political pressures, and certainly energy security as a driving force in international bilateral and/or multilateral agreements.
• Environmental policy. While energy and environmental policy are going to be more integrated, there are still some inconsistency between key interests and policy instruments in these two areas. The problem is more serious when considered from the global perspective. , including objectives and expectations developed countries from the one hand and those developing from the other. While environmental policy created by the developed countries goes quite far, the question how international environmental agreements and expected regulation in developing countries affect their development possibilities.
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